|Sir Edward Marsh Merewether
|Governor of Sierra Leone|
8 March 1911 – January 1916
|Preceded by||Sir Leslie Probyn|
|Succeeded by||Sir Richard James Wilkinson|
9 September 1858|
Meriden, Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom
|Died||28 December 1938
Kensington, London, England, United Kingdom
|Spouse(s)||Honoria Clementina Mary Braddell|
|Alma mater||Harrow School|
Early life and background
Merewether was born in Meriden, Warwickshire, England on 9 September 1858, the second son of British Indian Army officer Major General Sir William Merewether (1825–1880) and Harriett Dale. His grandfather was the Serjeant-at-law and Town Clerk of London, Henry Alworth Merewether (1780–1864). His uncle, Edward Christopher Merewether (1820–1893), was a prominent civil servant and businessman in the Colony of New South Wales and for whom the suburb of Merewether was named. Merewether was educated at Harrow School.
After passing the civil service exam, Merewether was accepted as a cadet in the Straits Settlements Civil Service (SSCC) in 1880 and rose to become Superintendent of the Census in 1891 and Inspector of Prisons in 1893. As Assistant Colonial Secretary and Clerk of Councils from 1897, he acted on two occasions as resident Councillor and Colonial Treasurer in Malacca. In 1901 he was appointed as Resident Minister to the Sultan of Selangor, Alauddin Sulaiman Shah. For his service in the colony he was made a Companion of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George (CMG) in the 1902 Birthday Honours. In 1883 he married Honoria Clementina Mary Braddell, the daughter of the first Attorney-General of Singapore, Sir Thomas Braddell.
He was appointed Lieutenant Governor and Chief Secretary to the Government of Malta in May 1902, serving until 1911. He was made a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) on 21 April 1903, on the occasion of King Edward VII's visit to Malta. When the King visited Malta again in April 1907, Merewether was promoted to Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO).
In March 1911, Merewether was appointed Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Sierra Leone. In the 1916 New Year Honours, he was made a Knight Commander of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George (KCMG). Merewether's term expired in early 1916 and was due to return to England on board the British and African Steamer, SS Appam, but was taken prisoner when the ship was captured by the Imperial German Navy raider SMS Möwe on 15 January 1916. He and his wife were released when the Appam arrived under control of its German prize crew in Norfolk, Virginia, in early February.
Merewether was lastly appointed as Governor of the Leeward Islands, serving from 1916 to 1921. In September 1920, he entertained Edward, Prince of Wales at Government House, Antigua on the occasion of his visit to the West Indies.
He died in Kensington, London, on 28 December 1938.
Titles, styles and honours
|Viceregal styles of
Sir Edward Merewether
|Reference style||His Excellency|
|Spoken style||Your Excellency|
- 9 September 1858 – 1901: Edward Merewether, Esq
- 1901–1902: His Excellency Mr Edward Merewether, Resident Minister to the Sultan of Selangor
- 1902: His Excellency Mr Edward Merewether, Lieutenant Governor and Chief Secretary of Malta
- 1902–1903: His Excellency Mr Edward Merewether CMG, Lieutenant Governor and Chief Secretary of Malta
- 1903–1907: His Excellency Mr Edward Merewether CVO CMG, Lieutenant Governor and Chief Secretary of Malta
- 1907–1911: His Excellency Sir Edward Merewether KCVO CMG, Lieutenant Governor and Chief Secretary of Malta
- 1911–1916: His Excellency Sir Edward Merewether KCVO CMG, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Sierra Leone
- 1916: His Excellency Sir Edward Merewether KCMG KCVO, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Sierra Leone
- 1916–1921: His Excellency Sir Edward Merewether KCMG KCVO, Governor of the Leeward Islands
- 1921 – 28 December 1938: Sir Edward Merewether KCMG KCVO
|Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG)||NY 1916|
|Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG)||KB 1902|
|Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO)||RV 1907|
|Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO)||RV 1903|
|King George V Coronation Medal||1911|
- C. E. Smith, 'Merewether, Edward Christopher (1820–1893)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/merewether-edward-christopher-4188/text6735, published first in hardcopy 1974, accessed online 22 January 2017.
- "No. 11460". The Edinburgh Gazette. 11 November 1902. p. 1127.
- "LINER MISSING.". The Sydney Morning Herald (24,357). New South Wales, Australia. 31 January 1916. p. 9. Retrieved 22 January 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- The Times (36780). London. 29 May 1902. p. 8. Missing or empty
- "No. 27498". The London Gazette. 25 November 1902. p. 7936.
- "No. 27560". The London Gazette. 2 June 1903. p. 3525.
- "No. 28015". The London Gazette. 23 April 1907. p. 2731.
- "No. 28474". The London Gazette. 10 March 1911. p. 2053.
- "No. 29423". The London Gazette. 31 December 1915. p. 82.
- "WAR CRUISERS AND COMMERCE DESTROYERS.". Cairns Post (11,138). Queensland, Australia. 23 October 1937. p. 15. Retrieved 21 January 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "GERMAN PRIZE.". The Sydney Morning Herald (24,361). New South Wales, Australia. 4 February 1916. p. 9. Retrieved 22 January 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
- "No. 12910". The Edinburgh Gazette. 29 February 1916. p. 344.
- "PRINCE OF WALES.". The Sydney Morning Herald (25,815). New South Wales, Australia. 30 September 1920. p. 9. Retrieved 22 January 2017 – via National Library of Australia.
Sir Gerald Strickland
as Chief Secretary
|Lieutenant Governor and Chief Secretary of Malta
as Chief Secretary
Sir Leslie Probyn
|Governor of Sierra Leone
Sir Richard James Wilkinson
Sir Henry Hesketh Joudou Bell
|Governor of the Leeward Islands
Sir Eustace Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes