Edward Merewether

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Sir Edward Marsh Merewether
KCMG, KCVO
Sir Edward Marsh Merewether.jpg
Governor of Sierra Leone
In office
8 March 1911 – January 1916
Monarch George V
Preceded by Sir Leslie Probyn
Succeeded by Sir Richard James Wilkinson
Personal details
Born (1858-09-09)9 September 1858
Meriden, Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom
Died 28 December 1938(1938-12-28) (aged 80)
Kensington, London, England, United Kingdom
Spouse(s) Honoria Clementina Mary Braddell
Alma mater Harrow School

Sir Edward Marsh Merewether KCMG KCVO (9 September 1858 – 28 December 1938) was a British colonial administrator.

Funerary monument, Brompton Cemetery, London

Early life and background[edit]

Merewether was born in Meriden, Warwickshire, England on 9 September 1858, the second son of British Indian Army officer Major General Sir William Merewether (1825–1880) and Harriett Dale. His grandfather was the Serjeant-at-law and Town Clerk of London, Henry Alworth Merewether (1780–1864). His uncle, Edward Christopher Merewether (1820–1893), was a prominent civil servant and businessman in the Colony of New South Wales and for whom the suburb of Merewether was named.[1] Merewether was educated at Harrow School.

Colonial career[edit]

Straits Settlements[edit]

After passing the civil service exam, Merewether was accepted as a cadet in the Straits Settlements Civil Service (SSCC) in 1880 and rose to become Superintendent of the Census in 1891 and Inspector of Prisons in 1893. As Assistant Colonial Secretary and Clerk of Councils from 1897, he acted on two occasions as resident Councillor and Colonial Treasurer in Malacca. In 1901 he was appointed as Resident Minister to the Sultan of Selangor, Alauddin Sulaiman Shah. For his service in the colony he was made a Companion of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George (CMG) in the 1902 Birthday Honours.[2] In 1883 he married Honoria Clementina Mary Braddell, the daughter of the first Attorney-General of Singapore, Sir Thomas Braddell.[3]

Malta[edit]

He was appointed Lieutenant Governor and Chief Secretary to the Government of Malta in May 1902,[4] serving until 1911.[5] He was made a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) on 21 April 1903, on the occasion of King Edward VII's visit to Malta.[6] When the King visited Malta again in April 1907, Merewether was promoted to Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO).[7]

Sierra Leone[edit]

In March 1911, Merewether was appointed Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Sierra Leone.[8] In the 1916 New Year Honours, he was made a Knight Commander of the Order of Saint Michael and Saint George (KCMG).[9] Merewether's term expired in early 1916 and was due to return to England on board the British and African Steamer, SS Appam, but was taken prisoner when the ship was captured by the Imperial German Navy raider SMS Möwe on 15 January 1916. He and his wife were released when the Appam arrived under control of its German prize crew in Norfolk, Virginia, in early February.[10][11]

Later life[edit]

Merewether was lastly appointed as Governor of the Leeward Islands, serving from 1916 to 1921.[12] In September 1920, he entertained Edward, Prince of Wales at Government House, Antigua on the occasion of his visit to the West Indies.[13]

He died in Kensington, London, on 28 December 1938.

Titles, styles and honours[edit]

Viceregal styles of
Sir Edward Merewether
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
Reference style His Excellency
Spoken style Your Excellency
Alternative style Sir

Titles[edit]

  • 9 September 1858 – 1901: Edward Merewether, Esq
  • 1901–1902: His Excellency Mr Edward Merewether, Resident Minister to the Sultan of Selangor
  • 1902: His Excellency Mr Edward Merewether, Lieutenant Governor and Chief Secretary of Malta
  • 1902–1903: His Excellency Mr Edward Merewether CMG, Lieutenant Governor and Chief Secretary of Malta
  • 1903–1907: His Excellency Mr Edward Merewether CVO CMG, Lieutenant Governor and Chief Secretary of Malta
  • 1907–1911: His Excellency Sir Edward Merewether KCVO CMG, Lieutenant Governor and Chief Secretary of Malta
  • 1911–1916: His Excellency Sir Edward Merewether KCVO CMG, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Sierra Leone
  • 1916: His Excellency Sir Edward Merewether KCMG KCVO, Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Sierra Leone
  • 1916–1921: His Excellency Sir Edward Merewether KCMG KCVO, Governor of the Leeward Islands
  • 1921 – 28 December 1938: Sir Edward Merewether KCMG KCVO

Honours[edit]

Ord.St.Michele-Giorgio.png Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) NY 1916
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) KB 1902
Royal Victorian Order UK ribbon.png Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) RV 1907
Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) RV 1903
King George V Coronation Medal ribbon.png King George V Coronation Medal 1911

References[edit]

  1. ^ C. E. Smith, 'Merewether, Edward Christopher (1820–1893)', Australian Dictionary of Biography, National Centre of Biography, Australian National University, http://adb.anu.edu.au/biography/merewether-edward-christopher-4188/text6735, published first in hardcopy 1974, accessed online 22 January 2017.
  2. ^ "No. 11460". The Edinburgh Gazette. 11 November 1902. p. 1127. 
  3. ^ "LINER MISSING.". The Sydney Morning Herald (24,357). New South Wales, Australia. 31 January 1916. p. 9. Retrieved 22 January 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  4. ^ The Times (36780). London. 29 May 1902. p. 8.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. ^ "No. 27498". The London Gazette. 25 November 1902. p. 7936. 
  6. ^ "No. 27560". The London Gazette. 2 June 1903. p. 3525. 
  7. ^ "No. 28015". The London Gazette. 23 April 1907. p. 2731. 
  8. ^ "No. 28474". The London Gazette. 10 March 1911. p. 2053. 
  9. ^ "No. 29423". The London Gazette. 31 December 1915. p. 82. 
  10. ^ "WAR CRUISERS AND COMMERCE DESTROYERS.". Cairns Post (11,138). Queensland, Australia. 23 October 1937. p. 15. Retrieved 21 January 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  11. ^ "GERMAN PRIZE.". The Sydney Morning Herald (24,361). New South Wales, Australia. 4 February 1916. p. 9. Retrieved 22 January 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  12. ^ "No. 12910". The Edinburgh Gazette. 29 February 1916. p. 344. 
  13. ^ "PRINCE OF WALES.". The Sydney Morning Herald (25,815). New South Wales, Australia. 30 September 1920. p. 9. Retrieved 22 January 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Gerald Strickland
as Chief Secretary
Lieutenant Governor and Chief Secretary of Malta
1902–1911
Succeeded by
John Clauson
as Chief Secretary
Preceded by
Sir Leslie Probyn
Governor of Sierra Leone
1911–1916
Succeeded by
Sir Richard James Wilkinson
Preceded by
Sir Henry Hesketh Joudou Bell
Governor of the Leeward Islands
1916–1921
Succeeded by
Sir Eustace Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes