Edward Mortimer Archibald
Sir Edward Mortimer Archibald, KCMG (10 May 1810 – 8 February 1884) was a British diplomat, a lawyer and an office holder active during the transition to responsible government in the colony of Newfoundland.
Archibald was born in Truro, Nova Scotia, the son of Samuel George William Archibald and Elizabeth Dickson. His father was a lawyer and attorney general for Nova Scotia. Archibald studied law in his father's office and was admitted to the bar of Nova Scotia in early 1831. The following October, Archibald was appointed chief clerk and registrar of the Supreme Court of Newfoundland, replacing his brother in that position. By 1833 Archibald was an acting assistant judge of the Newfoundland Supreme Court. At the same time, he took on the additional job of chief clerk of the Newfoundland General Assembly.
Beginning in 1857, Archibald served as British consul to New York, a position he held for twenty-six years until his retirement on 1 January 1883. From 1871 he also undertook the additional responsibility of acting as British consul-general for New York, New Jersey, Delaware, Rhode Island, and Connecticut.
Archibald married Catherine Elizabeth Richardson, on 10 September 1834 at Truro, Nova Scotia. Catherine bore him six children, but only one son, Edward. The last child was a daughter, Edith Archibald, who became a suffragist and writer. Archibald died from pneumonia in Steyning, Sussex and is buried in the Brighton Extra Mural Cemetery.
- "Sir Edward Mortimer Archibald" The Peerage.com
- Staff (30 January 1883) "An Honor Well Deserved; a Banquet to Sir Edward M. Archibald" The New York Times
- Eaton, Arthur Wentworth Hamilton (1910) "Edward Mortimer Archibald" The History of Kings County, Nova Scotia, heart of the Acadian land, giving a sketch of the French and their expulsion; and a history of the New England planters who came in their stead, with many genealogies, 1604-1910 Salem Press Company, Salem, Massachusetts, page 645, OCLC 7580267
- England & Wales, FreeBMD Death Index: 1837-1915 volume 2b, page 188
- Works by or about Edward Mortimer Archibald at Internet Archive
- Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
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