Edward N. Hines
As a cyclist in 1890, Hines formed a Good Roads organization in Michigan which advocated for the development of county roads. This led to the passage of the County Road Law in 1893, and a change to Michigan's Constitution in 1894. During this time, Hines was president of the Detroit Wheelmen cycling club, chief consul of League of American Wheelmen's Michigan Division. He also served briefly as vice-president of the League of American Wheelmen in 1901 while fellow Detroiter Horatio Earle served as president.
Hines was appointed to the Wayne County Board of Roads at its inception in 1903, along with Henry Ford and Cass R. Benton. In 1909, Hines (in conjunction with Horatio Earle) was responsible for the construction of the first full mile of concrete road pavement in the world, the stretch of Woodward Avenue between Six Mile Road and Seven Mile Road in Detroit.
Hines originated the concept of painting a line down the center of a road to separate traffic in opposing directions. The idea came to him after watching a leaky milk wagon leave a trail down the street. Painted center lines were first used in 1911 on River Road in Trenton, in Wayne County. By 1922, all of the major roads in Wayne County had center lines. This simple idea has since been recognized as one of the most important single traffic safety devices in the history of highway transportation.
Snow removal from public roads was another of Hines' innovations.
Hines was a national leader in the concept of landscaping highway rights-of-way. He was instrumental in movements to beautify highways by eliminating power lines and billboards. In the 1920s, Hines was a leader in the movement to acquire land along the Huron River and the Rouge River for the purpose of converting them into parks. In 1937, the Middle Rouge Parkway was renamed the Edward N. Hines Parkway, in his honor. The nearly 20-mile-long (32 km) park surrounding this road is also named Edward Hines Park in his honor. The park passes through the municipalities of Dearborn, Dearborn Heights, Westland, Livonia, Plymouth Township, and Northville Township, Michigan.
In 1935, Hines was awarded the George S. Bartlett Award for outstanding contribution to highway progress.
In 2011, Hines received the Paul Mijksenaar Design for Function Award.
- Burton, Clarence Monroe (1922). The City of Detroit, Michigan, 1701–1922. S. J. Clarke. p. 131.
- Boyle, Johanna (November 7, 2011). "State Inventor of Ubiquitous Centerline Honored". The Mining Journal. Marquette, MI. pp. 1A, 6A. ISSN 0898-4964. Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. Retrieved April 17, 2012.