Edward Newton

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Edward Newton
Newton Edward 1832-1897.jpg
Born(1832-11-10)10 November 1832
Died25 April 1897(1897-04-25) (aged 64)

Sir Edward Newton KCMG (10 November 1832[1] – 25 April 1897) was a British colonial administrator and ornithologist.

He was born at Elveden Hall, Suffolk the sixth and youngest son of William Newton, MP. He was the brother of ornithologist Alfred Newton. He graduated from Magdelene College, Cambridge in 1857 and was one of the twenty founding members of the British Ornithologists' Union.[1]

Newton was the Colonial Secretary for Mauritius from 1859 to 1877. From there he sent his brother a number of specimens, including the dodo and the Rodrigues solitaire, both already extinct.

In 1878, Newton initiated the first laws anywhere specifically designed to protect indigenous land birds from persecution.

Edward was later Colonial Secretary and Lieutenant-Governor of Jamaica (1877-1883).[1][2] He married Mary Louisa Cranstoun, daughter of W.W.R. Kerr in 1869. She died in following year.[1]

He is commemorated in the binomial of the Malagasy kestrel, Falco newtoni.

Phelsuma edwardnewtoni, a species of gecko, is named in his honor.[3]


  1. ^ a b c d Anonymous (1908). "Original members: Sir Edward Newton". Ibis. 9th Series. 2 Jubilee Supplement: 117–120. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.1909.tb05250.x.
  2. ^ Wollaston AFR (1921). Life of Alfred Newton: late Professor of Comparative Anatomy, Cambridge University 1866-1907. London: Murray. p. 2.
  3. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Edward Newton", p. 80).