Edward Payson Evans

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Edward Payson Evans
Edward Payson Evans.jpg
From Hinsdale, History of the University of Michigan, p. 237.
BornDecember 8, 1831
DiedMarch 6, 1917
New York City
Academic work

Edward Payson Evans (December 8, 1831 – March 6, 1917) was a United States scholar and linguist.


His father was a Welsh Presbyterian clergyman, who came to the United States with his wife around 1830. Edward P. Evans graduated from the University of Michigan in 1854, and then taught at an academy in Hernando, Mississippi, for one year. He then became a professor at Carroll University (then Carroll College) in Waukesha, Wisconsin.

From 1858 to 1862, he traveled abroad, and studied at the universities of Göttingen, Berlin and Munich.

On his return to the United States, he became professor of modern languages in the University of Michigan. In 1868, he married Elizabeth Edson Gibson. In 1870, Evans resigned his position at Michigan and went abroad again, where he gathered materials for a history of German literature, and also made a specialty of oriental languages. He became a fixture at the Royal Library in Munich, and joined the staff of the Allgemeine Zeitung in Munich in 1884.

When World War I broke out in 1914, he returned to the United States, where he lived in Cambridge, Massachusetts and New York City.

Elizabeth Evans[edit]

Elizabeth Edson Gibson Evans (1832 – 1911) Daughter of Dr. Willard Putnam Gibson and Lucia Field Williams and was married to Edward Payson Evans in 1868. She was a contributor to Atlantic Monthly, North American Review, Nation, etc. Author of 9 books,[1] including: A History of Religions, 1892; The Christ Myth (her last book), 1900.[2]


Besides many articles in reviews and magazines, he published Abriss der deutschen Literaturgesehichte (New York, 1869) a Progressive German Reader (1870), and translated Adolf Stahr's Life and Works of Lessing (with an introduction; 2 vols., Boston, 1866), and Coquerel's First Historical Transformations of Christianity in 1867. In 1887 he published Animal Symbolism in Art and Literature and Animal symbolism in ecclesiastical architecture, and a History of German Literature in five volumes, in 1898 Evolutional ethics and animal psychology and in 1906 Criminal Prosecution and Capital Punishment of Animals.


  1. ^ Ockerbloom, John Mark. "Online Books by Elizabeth Edson Gibson Evans". The Online Books Page. Online Books Page.
  2. ^ Evans, Elizabeth E. (1900). The Christ Myth: A Study. Truth Seeker Company. p. 17. There is evidence that all the Gospels were borrowed from an earlier source, but whether that source was history or romance, and whether the author or the later compilers dressed up foreign and ancient materials in local and contemporary attire, cannot be known. The earliest "Fathers" of the Christian church do not mention nor allude to any one of the Gospels, but they do quote from some other work or works in language similar to and in substance sometimes agreeing with sometimes differing from, the canonical Gospels. (Image of p. 17 at Google Books)


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