Edward Pemberton Leach
|Sir Edward Pemberton Leach|
Gen. Sir Edward Leach
|Born||2 April 1847
County Londonderry, Ireland
|Died||27 April 1913 (aged 66)
Cadenabbia, Lake Como, Italy
|Buried at||Griante Cemetery, via Independezia, Griante|
|Years of service||1866–1912|
|Commands held||9th (Scottish) Division
Second Anglo-Afghan War
Order of the Bath
Royal Victorian Order
General Sir Edward Pemberton Leach VC KCB KCVO (2 April 1847 – 27 April 1913) was an Irish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
He was 31 years old, and a captain in the Corps of Royal Engineers, British Army and with Bengal Sappers and Miners (British Indian Army) during the Second Anglo-Afghan War when the following deed took place on 17 March 1879 near Maidanah, Afghanistan for which he was awarded the VC.
For having, in action with the Shinwarris near Maidanah, Afghanistan, on 17 March 1879, when covering the retirement of the Survey Escort who were carrying Lieutenant Barclay, 45th Sikhs, mortally wounded, behaved with the utmost gallantry in charging, with some men of the 45th Sikhs, a very much larger number of the enemy. In this encounter Captain Leach killed two or three of the enemy himself, and he received a severe wound from an Afghan knife in the left arm. Captain Leach's determination and gallantry in this affair, in attacking and driving back the enemy from the last position, saved the whole party from annihilation.
After this incident promotion followed and he was made Commander of 24 Field Company during the Suakin Expedition in 1885. He was promoted to Major-General on 1 October 1897. By 1899 he was General Officer Commanding Belfast in which capacity he founded the Ballykinlar training camp. He was appointed General Officer Commanding the 9th Division within Third Army Corps in Ireland on 1 April 1902, and served until 1905. Later that year, he was appointed General Officer Commanding-in-Chief for Scottish Command where he served from 1905 to 1909 before he retired in 1912.
- Royal Engineers Museum
- The Royal Engineers Museum - Victoria Crosses held by the Royal Engineers Museum Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
- "no. 24790". The London Gazette. 9 December 1879. p. 7265. Retrieved 20 October 2009.
- "no. 27434". The London Gazette. 16 May 1902. p. 3254.
- Army Commands Archived 5 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
- Who's Who 1914 has his date of death as 26 April
Listed in order of publication year
- The Register of the Victoria Cross (1981, 1988 and 1997)
- Clark, Brian D. H. (1986). "A register of awards to Irish-born officers and men". The Irish Sword. XVI (64): 185–287.
- Ireland's VCs ISBN 1-899243-00-3 (Dept of Economic Development 1995)
- The Sapper VCs (Gerald Napier, 1998)
- Monuments to Courage (David Harvey, 1999)
- Irish Winners of the Victoria Cross (Richard Doherty & David Truesdale, 2000)
- Royal Engineers Museum Sappers VCs
||General Officer Commanding the 9th Division
Sir Charles Tucker
|GOC-in-C Scottish Command
Sir Bruce Hamilton