Edward Philip Livingston

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Edward Philip Livingston
Edward Philip Livingston.jpg
New York State Senate
In office
January 1, 1838 – October 9, 1839
Preceded by Alonzo C. Paige
Succeeded by Friend Humphrey
11th Lieutenant Governor of New York
In office
1831–1832
Governor Enos Thompson Throop
Preceded by William M. Oliver
Succeeded by John Tracy
New York State Senate
In office
January 1, 1824 – December 31, 1824
Preceded by Vacant
Succeeded by Richard McMichael
In office
January 1, 1823 – December 31, 1823
Preceded by New district
Succeeded by Jacob Haight
Personal details
Born November 24, 1779
Kingston, Jamaica
Died November 3, 1843(1843-11-03) (aged 63)
Clermont, Columbia County, New York
Political party Democratic-Republican
Democratic
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Stevens Livingston (m. 1799; her death 1829)
Mary Crooke Broom
(m. 1832; his death 1843)
Parents Philip Philip Livingston
Sara Johnson
Relatives See Livingston family
Alma mater Columbia College

Edward Philip Livingston (November 24, 1779 Kingston, Jamaica – November 3, 1843 Clermont, Columbia County, New York) was an American politician.[1]

Early life[edit]

He was the son of Philip Philip Livingston (1741–1787, son of Philip Livingston) and Sara (Johnson) Livingston (ca. 1749-1802). He was a grandnephew of William Livingston, Governor of New Jersey; grandson of Philip Livingston, a signer of the Declaration of Independence; first cousin once removed of Walter Livingston, Speaker of the New York State Assembly; first cousin once removed and nephew by marriage of Edward Livingston,Secretary of State; and second cousin of Henry Walter Livingston, a United States Representative from New York.[1]

Livingston was a 1796 graduate of Columbia College.

Career[edit]

After his father-in-law's death, Edward P. Livingston became the master of Clermont Manor. He resided at Clermont Manor from 1802 until the time of his death.[1] Livingston was a member of the Board of Regents of the University of the State of New York from 1827 to 1831.

He served as a Lieutenant Colonel in the militia, was aide-de-camp to Governor Dewitt Clinton, and served as Judge of the Columbia County Court of Common Pleas.[1]

He was aide to Governor Daniel D. Tompkins, and private secretary to his father-in-law Robert R. Livingston (1746–1813), then US Minister to France.[1]

New York State Senate[edit]

Edward P. Livingston was a member of the New York State Senate (Middle D.) from 1808 to 1812, and lost his seat to Martin Van Buren. He was a presidential elector in 1820, voting for James Monroe and Daniel D. Tompkins; and again a member of the State Senate (3rd D.) in 1823 and 1824.[1]

Lieutenant Governor of New York[edit]

He was proposed in 1830 for Governor of New York, but his candidacy was questioned by some opponents in the Democratic-Republican Party on the grounds that he had been born on the island of Jamaica.[1] As a naturalized citizen of New York, Livingston was eligible to run, but his foreign birth was used to prevent his nomination. Instead Enos T. Throop, who had succeeded to the governorship when Martin Van Buren became United States Secretary of State, was nominated for a full term as governor, and Livingston was nominated for lieutenant governor. Throop and Livingston won, and Livingston served from 1831 to 1832. He was again a presidential elector in 1832.

Return to NY Senate[edit]

He was again a member of the State Senate (3rd D.) in 1838 and 1839. He resigned his seat on October 9, 1839.[1]

Personal life[edit]

On November 20, 1799, he married Elizabeth Stevens Livingston (1780–1829), the eldest daughter of Chancellor Robert R. Livingston. Their children included:[1]

  • Margaret Livingston (1808–1874), who married David Augustus Clarkson (1793–1874), who were the parents of Thomas Streatfeild Clarkson (1837–1894), namesake of Clarkson University.[2]
  • Elizabeth Livingston (1813–1896), who married Edward Hunter Ludlow (1810–1884),[3] and were the grandparents of Anna Hall Roosevelt, and great-grandparents of Eleanor Roosevelt.[4]
  • Clermont Livingston (1817–1895), who married Cornelia Livingston (1824–1851), and were the parents of John Henry Livingston (1848–1927),[5] who married Catherine Livingston Hooker (d. 1867), daughter of Hon. James Hooker, and Mary Livingston (d. 1876), who married Frederic de Peyster (1843–1874), the son of Maj. Gen. John Watts de Peyster.[4]
  • Robert Edward Livingston (1820–1889), who married Susan Maria Clarkson de Peyster (1823–1910)

After the death of his wife in 1829, and while he was Lt. Governor of New York, Livingston happened to look in the gallery of the Senate Chamber in Albany, where he saw Mary Crooke Broom (1804–1877) seated, and was struck by her beauty. She was "reckoned the most beautiful girl in all this region."[6] They married in 1832.[7] She was the eldest child and daughter of William Broom and Ann Crooke Barber.[8]

Livingston died in Clermont on November 3, 1843. He was buried at Poughkeepsie Rural Cemetery in Poughkeepsie, New York.[1] Upon his death, he left Clermont Manor to his son Clermont. After his death, his second wife remarried to Judge Charles Herman Ruggles.[6][9]

Descendants[edit]

Livingston was the grandfather of Thomas Streatfeild Clarkson (1837–1894), namesake of Clarkson University.[2] He was also the great-great-grandfather of First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt.[4]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Livingston, Edwin Brockholst (1910). The Livingstons of Livingston Manor: Being the History of that Branch of the Scottish House of Callendar which Settled in the English Province of New York During the Reign of Charles the Second; and Also Including an Account of Robert Livingston of Albany, "The Nephew," a Settler in the Same Province and His Principal Descendants. Knickerbocker Press. Retrieved 18 April 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Obituary 1 -- No Title". The New York Times. 14 December 1898. Retrieved 18 April 2017. 
  3. ^ "DEATH OF EDWARD H. LUDLOW.". The New York Times. 28 November 1884. Retrieved 18 April 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record. New York Genealogical and Biographical Society. 1880. Retrieved 18 April 2017. 
  5. ^ "OBITUARY RECORD.". The New York Times. 6 November 1895. Retrieved 18 April 2017. 
  6. ^ a b Rosenblatt, Albert M. "New York Legal History / Antebellum, Civil War, & Reconstruction: 1847-1869 | CHARLES HERMAN RUGGLES 1789-1865 | Court of Appeals: 1847-1855 | Chief Judge: 1851-1853". www.courts.state.ny.us. Historical Society of the New York Courts. Retrieved 18 April 2017. 
  7. ^ "Mrs. Edward Philip Livingston (1804-1877)". nyhistory.org. New-York Historical Society. Retrieved 18 April 2017. 
  8. ^ Historical Notes of Saint James Parish, Hyde Park-on-Hudson, New York: In Commemoration of the Belated Centenary Anniversary of the Consecration of the First Parish Church, October 10, 1811. Hyde Park, New York: A.V. Haight Company. 1913. Retrieved 18 April 2017. 
  9. ^ Johnson, Rossiter; Brown, John Howard (1904). The Twentieth Century Biographical Dictionary of Notable Americans ... Biographical Soceity. Retrieved 18 April 2017. 
Sources
New York State Senate
Preceded by
new district
New York State Senate
Third District (Class 1)

1823
Succeeded by
Jacob Haight
Preceded by
vacant
New York State Senate
Third District (Class 2)

1824
Succeeded by
Richard McMichael
Political offices
Preceded by
William M. Oliver
Acting
Lieutenant Governor of New York
1831–1832
Succeeded by
John Tracy
New York State Senate
Preceded by
Alonzo C. Paige
New York State Senate
Third District (Class 3)

1838–1839
Succeeded by
Friend Humphrey