Ed Royce

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Edward R. Royce)
Jump to: navigation, search
Ed Royce
Edward Royce, official photo portrait color.jpg
Chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee
Assumed office
January 3, 2013
Preceded by Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 39th district
40th district (2003–2013)
39th district (1993–2003)
Assumed office
January 3, 1993
Preceded by William Dannemeyer
Member of the California Senate
from the 32nd district
In office
1982–1993
Preceded by John Schmitz
Succeeded by Rob Hurtt
Personal details
Born Edward Randall Royce
(1951-10-12) October 12, 1951 (age 65)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Nationality American
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Marie Porter
Education California State University, Fullerton (BS)

Edward Randall Royce (born October 12, 1951) is an American politician who currently serves as a member of the United States House of Representatives for California's 39th congressional district, and previously the 40th, serving in Congress since 1993. A member of the Republican Party, Royce became the Chairman of the United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs in 2013. He was re-elected to his seat in 2016,[1] having spent over $3.5 million on his campaign.[2]

Early life, education, and pre-congressional career[edit]

Born in Los Angeles, California, and graduating from Katella High School in Anaheim, Royce went on to earn his B.A. in Accounting and Finance in 1977 from the California State University, Fullerton. He was a business owner and corporate tax manager for a Portland cement company before becoming a California State Senator in 1983, serving in that post until his election to the U.S. House of Representatives. Royce is married to the former Marie Therese Porter, a businesswoman and former Professor at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona.

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

After redistricting following the 1990 United States Census, incumbent Republican U.S. Representative William Dannemeyer decided to retire and run for the 1992 U.S. Senate election. Royce won the Republican primary for what was then California's 39th congressional district and defeated Democrat Molly McClanahan in the general election with 57% of the vote.[3]

He won re-election to the 39th district four more times with at least 63% of the vote. After redistricting after the 2000 United States Census, his district was renumbered the 40th, and won re-election five more times, with at least 63% of the vote.[4] The district encompasses parts of Orange County, Los Angeles County, and San Bernardino County, including the cities of Fullerton, Yorba Linda, Brea, Placentia, La Habra, Buena Park, Anaheim, Diamond Bar, Walnut, Rowland Heights, Hacienda Heights, La Habra Heights and Chino Hills.[citation needed]

2012

After redistricting, Royce's home in Fullerton was drawn into the 39th district. That district had previously been the 42nd District, represented by fellow Republican Gary Miller. Royce defeated Jay Chen in the general election.[5]

Committee assignments[edit]

U.S. House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce and wife Marie meet Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen at the Presidential Office in Taipei, Taiwan in 2016

Caucus memberships[edit]

  • Human Rights Caucus
  • Congressional Military Family Caucus
  • Congressional Internet Caucus
  • House Recycling Caucus
  • Victim’s Rights Caucus
  • International Conservation Caucus
  • Congressional Caucus on Korea
  • Congressional Caucus on India and Indian Americans
  • Congressional Caucus on Vietnam
  • Taiwan Caucus
  • U.S. Philippines Friendship Caucus
  • Congressional Cement Caucus

Political positions and PACs[edit]

Royce is one of 14 GOP House Republicans in California. He has voted with his party in 97% of votes so far in the current session of Congress and voted in line with President Trump's position in 92.9% of the votes.[6] Despite this, for the 114th United States Congress, Royce was ranked as the 27th most bipartisan member of the U.S. House of Representatives (and the most bipartisan member of the U.S. House of Representatives from California) in the Bipartisan Index created by The Lugar Center and the McCourt School of Public Policy that ranks members of the United States Congress by their degree of bipartisanship (by measuring the frequency each member's bills attract co-sponsors from the opposite party and each member's co-sponsorship of bills by members of the opposite party).[7] Over his career, Royce has received nearly $7 million from PACs.[8] In the 2016 race, he raised over $4.2 million and spent over $3.5 million.[2]

His campaign committee received funds from Northwest Excavating, Duetche Bank, Morgan Stanley and NorPac. The Sunlight Foundation gave Royce's web site a 24 percent rating for transparency,[9] with 40 percent being considered a passing score. Royce's website highlights support from conservative groups such as 60 Plus[10] and business organizations such as the National Taxpayers Union and Citizens Against Government Waste. He received praise from the American Share Holders Association, Citizens for a Sound Economy, and the Small Business Survival Committee.[11]

For the 113th Congress, the Washington Post named Royce as one of the “10 most effective lawmakers in the U.S. Congress”, citing his authorship of the Global Anti-Poaching Act (H.R. 2494) and the Hizballah International Financing Prevention Act of 2015 (H.R. 2297).[citation needed]

Support for Donald Trump[edit]

In February 2017, he voted against a resolution that would have directed the House to request 10 years of Trump's tax returns, which would then have been reviewed by the House Ways and Means Committee in a closed session.[12]

Domestic policy[edit]

Royce's voting record, his scores on VoteMatch, and ratings by the Cato Institute indicate mixed or moderate positions on free trade,[13][14] privatization of social security, campaign finance,[13] and tax reform.[14]

Banking deregulation, business issues[edit]

One of Royce's early signature issues was banking deregulation. He has sponsored legislation on tax policy, small businesses, and credit. Many of his biggest campaign contributors have been banks: his five top contributors in 2006 were Credit Union National Assn, Irvine Co., Wells Fargo, Orange County Teachers Fed Credit Union, and GUS plc. He is among the representatives receiving the largest percentage of their campaign contributions from the banking industry.[15]

On November 13, 2013, Royce introduced the Credit Union Share Insurance Fund Parity Act (H.R. 3468; 113th Congress) into the House.[16] The bill would expand federal deposit insurance to include Interest on Lawyer Trust Accounts (IOLTAs) and similar escrow accounts housed within credit unions.[17]

Taxes and budgets[edit]

He has received 14 "Taxpayer Friend Awards" from the National Taxpayers' Union.[18] Royce opposes funding for the Overseas Private Investment Corporation (OPIC).[19] Royce has posited that these overseas investments expose taxpayers to a serious potential liability, just like the S&L crisis did.[20]

Social issues and Islam[edit]

Royce is a social conservative,[13] having voted against same-sex marriage and gay adoption, and in favor of school prayer and school vouchers.[14] He has a 92 percent rating from the Christian Coalition in terms of his voting record on families and children.[14] He is pro-life,[13] his votes resulting in NARAL's most consistent possible score.[14] He has voted in favor of a constitutional amendment forbidding flag burning, and in favor of making the USA PATRIOT Act permanent. He has an A rating from the NRA.[14]

Royce was criticized for attending a rally in his home county, in which members of anti-Muslim groups chanted at Muslim-American families attending Islamic charity event that they should "go home." Royce replied that the anti-Muslim chants were done by provocateurs, not the main group of protesters. He disavowed the chants, saying "those remarks and conduct were disrespectful and offensive".[21][22] Royce supports President Trump's Executive Order 13769.[23]

Victims' rights[edit]

As a state senator[24] he supported President Clinton's anti-stalking legislation. 14 years ago, in 2003, he sponsored one bill as US representative related to victims.[25]

Health Care[edit]

On May 4, 2017, he voted to repeal the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) and pass the American Health Care Act.[26][27]

Foreign policy[edit]

In foreign policy, Royce's voting record has earned a 0% rating from the peace organization SANE.[14] In 2011, Royce voted against the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 as part of a controversial provision that allows the government and the military to indefinitely detain American citizens and others without trial.[28]

North Korea[edit]

Congressmen Royce, Jay Kim and House Speaker Newt Gingrich face North Korea from the Joint Security Area in 1997

Royce serves as a senior member of the Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on Asia. He and has been especially involved in policy regarding North Korea, working on issues such as human rights, counterfeiting of U.S. currency, nuclear proliferation,[29] and stopping repatriation of refugees.[30] Royce's district includes Fullerton, which has a large population of Korean immigrants.[citation needed] During a slow-rolling crisis in 2017 between the US and North Korea, Royce introduced legislation expanding sanctions against North Korea and requiring that its designation as a state sponsor of terror be reinstated.[31]

Conflicts in Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya, and Yemen[edit]

Royce was a vigorous supporter of the US wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. In 2002, he voted in favor of authorizing President George W. Bush to use force in Iraq.[32] In 2003, he voted yes on an emergency appropriation of $78 billion for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.[14] From 2003-06, he voted in favor of the annual supplemental spending bill to continue funding for the Iraq war.[32][33] In 2005, he voted against Amendment 214 to HR 1815, which called on Bush to develop a plan for withdrawing U.S. troops from Iraq; in favor of Amendment 488 to HR 2601 to keep troops in Iraq; and in favor of HR 612 opposing a timetable for withdrawal of troops from Iraq.[34] In 2006, he voted for HR 861, a resolution labeling the war in Iraq as part of a global war against terrorism.[32]

He has supported U.S. broadcasting efforts in Asia, initiating legislation to create Radio Free Asia and Radio Free Afghanistan on the model of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty.[35] Royce had a mixed voting record on the 2011 US involvement in Libya.[36] In 2015, he supported the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen.[37]

Terrorism and nonproliferation[edit]

Royce is the Chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, previously serving as a Chair of the Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade in the 112th Congress. In previous Congresses, Royce served as chairman of the International Relations Subcommittee on International Terrorism and Nonproliferation. During his tenure as Chairman of the Subcommittee on International Terrorism and Nonproliferation, Royce held hearings on Islamic terrorist threats and weapons of mass destruction. Royce led efforts in the House to either secure or destroy shoulder-fired missiles around the world that otherwise may be susceptible to terrorists. In the summer of 2006, he held congressional hearings in San Diego, California and Laredo, Texas, focusing on border vulnerabilities and international terrorism.,[38][39][40][41]

Africa[edit]

Royce was formerly chair of the Africa Subcommittee. He co-led, with Colin Powell, a delegation to observe Nigeria's historic elections in 1999 and led a delegation to Darfur to bring attention to the ongoing genocide in 2005 and led efforts in the House to bring Charles Taylor, the former President of Liberia, to stand trial before the Special Court of Sierra Leone.[42][43]

Legislation[edit]

On April 26, 2013, Royce introduced the North Korea Sanctions Enforcement Act of 2013 (H.R. 1771; 113th Congress), a bill that would increase U.S. sanctions on North Korea.[44] Royce said that "by shutting down North Korea's illicit activities, we deprive the Kim regime of the money he needs to pay his generals and to conduct nuclear weapons research."[45] Royce also argued that "North Korea is undoubtedly one of the most significant security threats that we here face and our allies face."[45]

On June 27, 2013, Royce introduced the Electrify Africa Act of 2013 (H.R. 2548; 113th Congress), a bill that would direct the President to establish a multiyear strategy to assist countries in sub-Saharan Africa develop an appropriate mix of power solutions to provide sufficient electricity access to people living in rural and urban areas in order to alleviate poverty and drive economic growth.[46]

On November 13, 2013, Royce introduced the Taiwan Relations Act Affirmation and Naval Vessel Transfer Act of 2014 (H.R. 3470; 113th Congress) into the House.[47] The bill would allow the sale of several Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigates to Mexico, Thailand, and Taiwan.[47] Four naval vessels would be sold to Taiwan for about $10 million each.[48] Mexico and Thailand would each receive two vessels as a grant.[47] Royce argued in favor of the bill saying that "these ships would bolster Taiwan's defense."[49] Royce also said that "these transfers help support the priorities of the U.S. Navy while strengthening the capability of allies and our close partners to meet our share maritime security objectives."[49]

Awards and honors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 Election results: U.S. Senate, House and California legislature". The Orange County Register. Retrieved 2017-03-26. 
  2. ^ a b "Rep. Ed Royce: Campaign Finance/Money - Elections - Representative Career". opensecrets.org. Retrieved 2017-03-26. 
  3. ^ "CA District 39 Race". Our Campaigns. November 3, 1992. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  4. ^ "Candidate - Edward R. Royce". Our Campaigns. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  5. ^ "Representative Edward 'Ed' R. Royce's Political Positions". VoteSmart. VoteSmart. Retrieved September 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ Bycoffe, Aaron (2017-01-30). "Tracking Edward R. Royce In The Age Of Trump". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 2017-02-18. 
  7. ^ The Lugar Center - McCourt School Bipartisan Index (PDF), The Lugar Center, March 7, 2016, retrieved April 30, 2017 
  8. ^ "Rep. Ed Royce: Campaign Finance/Money - Summary". opensecrets.org. Retrieved 2017-03-26. 
  9. ^ Congressional Web Site Investigation Project: Sunlight Foundation Archived September 27, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-12-11. Retrieved 2007-08-13. 
  11. ^ "Royce". Edroyce.com. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  12. ^ "These are all the Republicans who don’t want you to see Donald Trump’s tax returns". indy100. 2017-02-28. Retrieved 2017-03-01. 
  13. ^ a b c d Ed Royce profile, issues2000.org; accessed April 3, 2017.
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h Ed Royce on the Issues, ontheissues.org; accessed April 3, 2017.
  15. ^ Races to Watch IX: Wall Street’s Favorite Candidates – OpenSecrets Blog, OpenSecrets.org; accessed April 3, 2017.
  16. ^ "H.R. 3468 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  17. ^ "CBO – H.R. 3468". Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved May 4, 2014. 
  18. ^ Government Bytes: The Official Blog of National Taxpayers Union, blog.ntu.org; accessed April 3, 2017.
  19. ^ Corporate Welfare OPIC, progress.org; accessed April 3, 2017.
  20. ^ Corporate Welfare Reform, reason.com; accessed April 3, 2017.
  21. ^ Adams, Richard (2011-03-03). "The ugly face of Islamophobia in Orange County, California". London, UK: Guardian. Retrieved 2011-03-03. 
  22. ^ Bell, Melissa. "Anti-Muslim videos spark anger; pro-Muslim rally planned for March 6 (#mar6)". Washington Post. Retrieved 2011-03-04. 
  23. ^ "The Washington Post". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-05-04. 
  24. ^ Phinney, David (September 24, 1996). "Clinton Signs O.C.-Born Bill Outlawing Stalking". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 12, 2015. 
  25. ^ Royce legislation, stalkingalert.com; accessed April 3, 2017.
  26. ^ "How the House voted to pass the GOP health-care bill". Washington Post. Retrieved 2017-05-04. 
  27. ^ "Health care vote puts pressure on dozens of vulnerable GOP reps". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2017-05-04. 
  28. ^ Connor Adams Sheets (2011-10-27). "NDAA Bill: How Did Your Congress Member Vote?". Ibtimes.com. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  29. ^ "Kim the Counterfeiter," by Ed Royce, March 10, 2007, http://www.wsj.com
  30. ^ Green Light on U.S. Legislation to Help North Korean Refugees in China, dailynk.com; accessed April 3, 2017.
  31. ^ Dagyum Ji (2017-03-22). "New North Korea sanctions bill introduced to U.S. House of Representatives". North Korea News. Retrieved 2017-05-04. 
  32. ^ a b c Legislative Resources, unitedforpeace.org; accessed April 3, 2017.
  33. ^ January 2007 – House Of Representative Voting Records, Voices for Creative Nonviolence CIV website; accessed April 3, 2017.
  34. ^ Profile, peace-action.org; accessed April 3, 2017.
  35. ^ Radio Free Afghanistan Celebrates Five Years Of Broadcasting, Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty; accessed April 3, 2017.
  36. ^ "Ed Royce - Libya". Thepoliticalguide.com. Retrieved 2017-04-03. 
  37. ^ "Saudi Arabia Gets Bipartisan Backing for Yemen Airstrikes". USNews.com. March 27, 2015. Archived from the original on 2015-03-28. 
  38. ^ "Conservative Columnists with Political News Commentary, Analysis". Townhall.com. Retrieved 3 April 2017. 
  39. ^ "GOP Hearing Alleges Risks Of Terrorism Along Border". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2017-05-04. 
  40. ^ Preston, Julia (July 6, 2006). "House and Senate Hold Immigration Hearings". Nytimes.com. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  41. ^ Hastings, Karen; Preston, Julia (July 8, 2006). "Threat of Terrorist Crossings Is Stressed at Border Hearing". Nytimes.com. Retrieved April 3, 2017. 
  42. ^ Royce, Ed (May 5, 2005). "Bring Charles Taylor to Justice". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 3 April 2017. 
  43. ^ "Royce, Bipartisan Group of Lawmakers Call for Charles Taylor to be Brought to Justice". Archived from the original on November 20, 2006. Retrieved October 9, 2008. 
  44. ^ "H.R. 1771 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  45. ^ a b Marcos, Cristina (July 28, 2014). "House passes bill to toughen North Korea sanctions". The Hill. Retrieved July 30, 2014. 
  46. ^ "H.R. 2548 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved May 6, 2014. 
  47. ^ a b c "H.R. 3470 – Summary". United States Congress. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  48. ^ "H.R. 3470 – CBO" (PDF). Congressional Budget Office. Retrieved April 5, 2014. 
  49. ^ a b Marcos, Cristina (April 7, 2014). "House approves sale of missile frigates to Taiwan". The Hill. Retrieved April 8, 2014. 
  50. ^ Huang, Kelven; Hou, Elaine (March 13, 2015). "President confers medal on U.S. congressman for supporting Taiwan". Central News Agency. Retrieved March 14, 2015. 

External links[edit]

California Senate
Preceded by
John Schmitz
Member of the California Senate
from the 32nd district

1982–1993
Succeeded by
Rob Hurtt
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
William Dannemeyer
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 39th congressional district

1993–2003
Succeeded by
Linda Sánchez
Preceded by
Jerry Lewis
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 40th congressional district

2003–2013
Succeeded by
Lucille Roybal-Allard
Preceded by
Linda Sánchez
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from California's 39th congressional district

2013–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
Chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee
2013–present
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Lucille Roybal-Allard
United States Representatives by seniority
44th
Succeeded by
Bobby Rush