Edward Sassoon

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Edward Sassoon
Edward Sassoon Vanity Fair 1900-02-01.jpg
"Hythe"
Sassoon as caricatured by Spy (Leslie Ward) in Vanity Fair, February 1900
Born (1856-06-20)20 June 1856
Bombay, India
Died 24 May 1912(1912-05-24) (aged 55)
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Aline Caroline de Rothschild (m. 1887)
Children Philip Albert Gustave David (b. 1888)
Sybil Rachel Bettie Cécile, Marchioness of Cholmondeley (b. 1894)
Parent(s) Albert Sassoon and Hannah Moise

Sir Edward Albert Sassoon, 2nd Baronet (20 June 1856 – 24 May 1912) was a British businessman and politician.

Early life[edit]

A member of the Sassoon family, he was born on 20 June 1856 in Bombay, India. He was the son of Hannah Moise and Albert Abdullah David Sassoon (1818–1896). He graduated from the University of London. He served as a major in the Middlesex Yeomanry (Duke of Cambridge's Hussars).

Career[edit]

He was elected as the Liberal Unionist Party Member of Parliament (MP) for Hythe in March 1899. Active in Jewish community affairs, he served as a vice-president of Jews' College, London and the Anglo-Jewish Association.

He succeeded to the baronetcy in 1896 on the death of his father.

Wireless telegraphy bill[edit]

On 13 July 1910, Sassoon proposed a bill in the House of Commons that would make installation of wireless telegraphy on passenger ships compulsory.[1] Opposition to the bill was led by Thomas Gibson Bowles, who argued that the expense involved for shipping lines would make them less competitive and the bill failed.[2] It would take the sinking of the Titanic two years later and the resulting 1914 International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea to make Sassoon's proposal a reality.[3]

Personal life[edit]

In 1887, he married Aline Caroline de Rothschild (1867–1909), daughter of Baron Gustave de Rothschild and Cécile Anspach from Paris. They had two children:

He died in 1912 at the age of fifty-five. His body was placed in a mausoleum in an Indian style, behind his house at Eastern Terrace, Brighton. The Sassoon Mausoleum had been built in 1876 by his father as a family resting place. However, there were no more burials after 1933, when it was emptied and sold, becoming first a furniture store, then a decorator's, next a restaurant and finally the ballroom of the Hanbury Arms public house. In 2006, the building was again sold to be converted to a private members' club.

His great-great-grandson is actor Jack Huston.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wireless Telegraph Installation (Passenger ships)". Hansard. Retrieved 22 July 2017. 
  2. ^ Booth, John; Coughlan, Sean (1993). Titanic - Signals of Disaster. White Star Publications. p. 5. ISBN 0951819011. 
  3. ^ Text of the Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, Signed at London, January 20, 1914 [with Translation.], London: His Majesty's Stationery Office by Harrison and Sons, 1914, p. 73 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir James Bevan Edwards
Member of Parliament for Hythe
18991912
Succeeded by
Philip Sassoon
Baronetage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Albert Abdullah David Sassoon
Baronet
(of Kensington Gore, London)
1896–1912
Succeeded by
Philip Sassoon