Edward Simpson (naval officer)

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Edward Simpson
Born (1824-03-03)March 3, 1824
New York City, New York
Died December 1, 1888(1888-12-01) (aged 64)
Washington, D.C.
Allegiance  United States
Union
Service/branch United States Navy
Union Navy
Years of service 1840-1886
Rank USN Rear Admiral rank insignia.jpg Rear Admiral
Unit USS Passaic
USS Isonomia
President of the Naval Advisory Board
President of the Board of Inspection and Survey
Battles/wars Mexican-American War
American Civil War

Edward Simpson (March 3, 1824 – December 1, 1888) served as an officer in the United States Navy during the Mexican-American War and the American Civil War, eventually attaining the rank of rear admiral. His service included being assigned as commanding officer of several Navy ships and serving with distinction in various shore assignments.

Early life[edit]

Edward Simpson was born on March 3, 1824 in New York City, New York.

U.S. Navy career[edit]

Simpson was appointed midshipman in the United States Navy in February 1840, shortly before his sixteenth birthday. He served afloat until late 1845, when he became a member of the first class of midshipmen to be trained at the new United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, Maryland.

Pre-Civil War service[edit]

After graduation on July 9, 1846, Simpson reported to USS Vixen and participated in numerous bombardments during the Mexican-American War.

During the next 15 years, he served afloat in the Brazil Squadron and the China Squadron and with the U.S. Coast Survey, and ashore in two tours at the U.S. Naval Academy: first as gunnery instructor, then in 1860 as head of the department of ordnance and gunnery.

Civil War service[edit]

In May 1861, shortly after the outbreak of the American Civil War, Simpson moved with the Naval Academy to Newport, Rhode Island, where it was relocated for the duration of the war. In 1862 he became Commandant of Midshipmen.

In June 1863 he took command of the monitor, USS Passaic. He participated in bombardments at Charleston, South Carolina from July to November 1863. From July to December 1864, he commanded Isonomia in the East Gulf Blockading Squadron; and, then served from February to April 1865 as Fleet Captain of the West Gulf Blockading Squadron and of the forces attacking Mobile, Alabama.

Post-war activity[edit]

After the war, he alternated tours of command ashore and afloat with tours of ordnance duty, including a mission to Europe in 1870-72, and command of the Naval Torpedo Station in 1873 and again from 1874 to 1875. As of 1880, he was the officer in charge of the naval station in New London, Connecticut. In 1883, he was appointed president of a board to select a site for a government gun factory and made another study trip to Europe.

Promoted to Rear Admiral on February 9, 1884, he served as President of the Naval Advisory Board and President of the Board of Inspection and Survey until his retirement on March 3, 1886.

Post-Navy career[edit]

Rear Admiral Simpson died in Washington, D.C., December 1, 1888.

Promotions[edit]

  • Midshipman - 11 February 1840
  • Passed Midshipman - 11 July 1846
  • Master - 10 July 1854
  • Lieutenant - 18 April 1855
  • Lieutenant Commander - 16 July 1862
  • Commander - 3 March 1865
  • Captain - 15 August 1870
  • Commodore - 26 April 1878
  • Rear Admiral - 9 February 1884
  • Retired List - 3 March 1886

Honored in ship naming[edit]

The destroyer USS Simpson (DD-221), commissioned on November 3, 1920, was named for in his honor.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.