Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby
Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby KG (21 April 1775 – 30 June 1851), styled Lord Stanley from 1776 to 1832 and known as The Lord Stanley from 1832 to 1834, was an English politician, peer, landowner, builder, farmer, art collector, and naturalist. The Derbyan parakeet, Psittacula derbiana, is named after him.
On 10 November 1796, he was appointed a deputy lieutenant of Lancashire. He was commissioned the colonel of the 1st Battalion of the Lancashire Supplementary Militia on 1 March 1797; this regiment subsequently became the 2nd Regiment Royal Lancashire Militia. He was breveted as a colonel in the regular Army with seniority from that date, retaining the rank until his regiment was disembodied, which occurred at the end of 1799. He resigned his commission as colonel on 13 April 1847.
After receiving his education at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge, Lord Stanley was Member of Parliament for Preston and Lancashire from 1796 to 1832, when he was ennobled as Baron Stanley of Bickerstaffe, of Bickerstaffe in the County Palatine of Lancaster. In 1834 he succeeded his father as 13th Earl of Derby and withdrew from politics, instead concentrating on his natural history collection at Knowsley Hall, near Liverpool. He had a large collection of living animals: at his death there were 1,272 birds and 345 mammals at Knowsley, shipped to England by explorers such as Joseph Burke.
Lord Derby was also the patron of the writer Edward Lear.
- "no. 13978". The London Gazette. 7 February 1797. p. 133.
- "no. 13989". The London Gazette. 4 March 1797. p. 228.
- Whalley, Joseph Lawson (1888). History of the old county regiment of the Royal Lancashire Militia. Simpkin, Marshall. pp. 145, 167.
- "no. 15066". The London Gazette. 29 September 1798. p. 923.
- "Stanley, Lord Edward (Smith) (STNY792E)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Derby
- Stanley, Edward Smith, thirteenth earl of Derby (formerly Lord Stanley) (1775–1851), politician and naturalist by Clemency Thorne Fisher in Dictionary of National Biography
- "Archival material relating to Edward Smith-Stanley, 13th Earl of Derby". UK National Archives.
- The TAL & Dai-ichi Life Derby Collection at the State Library of New South Wales