Edward Stanley (bishop)

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The Right Reverend
Edward Stanley
Bishop of Norwich
Bp Edward Stanley by Friedrich Bischoff.jpg
Diocese Diocese of Norwich
In office 1837–1849
Predecessor Henry Bathurst
Successor Samuel Hinds
Personal details
Born (1779-01-01)1 January 1779
Died 6 September 1849(1849-09-06) (aged 70)
Nationality British
Denomination Anglican
Spouse Catherine Leycester
Alma mater St John's College, Cambridge
An 1803 portrait of Bishop Stanley by James Green.

Edward Stanley FRS (1 January 1779 – 6 September 1849) was an English clergyman who served as Bishop of Norwich between 1837 and 1849. He set about combating laxity and want of discipline among the clergy.

Early life[edit]

Born in London into a notable Cheshire family, Stanley was the second son of Sir John Stanley, 6th Baronet, and the younger brother of John Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley of Alderley.

Educated at St John's College, Cambridge (16th wrangler, 1802), he was ordained in 1802 and three years later became rector of Alderley, Cheshire, a position he held for the next 32 years.[1] While there he took a great interest in education, and encouraged especially the teaching of secular subjects at his school.

Episcopal discipline[edit]

In 1837 he was consecrated Bishop of Norwich. The diocese at this time was conspicuous for laxity and want of discipline, which he proceeded to remedy, although at first he met with much opposition. Ordinations and confirmations were held more regularly and frequently, schools were properly inspected, the Plurality Act (which prohibited the holding of more than one benefice by a clergyman except in certain cases) was enforced and undesirable clergy were removed. He was tolerant towards Dissenters and supported all missionary undertakings without regard for their sectarian associations. In politics he was a Liberal and devoted himself especially to educational questions.

Other work[edit]

Stanley's letters, Before and after Waterloo (edited by JH Adeane and M Grenfell, 1907), are of interest to students of Napoleonic history.

Bishop Stanley was the original Patron of the Ipswich Museum, and presided at its opening in 1847. An oil portrait is displayed in the Museum.[2]

From 1837 to 1849 he was President of the Linnean Society.

Death and succession[edit]

Edward Stanley is buried in the nave of Norwich cathedral. He had married Catherine, eldest daughter of Oswald Leycester (another notable Cheshire family) in 1810. They had five children, including Owen Stanley, Arthur Penrhyn Stanley and Mary Stanley.

He was succeeded by Samuel Hinds, an Anglo-Catholic with strong associations with the Maoris of New Zealand, notably the Ngati Kuri and Te Patu tribes.

Cultural reference[edit]

Stanley appears as a character in Alan Garner's novel Strandloper.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stanley, Edward (STNY798E)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ R. A. D. Markham, A Rhino in High Street (Ipswich Borough Council 1991).

External links[edit]

Church of England titles
Preceded by
Henry Bathurst
Bishop of Norwich
1837–1849
Succeeded by
Samuel Hinds