Edward Stanley (bishop)
|The Right Reverend|
|Bishop of Norwich|
|Diocese||Diocese of Norwich|
|Born||1 January 1779|
|Died||6 September 1849(aged 70)|
|Alma mater||St John's College, Cambridge|
Edward Stanley, FRS (1 January 1779 – 6 September 1849) was an English clergyman who served as Bishop of Norwich between 1837 and 1849. He set about combating laxity and want of discipline among the clergy.
Born in London into a notable Cheshire family, Stanley was the second son of Sir John Thomas Stanley FRSE, 6th Baronet of Alderley, and the younger brother of John Stanley, 1st Baron Stanley of Alderley.
Educated at St John's College, Cambridge (16th wrangler, 1802), he was ordained in 1802 and three years later became rector of Alderley, Cheshire, a position he held for the next 32 years. While there he took a great interest in education, and encouraged especially the teaching of secular subjects at his school.
In 1837 he was consecrated Bishop of Norwich and appointed Clerk of the Closet, holding both positions until his death. The diocese at this time was conspicuous for laxity and want of discipline, which he proceeded to remedy, although at first he met with much opposition. Ordinations and confirmations were held more regularly and frequently, schools were properly inspected, the Plurality Act (which prohibited the holding of more than one benefice by a clergyman except in certain cases) was enforced and undesirable clergy were removed. He was tolerant towards Dissenters and supported all missionary undertakings without regard for their sectarian associations. In politics he was a Liberal and devoted himself especially to educational questions.
Stanley's letters, Before and after Waterloo (edited by J. H. Adeane and M. Grenfell, 1907), are of interest to students of Napoleonic history.
Bishop Stanley was the original Patron of the Ipswich Museum and presided at its opening in 1847. A portrait of him in oils is displayed there. From 1837 to 1849 he was President of the Linnean Society.
Death and succession
Edward Stanley died in 1849 and was buried in the nave of Norwich cathedral. He had married Catherine, eldest daughter of Oswald Leycester (another notable Cheshire family) in 1810. They had five children, including Owen Stanley, Arthur Penrhyn Stanley and Mary Stanley.
He was succeeded by Samuel Hinds, a broad-churchman with strong associations with the Maoris of New Zealand, notably the Ngati Kuri and Te Patu tribes.
- "Stanley, Edward (STNY798E)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- R. A. D. Markham, A Rhino in High Street (Ipswich Borough Council 1991).
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Stanley, Edward". Encyclopædia Britannica. 25 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 779.
- Works by Edward Stanley at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Edward Stanley at Internet Archive
- Prothero, Rowland Edmund (1898). "Edward Stanley (1779-1849)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 54. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
|Church of England titles|
| Bishop of Norwich
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