Edward Summer (March 18, 1946 – November 13, 2014) was an American painter, motion picture director, screenwriter, internet publisher, magazine editor, journalist and science writer, comic book writer, novelist, book designer, actor, cinematographer, motion picture editor, documentary filmmaker, film festival founder, and educator. He died on November 13, 2014.
Among his better known works are the collection of Carl Barks stories Uncle Scrooge McDuck: His Life and Times, the Dinosaur Interplanetary Gazette (one of the pioneering online magazines), the first motion picture based upon Robert E. Howard's character Conan the Barbarian, the novel Teefr, and a prequel The Legend of Teddy Bear Bob.
Born in Buffalo, New York, Summer studied painting at the Albright Art Gallery (now called the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Albright Art School, and with the noted water-color painter Sandra Chessman. He was also acquainted from childhood with another noted water-colorist, Robert Blair.
Charles Summer, his father, was an amateur photographer who owned a then uncommon Exacta single lens reflex camera. The world-famous photographer Milton Rogovin was a family friend and early on exposed him to fine-art photographs.
At age 15, Summer had a special one-man exhibit of his drawings in a group show at the Buffalo Museum of Science.
Encouraged by experimental filmmaker Peter Adair, Summer ultimately attended the first year of the New York University School of the Arts (then under the NYU School of Education and called the School of Television, Motion Pictures and Radio). Haig Manoogian, instrumental in starting the career of Martin Scorsese by producing the film Who's That Knocking at My Door headed the school and was one of the main instructors.
His student film "Item 72-D, The Adventures of Spa and Fon" not only won multiple awards, but was shown worldwide at many film festivals. It was the first film shown at the now famous Film Forum movie theater in New York City when the Film Forum was only a tiny loft space on West 88th Street in Manhattan. Hervé Villechaize, then unknown was one of the stars of "Item 72-D, The Adventures of Spa and Fon" Villechaize went on to fame in The Man with the Golden Gun and as a recurring character on the television series Fantasy Island. A co-writer of the film, John Byrum went on to write and direct numerous other films. Both Manoogian and Scorsese were advisors to the project.
Other early films included:
- Solstice (1968) - Film Editor
- High on the Wind Rivers (1970) - Cinematographer, Film Editor 
- Street Scenes (1970) - Cinematographer, Sound Recording, Film Editor
As a fellow of the National Endowment for the Arts, Summer received a grant to produce a documentary about the history of American Comic Strip and Comic Book art. This unfinished film covered, among other people, Jack Kirby, Milton Caniff, Carl Barks, Chuck Jones, Ray Bradbury, Dick Huemer and Ralph Bakshi.
In 1975, Summer helped his friend Brian De Palma redo all of the promotional materials for Phantom of the Paradise. As a result, producer Edward R. Pressman approached Summer for other projects. The result was Conan the Barbarian which took nearly seven years to bring to the screen. The original treatment/screenplay was written by Summer with some collaboration by Roy Thomas who had written and edited the Marvel Comic Book series.
In 2003, he founded the Buffalo International Film Festival. Summer has been Executive Director since 2005.
Plot: Conan the Barbarian The Devourer of the Dead Story about origin of Egyptian pyramids.
Founding editor and co-publisher: The Dinosaur Times
Contributing writer: Written By, Time Magazine, The New York Times, Circus, Films in Review, The Perfect Vision, The Absolute Sound, Home Theater Magazine, Skeptical Inquirer, Skeptical Briefs, The Monster Times.
Digital Nitrate Prize
In 2005, Edward Summer founded The Digital Nitrate Prize in order to encourage the research necessary to properly transfer and preserve the worlds motion picture heritage using the developing digital media. Based upon the X Prize, the Digital Nitrate Prize will offer a cash prize for the first individual, group or corporation which is able to exactly duplicate the look of nitrate film (nitrate motion picture film) using digital transfer and digital projection.
- Summer has taught Animation History at School of Visual Arts New York City.
- Summer's contributions to Star Wars and friendship with George Lucas was profiled extensively in 2013 through interviews with Jonathan Rinzler in issues 139, 140, 141 of the magazine Star Wars Insider.
- 1968 - Solstice - Producer, Editor
- 1968 - DeFeet - Producer, Director, Cinematographer
- 1970 - Item 72-D: The Adventures of Spa and Fon - Producer, Director
- 1970 - Street Scenes - Director/Cameraman, Editor
- 1970 - High in the Wind Rivers - Director/Cameraman
- 1980 - Starship Under - Director, screenwriter - (Never finished)
- 1982 - Conan the Barbarian - Associate Producer
- 1983 - Star Wars - Marketing Consultant
- 1989 - Little Nemo: Adventures in Slumberland - Screenplay
- 2005 - Silent Music - Producer, Director (In Production)
- 2005 - The Magic of Magic - Producer, Director (In Production)
- 2006 - Clicker Clatter - Producer 
- 2007 - Sirens - Producer (In Production)
- 2007 - Calvin of Oakknoll - Executive Producer, Consulting Director (In Production)
- "Edward Summer". kitbashed.com. November 15, 2014.
- Conan The Phenomenon by Paul Sammon, Dark Horse Books, 2007.
- Interview with Edward Summer "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 11, 2008. Retrieved December 11, 2007.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link).
- "High on the Wind Rivers: Complete Film on Youtube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X7HuOOQrEZA
- A Handbook For Constructive Living by David Reynolds.Morrow, 1995, page 266.
- Star Wars Insider, Issue 142, pages 44-49, Issues 139-141
- Scenes from Clicker Clatter https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-S8-_tWMSbU
- Edward Summer on IMDb
- Partial Comics Bibliography
- The Dinosaur Interplanetary Gazette
- The Buffalo International Film Festival
- Summer Stuff Blog
- The Digital Nitrate Prize Website
- Article: Richard Williams: The Animator Who Never Gave Up
- Library of Congress: Orphan Works Legislation Advocacy
- Articles in New York Daily News
- ZoomInfo Profile