Early life and background
Troye was born on July 12, 1808 in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Career as painter
Life in Kentucky
While living in Kentucky, Troye painted portraits and race horses for the local families in Georgetown, Kentucky. He worked primarily for the Steele and Alexander families, and Alexander "Keene" Richards.
Later travels and move to Alabama
Later he and Richards traveled to the Holy Land where he painted horses, Damascus, Syria cattle, the Dead Sea and the bazaar of Damascus while Richards bought Arabian horses. Bethany College, West Virginia retains copies of some of these paintings.
In 1869, Troye moved his family to a 700-acre (2.8 km2) cotton plantation in Madison County, Alabama. Troye returned to Kentucky and resided at the home of longtime friend Keen Richards until his death from pneumonia on July 25, 1874.
Death and legacy
Troye's best works, between the years 1835 and 1874 (prior to the birth of photography), are true-to-life delineations of historical American Great Plains horses. He painted Southern United States pre-American Civil War thoroughbreds. Little was known of Troye's work in the eastern United States until 1912. Since then, more than 300 of his paintings have been found, of which three-fourth's have been photographed since 1912. In addition, he is the author of The Race Horses of America (1867).
Notable horse paintings
- American Eclipse and Sir Henry
- Black Maria
- Boston and his son, Lexington
- Glencoe I
- Ophelia - dam of Gray Eagle
- Richard Singleton
- West Australian
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- Coleman, J. Winston (1968). Historic Kentucky (Second ed.). Lexington, Kentucky: Henry Clay Press. p. 62.
- Dumas Malone, ed. (1964). "Part 1". Dictionary of American Biography. X. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.