Edward VIII postage stamps
The definitive issue
The profile portrait chosen was taken by Hugh Cecil's studio. The design was suggested by H.J. Brown, an 18-year-old man, sent in February 1936 to the postal authorities. It inspired Harrison and Sons printers. The only graphic decorations on the stamp were the crown, the denomination in the upper corners, and the word "POSTAGE" at the bottom. Brown's project, the simplest of all submissions, placed the words "POSTAGE" and "REVENUE" on the lateral sides. The Post Office wrote to Mr Brown telling him that his proposed design could not be used. After the stamp came out, clearly using Brown's design, Brown's father issued a statement regretting the Post Office's deceit.
Watermarked with a crown and "E8R", the stamps were issued on 1 September 1936 for the halfpenny green, the threehalfpence brown and the twopence halfpenny blue, and on 14 September for the one penny red.
The four or part of the four stamps were overprinted to be used in the British post offices in Morocco. For Tangier, the name of the town was overprinted alone. "MORROCO / AGENCIES" was overprinted with a new face value in French centimes or Spanish céntimos depending the zone of the post office.
Other stamp projects
As soon as the beginning of the reign in January 1936, the British Post Office were preparing two other issues after this four definitive stamp series that was considered as an "Accession issue". Therefore, works at the Post Office and Harrison & Sons were done for a "Coronation issue" previewed for the 12 May 1937 and a final "Definitive issue". Essays for the former were made with the King wearing different military uniforms, such as the Bertram Park's pictures of Edward VIII wearing Seaforth Highlander and Welsh Guard uniforms. In March 1936, the King accepted the idea of larger stamps picturing his effigy and castles. But the abdication ceased all designing efforts despite essays been made.
The 2 pence red stamp project of Australia used a photograph of the King in uniform. The sole ornaments were the denomination into an oval in the bottom right corner and the red "POSTAGE" bar at the bottom. Printing of this stamp began in September 1936 at the Commonwealth Bank of Australia's printing branch. All operations were stopped with the abdication.
Despite the destruction of the stock and all material needed for the printing, a six x 2 pence red stamp signed corner block is in the hand of a British collector. On 29 September 1936, William Vanneck, 5th Baron Huntingfield, Governor of Victoria, visited the plant and was invited to sign and date one of the finished sheets. In the name of the Commonwealth Bank, printer John Ash offered the sheet to the Governor in October, but had to claim it back on 16 December. The sheet was given back the next day, but the six stamp corner block bearing the signature was missing. The Governor had already sent it to someone in England and could not retrieve it.
In Canada, the official destruction of Edward VIII stamp dies and proofs happened on 25 and 27 January 1937; some essays were kept in the archives and the two plaster casts were saved by coin engraver Emmanuel Hahn and a postal officer.
In March 1936, the Canadian Post Office received the photographic profile the new King wanted to be used and in June it obtained the one received by the Royal Mint. The Canadian Banknote Company worked on traditional ornemented designs with the two pictures with the help of the American Banknote Company, New York. In October, the Post Office received a plaster cast by British artist Hugh Paget. Finally, on 1 December 1936, the project was accepted by the Lord Tweedsmuir, Governor-in-Council. Two die-proofs were sent to London for the King to approve, but arrived after the abdication and were brought back to Canada.
The prepared design was used with a Bertram Park's portrait of King George VI ; this permitted an issue on 1 April 1937.
For the Falkland Islands, George Roberts redrew photographs of the archipelago's fauna, human activities and coat of arms. These illustrations were inscribed inside a rectangular frame bearing two upper corner circles: the right side one for a crown and the left one for the profile of the King, from the same picture as the British issued series.
After the abdication, the projects were reworked by Roberts. Edward VIII's profile in a circle was replaced by a picture of King George VI in an oval, with his military collar still visible. The stamp series was issued on 3 January 1938.
Notes and references
- "Great Britain" stamps #457-460, 2008 Commonwealth & British Empire Stamps 1840-1970, Stanley Gibbons, 2007, ISBN 978-0-85259-653-1, page GB15.
- A.J. Kirk in King Edward VIII, The Great Britain Philatelic Society, 1974, pages 5 and 6, quoted letters exchanged between Brown's family and the Post Office. H.J. Brown was thanked and told that his project could not be used as such. After the stamps issued, the father wrote how he was disappointed by the lack of frankness from the Post Office.
- Reproduced on the cover and page iv of A.J. Kirk in King Edward VIII, The Great Britain Philatelic Society, 1974.
- A.J. Kirk, King Edward VIII, The Great Britain Philatelic Society, 1974, pages 12-16.
- A.J. Kirk, King Edward VIII, The Great Britain Philatelic Society, 1974, pages 26-27.
- A.J. Kirk, King Edward VIII, The Great Britain Philatelic Society, 1974, page 1.
- Reproduced in A.J. Kirk, King Edward VIII, The Great Britain Philatelic Society, 1974, page 2.
- A.J. Kirk, King Edward VIII, The Great Britain Philatelic Society, 1974, pages 7-8.
- Lord Vestey and John Michael, Unissued Edward VIII Stamps of Australia (from display to the Society on 11 June 2009, The London Philatelist #1367, Royal Philatelic Society London, July–August 2009, pages 202-3.
- Paul J. Henry, « The Edward VIII Postage Stamp Essay », The Canadian Philatelist / Le Philatéliste canadien, Royal Philatelic Society of Canada, March–April 1999, pages 56 to 62 ; pdf file on the RPSC website, retrieved on 3 October 2008.
- Photographs of projects signed "G. Roberts", reproduced in Tony Belfield, The London Philatelist #1367, Royal Philatelic Society London, July–August 2009.
- stamps #146 to 163, "Falkland Islands", in Commonwealth & British Empire Stamps 1840-1970, Stanley Gibbons, 2008, page 209.
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