Edward Vernon (Royal Navy officer, born 1723)

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Sir Edward Vernon
Captain Edward Vernon (1723-1794). by Francis Hayman.jpg
Captain Edward Vernon (Francis Hayman)
Born 30 October 1723
Died 16 June 1794
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Rank Admiral
Commands held HMS Baltimore
HMS Mermaid
HMS Lyme
HMS St Albans
HMS Revenge
HMS Kent
HMS Yarmouth
HMS Bellona
HMS Barfleur
HMS Ramillies
Nore Command
East Indies Station
Battles/wars Seven Years' War

Admiral Sir Edward Vernon (30 October 1723 – 16 June 1794) was a Royal Navy officer who became Commander-in-Chief of the East Indies Station.

Naval career[edit]

Born the fourth son of Henry Vernon and Penelope Vernon (née Phillips) and educated at the Royal Naval Academy at Portsmouth, Vernon joined the Royal Navy in 1739 when he was appointed a Volunteer-per-order on HMS Portland.[1] Promoted to lieutenant in 1743, he became commander of the sloop HMS Baltimore in 1747, captain of HMS Mermaid in 1753 and captain of HMS Lyme in 1755.[1] He went on to be captain of HMS St Albans and was present at the destruction of the French Fleet at the Battle of Lagos on 18–19 August 1759.[1] He went on to command successively HMS Revenge, HMS Kent, HMS Yarmouth, HMS Bellona, HMS Barfleur and HMS Ramillies.[1] Knighted in June 1773, he became Commander-in-Chief, The Nore in 1775 and Commander-in-Chief of the East Indies Station in 1776 and took part in an indecisive action off Pondicherry on 10 August 1778 which at least forced the French fleet to retire to Mauritius,[1] much booty and plunder having been seized by the British.[2] Promoted to rear-admiral in March 1779, he returned to England in 1781.[1] He was promoted to vice-admiral in 1787 and admiral in 1794.[1] A monument to Vernon was placed in All Saints Church, at Binfield in Berkshire.[3]


Sir Edward Vernon by Francis Hayman c.1755 (detail)
Military offices
Preceded by
Edward Hughes
Commander-in-Chief, East Indies Station
Succeeded by
Edward Hughes