Edward Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon
|The Right Honourable
The Earl of Clarendon
GCB GCVO PC
|Lord Chamberlain of the Household|
21 September 1900 – 4 December 1905
|Prime Minister||The Marquess of Salisbury
|Preceded by||The Earl of Hopetoun|
|Succeeded by||The Viscount Althorp|
|Born||11 February 1846|
|Died||2 October 1914 (aged 68)|
|Political party||Liberal Unionist|
|Spouse(s)||(1) Lady Caroline Agar
(2) Emma Hatch
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon, GCB, GCVO, PC (11 February 1846 – 2 October 1914), styled Lord Hyde between 1846 and 1870, was a British Liberal Unionist politician from the Villiers family. He served as Lord Chamberlain of the Household between 1900 and 1905.
Background and education
Clarendon was the second but eldest surviving son of the prominent Liberal statesman George Villiers, 4th Earl of Clarendon and his wife Lady Katherine Grimston, daughter of James Grimston, 1st Earl of Verulam. He was educated at Harrow and Trinity College, Cambridge.
Clarendon was elected to Parliament for Brecon in 1869, a seat he retained until the following year, when he succeeded his father in the earldom and took his seat in the House of Lords. In 1895 he was appointed a Lord-in-Waiting in the Unionist administration of Lord Salisbury, a position he held until 1900, when he was promoted to Lord Chamberlain of the Household and admitted to the Privy Council. He retained this office also when Arthur Balfour became Prime Minister in 1902. The government fell in December 1905 and Clarendon was never to return to office.
Apart from his political career Lord Clarendon was also Lord-Lieutenant of Hertfordshire from 1893 to 1914.
Clarendon made one known appearance in first-class cricket for Cambridge University in 1865. He was a right-handed batsman (RHB) and a roundarm fast bowler. Four of his uncles James, Edward, Robert and Francis Grimston all played first-class cricket, as did his cousin Walter Grimston. Between 1890 and 1896, Lord Clarendon was a member of the Football Committee at West Hertfordshire Sports Club, chairing some of the meetings. During this period the club won three Herts Senior Cups in four years, not entering it in the other year. This football team was later to become known as Watford Football Club.
Lord Clarendon married firstly, Lady Caroline Agar, daughter of James Agar, 3rd Earl of Normanton, on 6 September 1876. After his first wife's death in 1894 he married secondly, Emma Hatch, on 5 August 1908. By his first marriage he had two children:
- George Herbert Hyde Villiers, 6th Earl of Clarendon (1877–1955)
- Lady Edith Villiers (1878–1935)
Lord Clarendon died in October 1914, aged 68, and was succeeded in the earldom by his only son George.
Honours and styles of address
- British honours
- GCB : Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath – 11 July 1902 – announced in the 1902 Coronation Honours list on 26 June 1902
- GCVO: Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order in 1905
- Foreign honours
- Kingdom of Prussia: Knight 1st class of the Order of the Red Eagle – 1899 – in connection with the visit of Emperor Wilhelm II to the United Kingdom.
Styles of address
- 1846: The Honourable Edward H. Villiers
- 1846–1869: Lord Hyde
- 1869–1870: Lord Hyde MP
- 1870–1900: The Right Honourable The Earl of Clarendon
- 1900–1902: The Right Honourable The Earl of Clarendon PC
- 1902–1905: The Right Honourable The Earl of Clarendon GCB PC
- 1905–1914: The Right Honourable The Earl of Clarendon GCB GCVO PC
- "Hyde (Edward Hyde Villiers), Lord (HD862)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Arthur Haygarth, Scores & Biographies, Volume 9 (1865-1866), Lillywhite, 1867
- Phillips, Ollie (1991). The Official Centenary History of Watford FC. Watford Football Club. p. 176. ISBN 0-9509601-6-0.
- "Bonhams : Mary Pownall Bromet, British (exh. 1889-1932): A bronze figure of Edward Hyde Villiers, 5th Earl of Clarendon".
- "No. 27453". The London Gazette. 11 July 1902. p. 4441.
- "The Coronation Honours". The Times (36804). London. 26 June 1902. p. 5.
- "Court Circular". The Times (36068). London. 17 February 1900. p. 11.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Clarendon
- CricketArchive record
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Brecon
The Lord Acton
The Earl Howe
The Earl of Hopetoun
|Lord Chamberlain of the Household
The Viscount Althorp
The Earl of Verulam
|Lord-Lieutenant of Hertfordshire
The Viscount Hampden
|Peerage of Great Britain|
|Earl of Clarendon