Edward W. Strong
|Died||January 13, 1990 (aged 88)|
|Known for||Free Speech Movement|
|Fields||Philosopher and Administrator|
|Institutions||University of California, Berkeley|
Edward William Strong (October 16, 1901 - January 13, 1990) was the Chancellor of the University of California at Berkeley between 1961 and 1965. He resigned in March 1965, in large part due to his actions during the Free Speech Movement, which was beginning at that time. Besides his role as chancellor, Strong founded UC Berkeley's Department of Sociology and Social Institutions in 1946, chaired it until 1953, as well as in another of other campus roles.
Early life and education
Edward Strong first joined the faculty at UC Berkeley in 1932 as a lecturer, before being promoted to full professor in 1947. He founded Berkeley's Department of Sociology and Social Institutions in 1946, and chaired it until 1953. Strong also served for most of this period as an associate dean of the College of Letters and Science. He was appointed a Vice-Chancellor in 1958, and became Chancellor of the University of California at Berkeley, a role he served between 1961 and 1965. While Strong was Chancellor, he helped contribute to the establishment of Berkeley's Department of Computer Science. He resigned in March 1965, in large part due to his actions during the Free Speech Movement, which was beginning at that time. After his resignation as Chancellor, Strong was appointed to the Mills Professorship of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy and Civil Polity, where he taught until 1967, when he retired. Besides for his academic work, Strong was once president of the American Philosophical Association, and was the primary founder of the Journal of the History of Philosophy. He was also instrumental in the construction of the Radiation Laboratory on Charter Hill, which morphed in to the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, which later participated in significant research into nuclear weapons.
Controversy as Chancellor
Strong's tenure as Chancellor at Berkeley was marked by strife related to the free speech movement, leading to his resignation in March 1965. When Strong resigned he issued a statement blaming Clark Kerr (who would be dismissed by the Board of Regents in January 1967) for "capitulating to the tide of revolt, subversive of law and order." While acting as Chancellor, Strong favored harsh disciplinary policies, and was upset that Clark Kerr had made certain concessions to the "student rebels" involved in the Free Speech Movement.
Strong's actions during the Free Speech Movement were harshly criticized by some students and faculty members for the approach he took to free speech activity on campus.
- Uncorrected Papers: Diverse Philosophical Dissents. Wallace Matson. 29 February 2012. ISBN 9781591029779. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
- "Edward W. Strong, Sociology and Social Institutions; Philosophy: Berkeley". University of California. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
- "Days of Cal | Edward W. Strong". University of California. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
- "Resigned U of C Chief Under Fire". Toledo Blade. March 12, 1965.
- "Berkeley Chancellor Out; U. Cal Outlook Muddled". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Jan 4, 1965.