Edward William Pritchard

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Convicted murderer

Edward William Pritchard (6 December 1825 – 28 July 1865) was an English doctor who was convicted of murdering his wife and mother-in-law by poisoning them. He was also suspected of murdering a servant girl, but was never tried for this crime.

He was the last person to be publicly executed in Glasgow.[1][2]

Early years[edit]

Pritchard was born in Southsea,[3] Hampshire, into a naval family. His father was John White Pritchard, a captain.[4]

He claimed to have studied at King's College Hospital in London and to have graduated from there in 1846. He then served in the Royal Navy as an assistant surgeon with the HMS Victory. For another four years, he served on various other ships sailing around the world.

He returned to Portsmouth, England, on the HMS Hecate. While in Portsmouth, he met his future wife, Mary Jane Taylor, the daughter of a prosperous retired silk merchant from Edinburgh.[5][6] The couple married in 1851. He had five children with her.[7]

He resigned from the Navy and first took a job as a general practitioner in Yorkshire, living for a time in Hunmanby.

He was the author of several books on his travels and on the water cure at Hunmanby, as well as articles in The Lancet.

In 1859, he left under a cloud and in debt, and moved to Glasgow.[5][8]

Murders[edit]

On May 5, 1863, there was a fire in the Pritchards' house at 11 Berkeley Street, Glasgow, which killed a servant girl. Her name was Elizabeth McGrain, aged 25.[9] The fire started in her room but she made no attempt to escape, suggesting that she may have been unconscious, drugged, or already dead.

The procurator fiscal looked into the case, but no charges were brought.[2][10]

In 1865, Pritchard poisoned his mother-in-law, Jane Taylor, 70, who died on February 28. His wife, whom he was treating for an illness (with the help of a Dr. Paterson), died a month later on March 18 at the age of 38. Both had been living in the family's new home in Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow.

Dr. Paterson was highly suspicious of the "illnesses" of both women and, when the time came, refused to sign the death certificates. However, he did not go out of his way to inform the medical or legal authorities of his suspicions.

Pritchard was apprehended after an anonymous letter was sent to the authorities.[11] When the bodies of his wife and mother-in-law were exhumed, it was found that they contained the poison antimony.

Trial and execution[edit]

The major points of interest in the trial were:

  • Pritchard's motive. Possibly he was having an affair with another maid in the household and would blame her for the poisonings as his defense.
  • The strange reticence of Dr. Paterson to inform anyone in authority of his suspicions.

Pritchard was convicted of murder after a five-day hearing in Edinburgh in July 1865,[11] presided over by the Lord Justice Clerk, Lord Glencorse.[5][12] He was hanged in front of thousands of spectators at the Saltmarket end of Glasgow Green at 8 a.m. on July 28, 1865.[2]

In popular culture[edit]

In 1947, Scottish playwright James Bridie wrote Dr Angelus, based on the case. It originally starred Alastair Sim.[13]

Sir Cedric Hardwicke played Pritchard in the October 6, 1952 episode of the radio series Suspense.[14]

In 1956, Pritchard was played by Joseph Cotten in an episode of the television series "On Trial" (episode name: The Trial of Edward Pritchard).[15]

In the Sherlock Holmes short story, The Adventure of the Speckled Band, while commenting on the apparent villain (Dr Grimesby Roylott), Holmes tells Dr Watson that when a doctor goes bad he is "the first of criminals". He then illustrates this with the comment that Drs Palmer and Pritchard were at the "head of their profession". Since neither was considered a good doctor, and Pritchard was considered something of a quack by the medical fraternity in Glasgow, their "profession" was that of murder.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hallworth, Rodney and Mark Williams, Where there's a will... The sensational life of Dr John Bodkin Adams, Capstan Press, Jersey, 1983. ISBN 0-946797-00-5
  2. ^ a b c Leighton Bruce, A deadly beside manner, The Scotsman, 21 November 2005
  3. ^ John Emsley, The Elements of Murder: A History of Poison, Oxford University Press, 2006, ISBN 0-19-280600-9, p.225 [1]
  4. ^ Roughead (1906)
  5. ^ a b c The Grange Association
  6. ^ Roughead (1954) pp.144-145
  7. ^ "An eminent lawyer" (1865) p.5
  8. ^ Roughead (1954) p.146
  9. ^ Scotland's People official death record
  10. ^ Roughead (1906) p.335
  11. ^ a b True Crime Library
  12. ^ "An eminent lawyer" (1865) p.1
  13. ^ Alastairsim.net
  14. ^ Archive.org
  15. ^ IMDB

Bibliography[edit]

  • "An eminent lawyer", A complete report of the trial of Dr. E. W. Pritchard for the alleged poisoning of his wife and mother-in-law, Issue 8 of Celebrated criminal cases, William Kay, 1865. [2]
  • William Roughead, Trial of Dr. Pritchard, Notable Scottish Trials, William Hodge, 1906 [3]
  • William Roughead, "Dr Pritchard" in "Famous Trials 4" (ed. James H. Hodge), Penguin, 1954, 143-175

External links[edit]