Edward William Pritchard
Edward William Pritchard (6 December 1825 – 28 July 1865) was an English doctor who was convicted of murdering his wife and mother-in-law by poisoning them. He was also suspected of murdering a servant girl, but was never tried for this crime.
He claimed to have studied at King's College Hospital in London and to have graduated from there in 1846. He then served in the Royal Navy as an assistant surgeon on HMS Victory. For another four years, he served on various other ships sailing around the world.
He returned to Portsmouth, England, on HMS Hecate. While in Portsmouth, he met his future wife, Mary Jane Taylor, the daughter of a prosperous retired silk merchant from Edinburgh. The couple married in 1851. He had five children with her.
On 5 May 1863, there was a fire in the Pritchards' house at 11 Berkeley Street, Glasgow, which killed a servant girl. Her name was Elizabeth McGrain, aged 25. The fire started in her room but she made no attempt to escape, suggesting that she may have been unconscious, drugged, or already dead.
In 1865, Pritchard poisoned his mother-in-law, Jane Taylor, 70, who died on 28 February. His wife, whom he was treating for an illness (with the help of a Dr. Paterson), died a month later on 18 March at the age of 38. Both had been living in the family's new home in Sauchiehall Street, Glasgow.
Dr. Paterson was highly suspicious of the "illnesses" of both women and, when the time came, refused to sign the death certificates. However, he did not go out of his way to inform the medical or legal authorities of his suspicions. A 'Vindication' of Dr Paterson was circulated at the time and he took other steps to clear his name.
Trial and execution
The major points of interest in the trial were:
- Pritchard's motive. Possibly he was having an affair with another maid in the household and would blame her for the poisonings as his defense.
- The strange reticence of Dr. Paterson to inform anyone in authority of his suspicions.
Pritchard was convicted of murder after a five-day hearing in Edinburgh in July 1865, presided over by the Lord Justice Clerk, Lord Glencorse. He was hanged in front of thousands of spectators at the Saltmarket end of Glasgow Green at 8 a.m. on 28 July 1865.
In popular culture
In the Sherlock Holmes short story, The Adventure of the Speckled Band, while commenting on the apparent villain (Dr Grimesby Roylott), Holmes tells Dr Watson that when a doctor goes bad he is "the first of criminals". He then illustrates this with the comment that Drs Palmer and Pritchard were at the "head of their profession". Since neither was considered a good doctor, and Pritchard was considered something of a quack by the medical fraternity in Glasgow, their "profession" was that of murder.
- Hallworth, Rodney and Mark Williams, Where there's a will... The sensational life of Dr John Bodkin Adams, Capstan Press, Jersey, 1983. ISBN 0-946797-00-5
- Leighton Bruce, A deadly beside manner, The Scotsman, 21 November 2005
- John Emsley, The Elements of Murder: A History of Poison, Oxford University Press, 2006, ISBN 0-19-280600-9, p.225 
- Roughead (1906)
- The Grange Association
- Roughead (1954) pp.144-145
- "An eminent lawyer" (1865) p.5
- Roughead (1954) p.146
- Scotland's People official death record
- Roughead (1906) p.335
- J.M.W. (1865). The Pritchard Poisoning Case. A Vindication of Dr James Paterson. Glasgow: James Nimmo, 36 St Enoch Square.. Accessed May 2017 via http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~flotsam/toc14.html
- See the genealogical website for the family of James Paterson M.D., Army Surgeon
- True Crime Library
- "An eminent lawyer" (1865) p.1
- "An eminent lawyer", A complete report of the trial of Dr. E. W. Pritchard for the alleged poisoning of his wife and mother-in-law, Issue 8 of Celebrated criminal cases, William Kay, 1865. 
- William Roughead, Trial of Dr. Pritchard, Notable Scottish Trials, William Hodge, 1906 
- William Roughead, "Dr Pritchard" in "Famous Trials 4" (ed. James H. Hodge), Penguin, 1954, 143-175