Edward Winslow Gifford

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Edward Winslow Gifford
Born August 14, 1887
Oakland, California
Died May 16, 1959
Paradise, California
Fields ethnography

Edward Winslow Gifford (August 14, 1887 – May 16, 1959) devoted his life to studying California Indian ethnography as a professor of anthropology and director of the Museum of Anthropology at the University of California, Berkeley.

Born in Oakland, California, he became an assistant curator of ornithology at the California Academy of Sciences after graduating from high school; he never attended college. He joined the University of California's Museum of Anthropology in 1912 as an assistant curator, becoming a curator in 1925 and a professor in 1945. Working in close association with the preeminent leader in California anthropology, Alfred L. Kroeber, Gifford produced more than 100 publications. His numerous contributions to salvage ethnography have left an invaluable record of the state's native cultures. He developed the museum into a major U.S. institution with its major field research and collections.


  • Calisphere - University of California - Edward Winslow Gifford, Anthropology: Berkeley
  • Foster, George M. 1960. "Edward Winslow Gifford". American Anthropologist 62:327-329.
  • Kroeber, A. L., and E. W. Gifford. Karok Myths. University of California Press, Berkeley.
  • Hurtado, Albert L. 1990. "Introduction to the Bison Book Edition". In California Indian Nights, compiled by Edward W. Gifford and Gwendoline Harris Block, pp. 1–7. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln.

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