23 March 1900 (aged 54)|
Mooi River, Natal
|Years of service||1865–1900|
|Unit||King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment)|
|Commands held||9th Brigade of the 5th Division|
Second Boer War, Battle of Spion Kop
|Awards||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George|
|Other work||Killed in action|
Family and education
Woodgate was born in November 1845 at Belbroughton, Worcestershire, the son of Rev Henry Arthur Woodgate, Rector of Holy Trinity parish church there. He was educated at Radley College in Berkshire (now Oxfordshire).
In April 1865 Woodgate was commissioned into the 4th (King's Own) Regiment of Foot, which in 1881 was renamed the King's Own (Royal Lancaster Regiment). He served in the Abyssinian War, the Ashanti War, and the Anglo-Zulu War. In the Second Boer War he commanded the 9th brigade of the 5th Division. At the Battle of Spion Kop he commanded a large force that was sent to capture the strategic hill in a night assault on 23 January 1900. The next morning a shell splinter struck Woodgate's head above the right eye. He suffered a brain injury associated with a shattered orbit.
While being carried down the hill to hospital on a stretcher, he struggled to rejoin his men and had to be forcibly restrained. As a result of the trauma he lost all recent memory and had no recollection of the war.
Honours and awards
Abyssinian War Medal (1868) Ashanti War Medal (1873–4) and bar and mentioned in dispatches, Zulu War Campaign Medal (1879) and bar and mentioned in despatches, Sierra Leone 1898 and mentioned in despatches, invested as a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG). He was invested as a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in May 1896 and Knight Commander in Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) in January 1900.
Woodgate's will was proved in the Principal Registry of the Probate Division of Her Majesty's High Court of Justice on 30 June 1900, by his two executors, Lieutenant-Colonel Edward De Barry Barnett of 32 Cambridge Square, Hyde Park, London and George Nicholas Hardinge of 17 Lower Berkeley Street, London. His home address was given as United Services Club, Pall Mall, London
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- Carlyle, Edward Irving (1901). "Woodgate, Edward Robert Prevost". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement. London: Smith, Elder & Co.