Edward de Courtenay, 3rd/11th Earl of Devon

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Edward Courtenay, 3rd/11th Earl of Devon
Tiverton , Tiverton Castle Ruins - geograph.org.uk - 1272097.jpg
Ruins of Tiverton Castle, seat of the Earls of Devon
Spouse(s) Maud Camoys
Issue
Noble family Courtenay
Father Sir Edward Courtenay
Mother Emeline Dawney
Born c.1357
Died 5 December 1419
buried at Forde Abbey

Edward Courtenay, 3rd/11th Earl of Devon (c.1357 – 5 December 1419), known by the epithet the "Blind Earl", was the son of Sir Edward de Courtenay and Emeline Dawnay, and in 1377 succeeded his grandfather, Hugh Courtenay, 10th Earl of Devon, as Earl of Devon. The ordinal number given to the early Courtenay Earls of Devon depends on whether the earldom is deemed a new creation by the letters patent granted 22 February 1334/5 or whether it is deemed a restitution of the old dignity of the de Redvers family. Authorities differ in their opinions,[1] and thus alternative ordinal numbers exist, given here.

Family[edit]

Edward Courtenay, born about 1357, was the elder of two sons of Sir Edward de Courtenay (d. between 2 February 1368 and 1 April 1371) and Emeline or Emme Dawnay (c.1329 – 28 February 1371), daughter and heiress of Sir John Dawney (d.1346/7) by Sybil Treverbyn. He succeeded to the earldom at the age of 20 at the death of his grandfather, Hugh Courtenay, 10th Earl of Devon, on 2 May 1377.[2]

Courtenay had a younger brother, Sir Hugh Courtenay of Haccombe and Bampton (after 1358 – 5 or 6 March 1425), who married successively Elizabeth Fitzpayn, Elizabeth Cogan, Philippa Arcedekne, and Maud Beaumont.[3]

Career[edit]

Sir John Dawney (d.1346/7) is said to have held 'fifteen large manors in Cornwall' which came to the Courtenay family through Edward Courtenay's marriage to Emeline Dawney.[4] In 1378 Courtenay proved his age, and had livery of the lands of his mother and his grandfather, the 10th Earl.[5]

Like his ancestors, Courtenay was a soldier. He served in the Scottish wars and after some success was knighted in 1380 by the Earl of Buckingham. The following year King Richard II sent Courtenay as an emissary to escort his Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia from Gravelines harbour to London for her marriage. In 1383 he was appointed Admiral of the West, responsible for policing the seas off the coasts of Devon and Cornwall; his brother Sir Hugh Courtenay was a famed pirate. The Council believed that the Earl should protect the River Exe as French pirates had attempted several incursions into the Devonshire interior.[citation needed] Edward however was more of a soldier and relinquished his naval post. He was appointed to the King's Council which in 1395 attended Richard II in Westminster Hall. By 1400, the Earl was blind. He had probably contracted a disease such as leprosy or erysipelas which attacked the retina in his eyes.[citation needed]

Courtenay died on 5 December 1419, directing in his will that he be buried at Forde Abbey. A 'magnificent monument' at Tiverton Castle, said to be his and destroyed about the end of the 16th century, bore the following inscription, according to Thomas Risdon's Survey of Devon (1630):

Ho, ho who lies here?
I, the good Earle of Devonshire,
And Mauld my wife that was full deare,
We lived together LV yeare.
That we spent we had:
That we gave we have:
That we left we lost.''

However, as Cokayne points out, this inscription is 'certainly far from contemporary' with the 11th Earl's death.[6]

Marriage and issue[edit]

Alabaster effigy of Elizabeth Courtenay (d.1471) in St Dubricius Church, Porlock, Somerset
Drawing from 1890 of effigies in Church of St Dubricius, Porlock, of John Harington, 4th Baron Harington(d.1418) and his wife Elizabeth Courtenay(d.1471), daughter of Edward de Courtenay, 3rd Earl of Devon(d.1419)
A boar, which animals were used as heraldic supporters by the Courtenay Earls of Devon, serves as the footrest to the effigy of Elizabeth Courtenay at Porlock Church

Courtenay married Maud Camoys, the daughter of Sir John de Camoys[7] of Gressenhall, Norfolk by his second wife, Elizabeth le Latimer, the daughter of William le Latimer, 3rd Baron Latimer.[8] They had three sons, and a daughter:[9]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Watson, GEC Peerage, IV, p.324 & footnote (c): "This would appear more like a restitution of the old dignity than the creation of a new earldom"; Debrett's Peerage however gives the ordinal numbers as if a new earldom had been created. (Montague-Smith, P.W. (ed.), Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage and Companionage, Kelly's Directories Ltd, Kingston-upon-Thames, 1968, p.353)
  2. ^ Cokayne 1916, p. 325; Richardson I 2011, pp. 239–43, 540–7.
  3. ^ Cokayne 1916, p. 325; Richardson I 2011, pp. 546–8.
  4. ^ Lodge 1789, pp. 72–3.
  5. ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 546.
  6. ^ Cokayne 1916, p. 325.
  7. ^ Cokayne misidentifies her as the daughter of Thomas, Lord Camoys.
  8. ^ Richardson I 2011, pp. 397–8, 546–7.
  9. ^ Richardson I 2011, pp. 387–8, 546.
  10. ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 547.
  11. ^ Cokayne 1916, p. 326; Richardson I 2011, p. 547; Richardson IV 2011, pp. 167–70.
  12. ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 547.
  13. ^ Richardson I 2011, p. 547.

References[edit]

  • M. Cherry, 'The Crown and the Political Community in Devonshire, 1377-1461' (Unpublished PhD Thesis, University of Wales, Swansea, 1981).
  • M. Cherry, "The Disintegration of a Dominant Medieval Affinity: the Courtenay family", in: Southern History; 1979 & 1986.
  • Cokayne, George Edward (1916). The Complete Peerage, edited by Vicary Gibbs. IV. London: St. Catherine Press. 
  • Lodge, John, rev. by Mervyn Archdall (1789). The Peerage of Ireland. V. Dublin: James Moore. Retrieved 25 October 2012. 
  • Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. I (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. 
Preceded by
Hugh de Courtenay
Earl of Devon
1377–1419
Succeeded by
Hugh de Courtenay