Edwardian Baroque architecture

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The War Office in Whitehall, London (built 1906).

Edwardian Baroque is the Neo-Baroque architectural style of many public buildings built in the British Empire during the Edwardian era (1901–1910).


The characteristic features of the Edwardian Baroque style were drawn from two main sources: the architecture of France in the 18th century and that of Sir Christopher Wren in England in the 17th. Some of the architecture that borrowed more heavily from the English Baroque architects was known by the term Wrenaissance. Sir Edwin Lutyens was a leading exponent, designing many commercial buildings in what he termed 'the Grand Style' in the later 1910s and 1920s. This period of British architectural history is considered a particularly retrospective one, since it is contemporary with Art Nouveau.

Typical details of Edwardian Baroque architecture include extensive rustication, usually heavier at ground level, often running into and exaggerating the voussoirs of arched openings (derived from French models); domed corner rooftop pavilions and a central taller tower-like element creating a lively rooftop silhouette; revived Italian Baroque elements such as exaggerated keystones, segmental arched pediments, columns with engaged blocks, attached block-like rustication to window surrounds; colonnades of (sometimes paired) columns in the Ionic order and domed towers modelled closely on Wren's for the Royal Naval College in Greenwich. Some Edwardian Baroque buildings include details from other sources, such as the Dutch gables of Norman Shaw's Piccadilly Hotel in London.

Notable Edwardian Baroque buildings[edit]

53 King Street, built for Lloyds Bank in 1915.

United Kingdom

New Zealand



Hong Kong


  • City Hall, George Town, Penang (1903).
  • Second floor extension to Town Hall, George Town, Penang (1903).
  • Former Government Offices (now State Islamic Council building), George Town, Penang (1907).
  • Federated Malay States railway station/Malayan Railways building (Wisma Kastam), George Town, Penang (1907).
  • George Town Dispensary, George Town, Penang (1922).
  • Ipoh Town Hall and former General Post Office, Ipoh, Perak (1916).
  • Railway station in Ipoh, Perak (1917 to 1935).
  • Former State Secretariat (State Library), Seremban, Negeri Sembilan (1912).


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Antram, Nicholas; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2013). Sussex: East with Brighton and Hove. The Buildings of England. London: Yale University Press. p. 247. ISBN 978-0-300-18473-0. 
  2. ^ Antram, Nicholas; Morrice, Richard (2008). Brighton and Hove. Pevsner Architectural Guides. London: Yale University Press. p. 165. ISBN 978-0-300-12661-7. 
  3. ^ Historic England. "Ralli Memorial Hall, walls and railings, Denmark Villas, Hove  (Grade II) (1298671)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 March 2013. 

External links[edit]