Edwards County, Kansas

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Edwards County, Kansas
County
Watertower in Kinsley Kansas 4-5-2008.jpg
Watertower in Kinsely (2009)
Map of Kansas highlighting Edwards County
Location in the U.S. state of Kansas
Map of the United States highlighting Kansas
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Coordinates: 37°53′N 99°16′W / 37.883°N 99.267°W / 37.883; -99.267
Founded March 18, 1874
Named for John H. Edwards
Seat Kinsley
Largest city Kinsley
Area
 • Total 622 sq mi (1,611 km2)
 • Land 622 sq mi (1,611 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0 km2), 0.01%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 2,938
 • Density 4.9/sq mi (2/km²)
Area code(s) 620
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website EdwardsCounty.org

Edwards County (county code ED) is a county located in the U.S. states of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 3,037,[1] Its county seat and most populous city is Kinsley.[2] The county was founded in 1874 and named for W. C. Edwards, of Hutchinson, a pioneer settler, who played an active role in its organization.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 622 square miles (1,610 km2), of which 622 square miles (1,610 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (0.01%) is water.[4]

Geographic Features[edit]

The Arkansas River flows through Edwards County from the southwest corner to the Pawnee County line near U.S. Route 56. Since the early 1990s, however, the riverbed has contained little to no water, and can be waded across in most places.[citation needed]

Major highways[edit]

Three U.S. Routes run through Edwards County, all meeting in Kinsley. An east-west route, U.S. Route 50 circumvents Belpre and Lewis before joining with westbound U.S. Route 56 in Kinsley. The single road then passes through Offerle and west into Ford County. U.S. Route 183 runs from Kiowa County in the south to Kinsley, where it joins eastbound U.S. 56, running as a single highway to Pawnee County. K-19 starts at U.S. Route 50 near Belpre, and travels north into Pawnee County.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 2,409
1890 3,600 49.4%
1900 3,682 2.3%
1910 7,033 91.0%
1920 7,057 0.3%
1930 7,295 3.4%
1940 6,377 −12.6%
1950 5,936 −6.9%
1960 5,118 −13.8%
1970 4,581 −10.5%
1980 4,271 −6.8%
1990 3,787 −11.3%
2000 3,449 −8.9%
2010 3,037 −11.9%
Est. 2016 2,938 [5] −3.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2016[1]

As of the 2000 census,[10] there were 3,449 people, 1,455 households, and 955 families residing in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,754 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.52% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 5.57% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.71% of the population.

There were 1,455 households out of which 28.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.30% were non-families. 32.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.60% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 25.10% from 25 to 44, 22.80% from 45 to 64, and 20.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,530, and the median income for a family was $38,250. Males had a median income of $27,050 versus $20,132 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,586. About 7.00% of families and 10.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.40% of those under age 18 and 8.00% of those age 65 or over.

Law and government[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[11]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 78.6% 1,037 16.1% 212 5.3% 70
2012 76.5% 1,059 21.5% 298 2.0% 28
2008 73.3% 995 24.5% 333 2.1% 29
2004 72.5% 1,084 25.8% 386 1.7% 26
2000 68.0% 1,062 28.6% 447 3.5% 54
1996 59.9% 1,088 29.7% 539 10.4% 188
1992 40.0% 769 29.5% 567 30.6% 589
1988 53.9% 993 43.0% 792 3.2% 58
1984 67.5% 1,352 30.3% 606 2.2% 44
1980 63.9% 1,409 28.0% 616 8.1% 179
1976 42.5% 1,001 55.3% 1,304 2.2% 52
1972 64.5% 1,534 31.9% 757 3.6% 86
1968 54.9% 1,243 36.8% 832 8.4% 189
1964 39.2% 932 60.0% 1,427 0.8% 18
1960 61.5% 1,588 38.2% 986 0.4% 10
1956 69.9% 1,816 29.7% 771 0.4% 10
1952 76.4% 2,192 22.6% 647 1.1% 30
1948 58.2% 1,627 38.7% 1,083 3.2% 88
1944 65.1% 1,669 34.2% 876 0.7% 19
1940 60.1% 1,886 38.9% 1,219 1.0% 31
1936 41.2% 1,394 58.7% 1,986 0.1% 3
1932 44.4% 1,420 52.9% 1,693 2.7% 85
1928 73.4% 2,171 26.0% 768 0.7% 20
1924 67.0% 1,929 19.0% 548 14.0% 403
1920 70.2% 1,782 26.8% 681 3.0% 77
1916 40.8% 1,158 50.4% 1,431 8.8% 249
1912 16.1% 276 44.4% 764 39.5% 680
1908 50.2% 773 45.7% 704 4.0% 62
1904 64.3% 816 25.9% 328 9.9% 125
1900 50.1% 523 48.1% 502 1.8% 19
1896 39.9% 322 59.3% 479 0.9% 7
1892 45.6% 399 54.4% 477
1888 53.6% 541 33.1% 334 13.3% 134

Edwards County was a prohibition, or "dry", county until the Kansas Constitution was amended in 1986 and voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[12]

Education[edit]

Unified school districts[edit]

Communities[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Edwards County (map legend)

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Edwards County is divided into ten townships. The city of Kinsley is considered governmentally independent and is excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Belpre 05850 186 1 (3) 140 (54) 0 (0) 0.01% 37°57′14″N 99°6′12″W / 37.95389°N 99.10333°W / 37.95389; -99.10333
Franklin 24350 93 0 (1) 191 (74) 0 (0) 0% 37°48′55″N 99°11′12″W / 37.81528°N 99.18667°W / 37.81528; -99.18667
Jackson 34750 98 1 (1) 187 (72) 0 (0) 0.05% 37°59′35″N 99°30′18″W / 37.99306°N 99.50500°W / 37.99306; -99.50500
Kinsley 37100 160 1 (3) 121 (47) 0 (0) 0.01% 37°56′27″N 99°24′0″W / 37.94083°N 99.40000°W / 37.94083; -99.40000
Lincoln 40650 143 1 (2) 193 (74) 0 (0) 0% 37°49′17″N 99°4′39″W / 37.82139°N 99.07750°W / 37.82139; -99.07750
Logan 41875 42 0 (1) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°3′5″N 99°23′47″W / 38.05139°N 99.39639°W / 38.05139; -99.39639
North Brown 51100 67 0 (1) 163 (63) 0 (0) 0.05% 37°51′43″N 99°21′34″W / 37.86194°N 99.35944°W / 37.86194; -99.35944
South Brown 66550 90 0 (1) 251 (97) 0 (0) 0% 37°47′5″N 99°22′5″W / 37.78472°N 99.36806°W / 37.78472; -99.36806
Trenton 71400 306 2 (6) 136 (53) 0 (0) 0% 37°52′50″N 99°32′31″W / 37.88056°N 99.54194°W / 37.88056; -99.54194
Wayne 76125 606 5 (12) 132 (51) 0 (0) 0% 37°56′28″N 99°15′30″W / 37.94111°N 99.25833°W / 37.94111; -99.25833
Sources: "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files". U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Archived from the original on 2002-08-02. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2011. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2012-07-12. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 115. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  12. ^ "Map of Wet and Dry Counties". Alcoholic Beverage Control, Kansas Department of Revenue. November 2006. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2007-12-28. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

County
Maps