|Edwin Louis Benbow|
10 December 1895|
Abbotsbury, Dorset, England
|Died||30 May 1918(aged 22)|
|Buried at||Duhallow ADS Cemetery, Ypres, West Flanders, Belgium|
Royal Air Force
|Years of service||1915–1918|
|Unit||Royal Field Artillery
No. 40 Squadron RFC
No. 85 Squadron RAF
Captain Edwin Louis Benbow MC (10 December 1895 – 30 May 1918) was an English flying ace during the First World War, credited with eight victories, comprising six destroyed and one shared destroyed, and one 'out of control'. He was the only pilot to gain 'ace' status flying the Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8 exclusively.
Benbow joined the Royal Field Artillery in February 1915, and served for a year being commissioned a second lieutenant on 27 May 1915. He was appointed to be a flying officer (observer), effective 10 March 1916, before being seconded to the Royal Flying Corps on 15 April 1916. He served his first eight months in aviation as an observer/gunner. He then trained as a pilot, was appointed a flying officer on 7 July 1916, and was assigned to 40 Squadron as an F.E.8 pilot. He achieved all his successes while with this squadron; on 20 October 1916, using F.E.8, Serial No. 7627, he destroyed an Albatros D.II for his first victory. Two days later he set a German two-seater afire over Vimy.
On 16 November 1916 Benbow shot down an Albatros two-seater. On 4 December he downed another Albatros D.II. On the 20th, he felled another Albatros two-seater; Benbow thus became the only F.E.8 ace, and No. 7627 the only Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.8 to be involved in the shooting down of five or more enemy aircraft.
On the early afternoon of 23 January 1917, Benbow was in the midst of a dogfight when his gun jammed. While clearing his weapon, he evaded a head-on assault by the Red Baron, who went on to down Benbow's squadron comrade Lt. J. Hay for Jasta 11's first victory. Benbow did not succeed in returning to the attack on that occasion, but on 14 February using F.E.8 Serial No. A4871, he destroyed another Albatros D.II. His seventh victory came the following day, with Benbow's only "out of control" claim.
On 6 March, Benbow and the Red Baron clashed again when nine F.E.8s of 40 Squadron fought five Jasta 11 aircraft led by Richthofen. While the Baron was attacking a Sopwith 1½ Strutter, Benbow shot him down, forcing him to land near Hénin-Liétard with a damaged engine, spraying fuel from holed tanks, and seemingly on fire, for Benbow's eighth victory (although Richthofen survived). On 12 March, 40 Squadron began its re-equipment with Nieuport 17 "tractors". A week later, Benbow was wounded in action by anti-aircraft shrapnel, ending his first combat assignment in France.
Benbow would serve as an instructor in his time away from the front. He was appointed a Flight Commander with the concomitant rank of Temporary Captain on 31 March 1917, and posted to Billy Bishop's No. 85 Squadron in May 1918. On the 30th while piloting Royal Aircraft Factory S.E.5a, Serial No.C1861, he was shot down and killed by Hans-Eberhardt Gandert of Jasta 51.
Honours and awards
- Military Cross
- 2nd Lt. (temp. Lt.) Edwin Louis Benbow, Royal Field Artillery and Royal Flying Corps.
- For conspicuous gallantry in action. He has on several occasions displayed great courage and skill, and has destroyed four enemy machines under difficult conditions.
- Guttman & Dempsey (2009), pp.63–65.
- Guttman & Dempsey (2009), p.63.
- The London Gazette: . 4 June 1915.
- The London Gazette: . 14 April 1916.
- The London Gazette: . 1 August 1916.
- Guttman & Dempsey (2009), p.64.
- Guttman & Dempsey (2009), p.64–65,
- Guttman & Dempsey (2009), p.66.
- The London Gazette: . 22 May 1917.
- Guttman & Dempsey (2009), p.66–67.
- The London Gazette: . 13 February 1917.
- Guttman, Jon; Dempsey, Harry (2009). Pusher Aces of World War I. Osprey Pub. Co. ISBN 978-1-84603-417-6.