Edwin D. Woolley

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Edwin D. Woolley, Sr.
Edwin Dilworth Woolley, Sr.jpg
Members of the House of Representatives of the Utah Territorial Legislature
In office
September 22, 1851 – January 21, 1853
In office
1855 – 1856
In office
1858 – 1861
Personal details
Born Edwin Dilworth Woolley
(1807-06-28)June 28, 1807
West Chester, Pennsylvania, United States
Died October 12, 1881(1881-10-12) (aged 74)
Salt Lake City, Utah Territory, United States
Resting place Salt Lake City Cemetery
40°46′37.92″N 111°51′28.8″W / 40.7772000°N 111.858000°W / 40.7772000; -111.858000 (Salt Lake City Cemetery)

Edwin Dilworth Woolley, Sr. (June 28, 1807 – October 12, 1881) was a Mormon pioneer, an early Latter-day Saint bishop in Salt Lake City, and a businessman in early Utah Territory who operated mills.

Woolley was born in West Chester, Pennsylvania, and raised in a Quaker family. He joined the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints in the 1830s and later served as a missionary in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.

In 1851, Woolley was a member of the Utah Territorial Legislature. For many years Woolley was bishop of the 13th Ward of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Salt Lake City. He referred to a member of his ward, the young Heber J. Grant, as lazy, which has been likened to someone calling Abraham Lincoln dishonest.[2]

Woolley was the grandfather of J. Reuben Clark and Spencer W. Kimball, among other Latter-day Saint leaders.

Early life[edit]

Edwin Dilworth Woolley was born and raised in West Chester, Pennsylvania. His family were initially members of the Society of Friends (Quakers). His mother died in 1826 and in 1831 Woolley married Mary Wickersham. When Woolley's father died in 1832, he and his wife moved with Woolley's six siblings to East Rochester, Ohio, to the Wickersham home. He operated a general store and when coal was discovered on his property he set up a mining operation as well. He became acquainted with Mormon missionaries but his wife was actually the first to convert. After meeting Joseph Smith's family, Woolley decided to convert as well, in 1837.[3] His family followed suit soon afterwards, as well as members of Mary's family. Woolley, being a man of influence and wealth, was appointed to serve as the leader of the East Rochester branch of the church. Woolley continued to prosper and soon was financing Mormon operations and loaning money to the founder of the church, Joseph Smith. He also served an LDS proselytizing mission to West Chester, Pennsylvania.[4]

Life in Nauvoo[edit]

Crossing the Mississippi River, the LDS community settled first in Quincy, Illinois in 1839 and then in 1840, Nauvoo, Illinois, which had previously been known as the town of Commerce, Illinois. Woolley operated a general store in Nauvoo. Joseph Smith's claim of a revelation concerning plural marriage was first read in the Woolley home and started the practice of polygamy in the church [5] and soon thereafter Woolley married his second and third wives, Ellen Wilding and Mary Louisa Gordon.[6] When conflict between Mormons and non-Mormons reached a peak and Joseph Smith had been killed by an angry mob, the Illinois legislature asked the Mormons to leave Illinois in 1844 and in 1846 [7] Woolley and his family began the westward trek towards their new home in Utah, which at the time was still land claimed by the Republic of Mexico.[8]

Life in Utah[edit]

Arriving in the Salt Lake Valley in 1848, the family was assigned a lot which was at the current location of 300 East and 300 South (now downtown). Woolley also farmed on a tract of land which was just south of the city.[9] As was his custom, he also engaged in merchandising. He was later appointed as the business manager of Brigham Young's many enterprises. He was appointed as bishop (LDS equivalent of a parish leader) of the 13th Ward (LDS equivalent for a parish) in Salt Lake City. This post he served from 1854-1881. He also served several terms as a representative in the Utah Territorial Legislature and as Salt Lake County Recorder. In business, he assisted in the forming of the Deseret Telegraph Company and Zion's Cooperative Mercantile Institution (ZCMI). In 1850 he married his fourth wife, Mary Ann Olpin (or Alpin).[10] In 1857, Woolley married his fifth and six wives, Betsy Ann F. Jackman and her adult daughter Elizabeth Ann J. Marshall.[11] These last two wives are not mentioned in some of the literature and it seems that Woolley divorced the two of them and they left the community.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Smith 1994, p. 16
  2. ^ Madsen, Truman G., Defender of the Faith: The B. H. Roberts Story, (Salt Lake City: Bookcraft, 1980) p. 67
  3. ^ Arrington, Leonard J.;Bitton, Davis Saints without Halos (Signature Books, 1981 Retrieved 10-26-11) Chapter Six
  4. ^ Arrington, Leonard J. Edwin Dilworth Woolley (American National Biography, V 23, 1999) p. 847
  5. ^ Arrington, Leonard J.;Bitton, Davis Saints without Halos (Signature Books, 1981 Retrieved Oct. 26, 2011) Chapter Six
  6. ^ Smith, George D. Nauvoo Roots of Mormon Polygamy, 1841-1846: A Preliminary Demographic Report (Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 27 (1). Retrieved Oct. 22, 2011) p. 15
  7. ^ Arrington, Leonard J. Edwin Dilworth Woolley (American National Biography, V 23, 1999) p. 847
  8. ^ Murphy, Miram B. The War in Mexico had a Major Impact on Utah History (Utah History to Go, State of Utah, 2011, retrieved Oct. 25, 2011)
  9. ^ Arrington, Leonard J.;Bitton, Davis Saints without Halos (Signature Books, 1981) Chapter Six. Retrieved 10-26-11
  10. ^ Obituary Notes: Obituary of Mary Ann Alpin Woolley (The Deseret Weekly, V. 49, 1894)
  11. ^ Smith, George D. Nauvoo Roots of Mormon Polygamy, 1841-1846: A Preliminary Demographic Report (Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought 27 (1). Retrieved Oct. 22, 2011) p. 15

References[edit]