Edwin Hugh Lundie

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Edwin Hugh Lundie (October 13, 1886 – January 8, 1972) was an American architect who established his firm in 1917,[1] in downtown Saint Paul, Minnesota. He designed homes, country estates, timber-frame cabins, and public spaces, until his death at age 85. "He consistently drew from the vernacular forms that connected him to his clients’ tastes,"[2] favoring the historical architectural precedents of Norman, Tudor, early Scandinavian, and American colonial.[3] In 1922, he became a member of the American Institute of Architects (AIA),"[4] and in 1948, he became Fellow, FAIA, "for his contribution to the advancement of the profession because of his achievement in design."[4] “Lundie belongs to a generation who came to the profession with a background in the grand manner of the Beaux-Arts but went on to pursue a career devoted to the domestic work – a regionalist in the best sense of the word with work connecting to Scandinavian sources that no doubt resonated with many of his clients because of their ancestry but also seemed admirably suited to the lake country of northern Minnesota." [5]

Life and work[edit]

Edwin H. Lundie was born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and at the age of thirteen, he moved with his parents to Salem, South Dakota. Then, just out of high school, in 1904, he departed for Saint Paul, Minnesota, where he began his career in architecture as an apprentice in the Saint Paul firm of Cass Gilbert (1858-1934) with Mr. Gilbert's colleague Thomas Holyoke (1866-1925), from 1904 through 1911. When Mr. Gilbert moved entirely to his office in New York, Edwin Lundie continued as a draftsman for Thomas Holyoke, and at the same time he studied drawing at the Saint Paul School of Art.[6] With the encouragement of Mr. Holyoke, in 1911, Edwin Lundie joined the staff of the firm of the French-trained Emmanuel Masqueray (1861-1917) as draftsman, with affiliation in the Atelier Masqueray, in Saint Paul, influenced through the American Society of Beaux-Arts Architecture.[7] For the next several years Edwin Lundie assimilated into Masqueray’s office, and was steeped in the rigors of an enormous workload of complex and grand-scale architectural commissions, while readily absorbing the principles of architectural design.[3]

Lundie became a lead draftsman remaining with Emmanuel Masqueray until the latter's unexpected death in 1917. At this time, Edwin Lundie, with two of his fellow draftsmen, Frederick Slifer (1885-1948) and Frank Abrahamson (1885-1972), from the office of Monsieur Masqueray, formed a temporary partnership to divide and complete several of Masqueray's remaining commissions. Lundie was individually responsible for overseeing the implementation and completion of Masqueray's designs for the Cathedral of Saint Joseph in Sioux Falls, South Dakota, and the Chapel of Saint Thomas Aquinas, at the University of St. Thomas, in Saint Paul, Minnesota.[7] This same year, in 1917, Edwin H. Lundie opened his own office in Saint Paul's Endicott building, where he had been employed for the prior thirteen years, and where he would remain in private practice as an architect for the next five decades specializing in domestic architecture varying in scale from cottages to country estates. "Lundie did not call on the repertoire of the more lavish Renaissance and Beaux-Arts forms that distinguished the careers of his previous employers. Instead, he took his classical training and inherent art talent in a different direction, favoring smaller, less formal designs on a more intimate scale. Lundie's architecture was defined by the use of traditional materials, processes, and the talents of a variety of artisans. “He created a paradigm for an intimate cultural connectedness so often missing in the modernist, somewhat elitist proposition of service. That model would give greater importance to the transformation of convention, type, style, and image and put diminished importance on invention.”[8]

Edwin Lundie's approach to design was to convey the spirit of not only what was necessary to execute the authenticity of his creations, but also to exemplify the charm of engagement of human craftsmanship. He always wished to attract clients who represented what he called an aristocracy of good taste, and he chose his clients, whether for big projects or small who he thought had an awareness and appreciation for fine things within what they can afford to do. He communicated his vision with clients and was inspired to express his ideas through presentation drawings and design. He was a true artist of the architectural perspective rendering genre, always paying meticulous attention to the chronological architectural period, studying and refining the details, and applying great sensitivity to the picturesque context of each client architectural situation."[3] "He sustained a high level of humanness in his type and method. Through paradigm shifts in technology, new types and new methods come and go; a sense of humanity often escapes, but architecture is enhanced when it is sustained. Through finesse his designs extended toward what his clients found aesthetically pleasing and comfortable: a delivery of his integration of art and architecture."[9]

"In sharp contrast to the Modernists who were getting much of the attention during the height of his career, Lundie gravitated toward the classical. His work was inspired both by...the French Beaux-Arts movement and the practicality of the Colonial Revivalists: homes with even proportions, shutters and a cottage style that evoked a feeling of rural England or the French countryside. Lundie's trademark became taking basic elements of the home and turning them into discrete works of art."[10] "Edwin Lundie designed houses that evoke a sense of the old way of building, elemental and beyond the whims of style. Whereas most Period Revival architects approached their work as a kind of theater, for Lundie it seems to have been more: a genuine effort to find meaning in the forms and techniques of the past." [11]

Personal life[edit]

Edwin Hugh Lundie's parents were Samuel F. and Emma Lenora (Hitchcock) Lundie. He married Grace Holroyd Nash, October 17, 1917. The couple had one child, Ellen Louise (Mrs. Charles Edward Thompson).[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eileen Michels, Encounter with artists number nine: Edwin Hugh Lundie, F.A.I.A. (1886-1972), Minnesota Museum of Art, 1972
  2. ^ Dale Mulfinger, ‘’The Architecture of Edwin Lundie,’’ Saint Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 1995.
  3. ^ a b c Peter J. O'Toole, "Edwin H. Lundie - Five Decades - A Journey of Art & Architecture,’’ Saint Paul: Artist Book Press, 2016.
  4. ^ a b "The AIA Historical Directory of American Architects". aia.org.
  5. ^ Robert A. M. Stern, Architect, New York, February 2018
  6. ^ ’’In Conversation with Mr. Lundie,’’ Northwest Architect (May–June, 1969).
  7. ^ a b c "Edwin H. Lundie Papers, Northwest Architectural Archives, University of Minnesota Libraries". umn.edu.
  8. ^ Dale Mulfinger, ‘’Edwin Lundie,’’ Architecture Minnesota (November-December, 1992).
  9. ^ Peter J. O'Toole, ‘’Edwin H. Lundie ~ Companion ~ The Office of an Architect,’’ Saint Paul: Artist Book Press, 2018.
  10. ^ Jackie Crosby, Streetscapes: Edwin Lundie filled his houses with hand-designed touches Minneapolis Star and Tribune, March 8, 2015
  11. ^ Larry Millett, AIA Guide to the Twin Cities (St. Paul: Minnesota Historical Society Press, 2007), 557.