Edwin Smith (Egyptologist)

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Edwin Smith
Edwin Smith (1822-1906) B&W photo of 1847 portrait.JPG
Portrait of Edwin Smith painted 1847 by Francesco Anelli, in the collection of the New-York Historical Society.
Born 1822
Bridgeport, Connecticut
Died April 27, 1906(1906-04-27) (aged 83–84)
Nationality American
Occupation dealer and collector of antiquities
Known for Edwin Smith Papyrus

Edwin Smith (1822 – April 27, 1906) was an American dealer and collector of antiquities who gave his name to an Ancient Egyptian medical papyrus, the Edwin Smith Papyrus.

Biography[edit]

Smith was born in Orlando, Florida,[1][2] and lived in Egypt during the latter half of the 19th century. In 1862 he came temporarily into possession of a medical papyrus which was sold by its Egyptian owner to Georg Ebers in 1873 and published by Ebers in 1875.[3] It was thus best known as the Ebers Papyrus.

In 1862 he also purchased the papyrus which came to bear his name, from a dealer called Mustapha Aga at Luxor.[4] Smith's knowledge of hieratic was not sufficient to enable him to translate the papyrus, a task which was undertaken by James Henry Breasted, aided by Dr. Arno B. Luckhardt, a professor of physiology, and led to the publication of the translation in 1930.

Edwin Smith died in 1906.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Frederick G. Kilgour Journal of the American Society for Information Science, Volume 44, Issue 5 , Pages 292 - 297, 1993.
  2. ^ Breasted (1922), p.9
  3. ^ Clagett (1995), p.193
  4. ^ Breasted (1922), p. 30

References[edit]