|Edzell shown within Angus|
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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Edzell (Scots: Aigle, Scottish Gaelic: Eigill) is a village in Angus, Scotland. It is 5 miles (8 km) north of Brechin, by the River North Esk. Edzell is a Georgian-era planned town, with a broad main street and a grid system of side streets. Originally called Slateford, Edzell was renamed in 1818 after an earlier hamlet 1.5 miles (2.5 km) to the west, which by then had been abandoned. Edzell's population in 2004 was 780.
The original village of Edzell was located around the walls of the first Edzell Castle, a motte and bailey structure to the south of the present castle. Of this village, only part of the church now remains, within the original churchyard.
The existing village of Slateford was expanded in the early 19th century by the Earl of Panmure. The new parish church, replacing the one in the old village, was built in 1818 on the village's north boundary, and led to the official renaming of the village as Edzell.
In 1861, Queen Victoria and Prince Albert visited Edzell, as part of a Royal progress through Angus and Kincardineshire, just weeks before Albert's sudden death. Edzell was not connected to the railway until 1896, and only had a passenger service until 1931, although it reopened experimentally in the summer of 1938. The line closed to freight traffic in 1964. In the twentieth century, the increasing popularity of golf led to more tourists visiting Edzell Golf Club. At one point the village had three large hotels, but it now has only two, along with a series of B&Bs. There are two tearooms, a pharmacy, a post office, two shops and two hairdressers.
- Dr Robert Pollock Gillespie FRSE mathematician, retired to Edzell in 1969 and died here in 1977.
- Sir William Gammie Ogg retired here and is buried in the local churchyard
- George Cooper (1749-1831), merchant, founder of Glencadam Whisky Distillery, philanthropist
The most distinctive landmark of the village is the Dalhousie Arch, which spans the main road into Edzell from the south. It was erected in 1887 to commemorate the deaths of the 13th Earl of Dalhousie and his wife, both of whom died on the same day. Confusion with a similar arch in the neighbouring village of Fettercairn, built in 1864 to commemorate Victoria and Albert's stay at the village's Ramsay Hotel, has led some to believe that Edzell's arch was built to commemorate the Queen's Golden Jubilee in 1887, but this is not the case.
Other significant buildings in the village include the Inglis Memorial Hall, a gothic building gifted to the village by Sir Robert Inglis in 1896, in memoriam of his father. It now houses the local library. Edzell Muir is a large expanse of parkland and sport fields to the north of the village, used extensively for picnicking and municipal events, and upgraded in 2000.
The village is also known for the Rocks of Solitude walk that is accessed through a blue door by the River Esk which runs along the village.
A former Royal Air Force airfield RAF Edzell is situated four miles (7 km) from Edzell by road, but only one mile (1.5 km) directly east, over the North Esk. It was active for over fifty years, first as a RAF station during World War II, and later on lease to the United States Navy, from 1960 until its decommissioning in 1996, and final closure in 1997. Following the closure of the base, the houses, airfield, and administrative buildings were put up for sale. The married quarters (houses) were purchased by a developer and individually sold; these houses now make up the village of Edzell Woods. The airfield & administrative buildings of the base are owned by Carnegie Base Services.
One product of the U.S. Navy presence at Edzell was the creation of a registered tartan for the U.S. Navy cryptologists of the Navy Security Group Activity (NSGA) at Edzell. The tartan design was created at by Strathmore Woolen Company at the request of Mrs. Janet Demech (wife of Edzell's commander, Captain Fred R. Demech, USN), with input from Mrs. Demesh and Mrs. Pam Schaffer. The tartan was unveiled on 6 July 1985, the 25th anniversary of the U.S. Navy presence at Edzell. While the U.S. Navy site at Edzell was closed in September 1997 (after 37 years of service) the "US Navy Edzell" tartan  continues to increase in (unofficial) popularity with U.S. Navy personnel, particularly members of the Cryptologic and Intelligence specialties.
- The Online Scots Dictionary
- "Stonehaven and Banchory", Ordnance Survey Landranger Map (C1 ed.), 2009, ISBN 0-319-23168-2
- GRO Scotland Archived 25 January 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Walk of the week: River North Esk, Edzell". www.scotsman.com. Retrieved 2017-10-01.
- John Masterton Final Watch Officer, RAF Edzell. Keith Bryers, "Scotland's wartime airfields: Conflict and legacy" Scottish Geographical Journal, Volume 121, Issue 1, 2005, pages 45–65.
- "History - Edzell Woods Community Trust". Edzell Woods Community Trust. Retrieved 7 September 2017.
- Information on the origin of US Navy Edzell tartan
- "US Navy Edzell" tartan page of the Scottish Register of Tartans.
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