Eenhana

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Eenhana
Eenhana is located in Namibia
Eenhana
Eenhana
Location in Namibia
Coordinates: 17°27′57″S 16°20′13″E / 17.46583°S 16.33694°E / -17.46583; 16.33694Coordinates: 17°27′57″S 16°20′13″E / 17.46583°S 16.33694°E / -17.46583; 16.33694
Country  Namibia
Region Ohangwena Region
Government
 • Mayor Julia Shikongo
 • Town Council CEO Walde Ndevashiya
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 5,528
Time zone SAST (UTC+2)
Climate BSh

Eenhana (IPA: [ɛːˈn̥ana]) is the capital town of the Ohangwena Region, northern Namibia, on the border with Angola. It also used to be a mission station of the Finnish Missionary Society.

Eenhana is situated in a subtropical forest. It is connected to the road network and has a well-developed infrastructure. Due to the proximity of Angola, many businesses are situated here. The town hosts an annual trade fair.

The name Eenhana comes from the word calves in Oshikwanyama and is a reference to the calves that used to water at the small water pan where Eenhana is now located.[2]

History[edit]

Eenhana was founded around New Year's Day 1930 by the Reverend Paulus Hamutenya. He was one of the first seven Ovambos to be ordained pastors in Oniipa, Ovamboland, in 1925 by the director of the Finnish Missionary Society, Matti Tarkkanen.[3]

Hamutenya had earlier lived in Edundja, where he had built a church. However, the area became crowded, and he decided to found a new settlement for the Oukwanyama people in the woods, 60 kilometres (37 mi) to the east of Engela. Oukwanyamas from Angola had already begun to move in that area. The South West African government made Hamutenya the local head of the tribesmen of Eastern Oukwanyama. In 1932, Hamutenya built a church in Eenhana. He died the same year after a short illness.[4]

The Eenhana mission station was founded by the nurse Linda Helenius in 1936. Eenhana thus became the centre of medical care in Eastern Oukwanyama for several decades. Teacher Suoma Hirvonen soon joined Helenius on this new mission station.[5]

Before Namibian independence it was a military centre of the South African Defence Force without public infrastructure. It was proclaimed a settlement in 1992, and a town in 1999.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Eenhana, Namibia
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.2
(77.4)
24.7
(76.5)
24.2
(75.6)
23.7
(74.7)
20.5
(68.9)
16.9
(62.4)
16.8
(62.2)
19.3
(66.7)
23.5
(74.3)
25.8
(78.4)
26.1
(79)
25.4
(77.7)
22.7
(72.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 125.1
(4.925)
133.3
(5.248)
113.5
(4.469)
48.7
(1.917)
9.1
(0.358)
0.2
(0.008)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.04)
14.2
(0.559)
58.1
(2.287)
86.8
(3.417)
590
(23.228)
Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst[6]

Trade[edit]

The entrance to Eenhana Open Market

The town attempts to attract businesses to the town through business exhibitions, small and medium enterprises and tourism activities. Eenhana Town Council hosts an annual trade fair since 2008.[7] It is investing into marketing activities directed at investors and is assisting business development by developing open markets and providing business skills.[8]

Education[edit]

Eenhana is the home to six schools, three primary, one special school and two secondary:

Other education institutions include:

Politics[edit]

Eenhana is governed by a town council that has seven seats.[9]

The 2015 local authority election was won by SWAPO which gained six seats (1,322 votes). The remaining seat was won by the Rally for Democracy and Progress (RDP) with 152 votes.[10]

A Main Street in Eenhana


References[edit]

  1. ^ "Table 4.2.2 Urban population by Census years (2001 and 2011)" (PDF). Namibia 2011 - Population and Housing Census Main Report. Namibia Statistics Agency. p. 39. Retrieved 24 August 2016. 
  2. ^ Eenhana Town Council[permanent dead link] About us
  3. ^ Peltola 1958, p. 212.
  4. ^ Peltola 1958, p. 212, 232.
  5. ^ Peltola 1958, p. 232.
  6. ^ "Klimatafel von Eenhana / Namibia" (PDF). Federal Ministry of Transport and Digital Infrastructure. Retrieved 2 November 2016. 
  7. ^ "SBN supports Eenhana Trade and Business Expo". Die Republikein. 8 June 2010. 
  8. ^ Heita, Desie (8 April 2009). "Eenhana on Massive Marketing Drive". New Era. Archived from the original on 16 March 2012. Retrieved 28 Sep 2010. 
  9. ^ "Know Your Local Authority". Election Watch (3). Institute for Public Policy Research. 2015. p. 4. 
  10. ^ "Local elections results". Electoral Commission of Namibia. 28 November 2015. p. 5. 

External links[edit]