Egberto Gismonti, 1980
|Birth name||Egberto Amin Gismonti|
5 December 1947 |
Carmo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
|Genres||Progressive rock, folk rock, jazz|
|Instruments||8-string guitar, 10 string guitar, piano, wood flutes, kalimba, indian organ|
|Associated acts||Jan Garbarek
Gismonti was born in Carmo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, into a musical family. His mother was from Sicily and his father was from Beirut, Lebanon. At the age of six, he started studying the piano at Conservatório Brasileiro de Música. After studying the classical repertoire in Brazil for fifteen years, he went to Paris to delve into modern music. He studied with Nadia Boulanger (1887–1979), after acceptence as a student by the composer Jean Barraqué, a student of Anton Webern and Schoenberg. Boulanger encouraged Gismonti to write the collective Brazilian experience into his music.
Gismonti is an autodidact guitarist and after returning to Brazil, he designed guitars with more then six strings, expanding the posibilities of the instrument. Approaching the fretboard as if it were a keyboard, Gismonti gives the impression that there is more than a single guitar player. Gismonti's sojourn in the Xingu region of the Amazon basin made a lasting impression. This is documented musically in tunes like "Yualapeti" and "Sapain" (Yualapeti shaman, Sapain) and in the recordings Danças das Cabeças (Dances of the Heads, 1977), Sol de Meio Dia (Mid-day Sun, 1978), which he dedicated to the Xingu, and Duas Vozes (Two Voices, 1984).
The musical career of Gismonti spans five decades. The major phases are distinguished by record company, the ensemble format, and the musical collaborators. The most importent ensembles are his Brazilian group Academia de Danças, including Mauro Senise (saxophone and flutes), Zeca Assumpção (bass) and Nenê (Realcino Lima Filho, drums and percussion), the duo with Naná Vasconcelos (percussion), and the trio with Charlie Haden (bass) and Jan Garbarek (saxophone). Dança das Cabecas, the first ECM record, was nominated 'Album of the Year' by Stereo Review and received the 1977 'Großer Deutscher Schallplattenpreis'.
- Egberto Gismonti (Elenco, 1969)
- Sonho '70 (Polydor, 1970)
- Orfeo Novo (MPS, 1970)
- Agua e Vinho (EMI-Odeon, 1972) 
- Egberto Gismonti (EMI-Odeon, 1973)
- Árvore (1973)
- Academia de Danças (EMI, 1974)
- Corações Futuristas (Odeon, 1976)
- Carmo (EMI, 1977)
- Dança Das Cabeças (ECM, 1977) with Naná Vasconcelos
- No Caipira (Odeon, 1978)
- Sol Do Meio Dia (ECM, 1978)
- Circense (EMI, 1979)
- Solo (ECM, 1979)
- Magico (ECM, 1979) with Charlie Haden and Jan Garbarek
- Circense (1980)
- Folk Songs (ECM, 1981) with Charlie Haden and Jan Garbarek
- Sanfona (ECM, 1981) solo and with Academia de Dancas
- Em Família (EMI, 1981)
- Fantasía (1982)
- Cidade Coração (1983)
- Bandeira do Brasil (1984)
- Duaz Voces (ECM, 1984)
- Trem Caipira (ECM, 1985)
- Live at Berlin Jazzbühne Jazz Festival (1984)
- Alma (1986)
- O Pagador de Promesas (1988)
- Dança Dos Escravos (ECM, 1989)
- Feixe de Lux (1988)
- Infancia (1990)
- Amazonia (1991)
- Casa das Andorinhas (1992)
- Musica de Sobrevivencia (1993)
- Brasil Musical (1993)
- Zig Zag (1995)
- Meeting Point (1997)
- In Montreal (ECM, 2001) with Charlie Haden
- Antologia (2003)
- Saudações (ECM, 2009)
- Magico: Carta de Amor with Jan Garbarek and Charlie Haden (ECM, 2012 )
As producer, arranger
- Naná Vasconcelos, Saudades (ECM, 1979)
- Paul Horn, Altura Do Sol (High Sun)/The Altitude of the Sun (1975, Epic); music composed by Gismonti, who played with Horn on recording
- Yeahwon Shin, Yeahwon (2010); Gismonti plays piano on the final track
- AllMusic Biography
- Gilman, Bruce. "Egberto Gismonti". Brazzil.com. Retrieved 2016-06-28.
- "Egberto Gismonti". Biography. ECM Records. Retrieved 2016-06-28.
- "Egberto Gismonti". Biography. AllAboutJAzz. Retrieved 2016-06-28.
- "Egberto Gismonti é destaque na série "Discos Fundamentais"" (in Portuguese). OlhoVivo. 2012-11-13. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "Egberto Gismonti". Discography. Discogs.com. Retrieved 2016-06-28.