Egg-and-dart

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Egg-and-dart molding at the top of an Ionic capital at the Jefferson Memorial[citation needed]

Egg-and-dart, also known as egg-and-tongue, egg and anchor, or egg and star,[1] is an ornamental device adorning the fundamental quarter-round, convex ovolo profile of moulding, consisting of alternating details on the face of the ovolo—typically an egg-shaped object alternating with a V-shaped element[1] (e.g., an arrow, anchor, or dart).[citation needed] The device is carved or otherwise fashioned into ovolos composed of wood, stone, plaster, or other materials.[citation needed]

Egg-and-dart enrichment of the ovolo molding of the Ionic capital was used by ancient Greek builders, so it is found in ancient Greek architecture (e.g., the Erechtheion at the Acropolis of Athens),[2] was used later by the Romans and continues to adorn capitals of modern buildings built in Classical styles (e.g., the Ionic capitals of the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, D.C.).[citation needed] The moulding design element continues in use in neoclassical architecture.[3][4][full citation needed]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lewis, Philippa; G. Darley (1986). Dictionary of Ornament. New York: Pantheon. p. 116. ISBN 0-394-50931-5.
  2. ^ Shoe, Lucy T. (1936) Profiles of Greek Mouldings,[full citation needed] and Shoe, Lucy T. (1950) "Greek Mouldings of Kos and Rhodes", Hesperia 19(4, Oct-Dec):338-369.
  3. ^ Regan, Raina (February 21, 2012). "Building Language: Egg-and-dart". Historic Indianapolis. historicindianapolis.com. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  4. ^ "Egg-and-dart". Buffalo as an Architectural Museum. buffaloah.com. Retrieved 11 September 2016.[full citation needed]

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