|Serving temperature||Fresh from oven|
|Main ingredients||Flour, butter, sugar, egg, milk|
|Cookbook: Egg tart Media: Egg tart|
|Literal meaning||egg tart|
The egg tart or egg custard tart (commonly romanized as dan that) is a kind of custard tart found in Portugal, England, Hong Kong, and various Asian countries, which consists of an outer pastry crust that is filled with egg custard and baked.
Before introduced to Hong Kong, it is reported that it was first found in 1920s Guangzhou. Because of the First Opium War, European Culture expanded in Guangzhou. During the 1920s, the competition between hypermarkets are becoming more and more brutal. One of them provided a new kind of dim sum to the market in order to win the competition, and then the others followed.
Custard tarts derived from the Portuguese pastry were introduced in Hong Kong in the 1940s by cha chaan tengs via the Portuguese colony of Macau. Hong Kong egg tarts are an adaptation of pastel de nata, popular in Macau. Canton (modern Guangdong) had more frequent contact with the West, in particular Britain and Portugal, than the rest of China. Also, being a neighbour of Macau, Hong Kong has adopted some of the Macanese cuisine.
Other than Egg Tart, there is also the Coconut Tart.
Hong Kong cuisine
Today, egg tarts come in many variations within Hong Kong cuisine, including egg white, milk, honey-egg, ginger-flavoured egg, which are variations of a traditional milk custard and egg custard, and also chocolate tarts, green-tea-flavoured tarts, and even bird's nest tarts.
Overall, egg tarts have two main types of crusts: shortcrust pastry or puff pastry, traditionally made with lard rather than butter or shortening. They are both filled with a rich custard that is much eggier and less creamy than English custard tarts.
Portuguese egg tarts evolved from "pastel de nata", a traditional Portuguese custard pastry that consists of a crème brûlée-like custard caramelized in a crust, as created over 200 years ago by Catholic Sisters at Jerónimos Monastery (Portuguese: Mosteiro dos Jerónimos) at Belém in Lisbon. Casa Pastéis de Belém was the first pastry shop outside of the convent to sell this pastry in 1837. It is now a popular pastry in many pastry shops around the world owned by Portuguese descendants.
- "Behind the scenes of Hong Kong's most loved egg tart bakery". Hiufu Wong. CNN Travel. 2 August 2010. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
- "Cantonese Egg Tarts Recipe". Christine. Christine's Recipes. 25 March 2009. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
- "World's 50 best foods". CNN Travel. 21 July 2011. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Egg tart.|
- A simple recipe for egg tarts
- Recipe of traditional English-style custard tart which inspired the Chinese version
- AVBuzz.com, a Hong Kong-based online photographic society, has its photographs capturing the crowds around Tai Cheong's Bakery.
- Lord Stow's Bakery
- The egg tart column(蛋挞专题, Pinyin: dàntà zhuāntí) form 5hpk.com contains many recipes, people's feeling, gallery and also history and so on. (text in Chinese characters)
- Macau style Egg Tart (蛋撻) Recipe