Eggshell membrane is derived commercially from the eggshells of industrial processors. In the United States, egg-breaking facilities generate more than 24 billion broken eggshells every year. There are various ways in which the membrane is separated from the shell, including chemical, mechanical, steam, and vacuum processes.
Eggshell membrane is primarily composed of fibrous proteins such as collagen type I. Eggshell membranes also contain glycosaminoglycans, such as dermatan sulfate, chondroitin sulfate, and sulfated glycoproteins including hexosamines, such as glucosamine. Other components identified in eggshell membranes are hyaluronic acid, sialic acid, desmosine, isodesmosine, ovotransferrin, lysyl oxidase, lysozyme, and β-N-acetylglucosaminidase.
It has also been tried in rats as a cosmetic ingredient.
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- Matsuoka, Ryosuke; Kurihara, Hitoshi; Yukawa, Hiroko; Sasahara, Ryou (December 2019). "Eggshell membrane protein can be absorbed and utilised in the bodies of rats". BMC Research Notes. 12 (1): 258. doi:10.1186/s13104-019-4306-0.