Egloshayle

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Egloshayle
Wadebridge The old Bridge.jpg
The Old Bridge at Wadebridge
Egloshayle is located in Cornwall
Egloshayle
Egloshayle
Egloshayle shown within Cornwall
Population 406 (United Kingdom Census 2011)
OS grid reference SX001719
Civil parish
  • Egloshayle
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WADEBRIDGE
Postcode district PL27
Dialling code 01208
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
CornwallCoordinates: 50°30′47″N 4°49′16″W / 50.513°N 4.821°W / 50.513; -4.821
Egloshayle Church.

Egloshayle (pronounced "eglos-hale"[1]Cornish: Eglosheyl[2]eglos meaning church and heyl meaning estuary) is a civil parish and village in north Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. The village is beside the River Camel, southeast of Wadebridge.[3] The civil parish stretches southeast from the village and includes Washaway and Sladesbridge.

History[edit]

Egloshayle was a Bronze Age settlement and later a river port, rivalling Padstow 5 miles (8.0 km) downriver. The trade consisted of tin, clay, wool, and vegetable crops[citation needed]. Egloshayle is now a residential suburb of Wadebridge.

Wadebridge developed in the parishes of Egloshayle and St Breock. A Vicar of Egloshayle named Thomas Lovibond was responsible for the construction of the first bridge across the River Camel to replace a dangerous ford. Begun in 1468 and completed in 1485, the bridge was traditionally known as the "Bridge on Wool" because it was reputedly built on wool sacks. In fact, however, it has been proven to be founded directly on the underlying bedrock.[4]

Churches[edit]

The parish church, named after St Petroc, is built almost entirely in the Perpendicular style. It has a Norman font, a stone pulpit dating from the 15th century, and also has a fine monument to Dame Barbara Molesworth (ob. 1735). There is a peal of eight bells: the tenor bell weighs 12-1-25.[5]

The Anglican chapel at Washaway, dating from 1883, has a font which is one of the earliest in the county. Arthur Langdon (1896) recorded that there were six stone crosses in the parish, including two in the parish churchyard and one at Washaway. Three-hole Cross is about a mile and a half north of Egloshayle at a crossroads.[6]

The bell-ringers of the village are celebrated in the song The Ringers of Egloshayle.[7] The ringers named in the song are all buried in the churchyard of the village church and their names may be seen on the headstones. The song has been recorded by, amongst others, the well-known Cornish singer Brenda Wootton.

Notable buildings and antiquities[edit]

Local private properties of interest include Pencarrow House (18th century) and Croan House (17th century), each of which have seven bays. Kelly Rounds (or Castle Killibury) is an Iron Age fort on the border of the parish and has been associated with the legend of King Arthur.[8]

Notable people[edit]

William Lobb, a plant collector[9] spent his early life at Egloshayle.[citation needed]

Arthur Hamilton Norway (1859–1938), who became head of the Post Office in Ireland before the First World War, and the father of novelist Nevil Shute, was born in the village.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names; new ed., edited and transcribed by G. E. Pointon. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983; p. 84
  2. ^ Place-names in the Standard Written Form (SWF) : List of place-names agreed by the MAGA Signage Panel Archived May 15, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. Cornish Language Partnership.
  3. ^ Ordnance Survey: Landranger map sheet 200 Newquay & Bodmin ISBN 978-0-319-22938-5
  4. ^ Wadebridge and the Bridge on Wool at cornishlight.co.uk
  5. ^ Dove, R. H. (1982) A Bellringer's Guide to the Church Bells of Britain and Ringing Peals of the World, 6th ed. Aldershot: Viggers
  6. ^ Langdon, A. G. (1896) Old Cornish Crosses. Truro: Joseph Pollard
  7. ^ "An Old Cornish Song, The Egloshayle Ringers". 
  8. ^ Pevsner, N. (1970), Cornwall, 2nd ed. Penguin Books
  9. ^ "William Lobb in Ecuador and the Enigma of Solanum lobbianum". www.devoran.org.uk. Archived from the original on November 21, 2008. Retrieved 12 December 2008. 
  10. ^ 1901 Census of England and Wales

External links[edit]

Media related to Egloshayle at Wikimedia Commons