Egnatia Odos (modern road)

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A2 motorway shield

A2 motorway
Αυτοκινητόδρομος 2
Egnatia odos
Εγνατία Οδός
Via Egnatia
Route of Egnatia Odos
Route information
Part of E90
Length670 km (420 mi)
Major junctions
FromIgoumenitsa
ToKipoi
Location
Regions:Epirus, Macedonia, Thrace
Highway system
Motorways in Greece
For the ancient Roman road of the same name, see Via Egnatia.
For the street in Thessaloniki, see Egnatia Street.

Egnatia Odos or Egnatia Motorway (Greek: Εγνατία Οδός, often translated as Via Egnatia, code: A2) is the Greek part of European route Tabliczka E90.svg. It is a motorway in Greece that extends from the western port of Igoumenitsa to the eastern Greek–Turkish border at Kipoi. It runs a total of 670 km (420 mi). The megaproject began in 1994 and was completed in 2009 at a cost of €5.93 billion ($7 billion);[1] it was managed by the company Egnatia Odos, S.A.

Geography[edit]

The route traverses the mountainous Greek regions of Epirus and Macedonia, crossing the Pindos and Vermio mountain ranges, which posed formidable engineering challenges. It includes 76 tunnels (with a combined length of 99 km / 61.5 miles) and 1,650 bridges. It is a limited-access highway with sophisticated electronic surveillance measures, SCADA controls for the lighting/tunnel ventilation, and advanced vehicle collision absorption measures.[2]

Part of its length, a section of about 360 km (220 mi) from Evros to Thessaloniki, parallels the ancient Roman Via Egnatia, which ran from modern Durrës in Albania to Thessaloniki and thence to Byzantium (now Istanbul, Turkey). The project has therefore been dubbed a modern Via Egnatia (in Greek, Egnatia Odos / Εγνατία Οδός). However, the parallel is not exact; the original Via Egnatia was much longer (1,120 km / 696 miles) and its western section, from Thessaloniki to the Adriatic Sea, ran much further north than the modern road.

The project has raised concerns for the survival of nearby sites of ecological and archaeological significance. The construction of the Pindos stretch (i.e. from Grevena to Ioannina) was delayed due to environmental concerns about the destruction of the habitat of the endangered brown bear. However, a new routing was proposed in 2003, and this part was completed by April 2009.

In addition to the main highway, three perpendicular auxiliary highways are under construction connecting the highway to important cities, ports and airports of Macedonia.

History[edit]

94 km of the motorway had been built as part of other motorways, before the official project began in 1994. Between 1997 and 2004, 393 km of motorway were built.[3] The main part of the project was completed by 30 May 2009. [4] A final bridge was opened on 10 May 2014 [5]

Exit list[edit]

The exits of the completed sections of the A2 motorway:[6]

Notes
      Under construction
      Planned
Regional unit Exit Name Destinations Notes/Also as
Evros Kipoi-İpsala border crossing D.110D110 European Road 90 number DE.svg E90 to  Turkey
Road-sign-p34.svg
eastern terminus of the A2
43 Ardani GR-EO-51.svg GR-51 European Road 85 number DE.svg E85 to  Bulgaria,  Turkey
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
42 Alexandroupoli industrial area
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
41 Alexandroupoli
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
40 Makri
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
39 Mesti GR-EO-2.svg GR-2 also to Sapes and Maronia
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
Rhodope 38 Komotini east GR-EO-2.svg GR-2
Corridor IX to  Bulgaria
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
37 Komotini west GR-EO-2.svg GR-2
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
36 Iasmos
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
Xanthi 35 Xanthi east GR-EO-2.svg GR-2
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
34 Xanthi west
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
Kavala 33 Chrysoupoli
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
32A Perni
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
32 Lefki GR-EO-2.svg GR-2
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
31 Kavala east GR-EO-12.svg GR-12 Also to Drama
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
30 Palio
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
29 Kavala west
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
28C Eleftheroupoli
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
28B Moustheni
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
28A GalypsosOrfani
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
Serres 28 Strymonas GR-EO-2.svg GR-2 GR-EO-59.svg GR-59 to Serres, Drama
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
Thessaloniki 27 Asprovalta
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
26 Rentina
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
25A Nymfopetra
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
25 Profitis GR-EO-2.svg GR-2
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
24 Lagadas Autokinetodromos A25 number.svg A25 European Road 79 number DE.svg E79 to Serres,  Bulgaria
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
23B Derveni
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
23A Girokomeio
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
23/K4 Efkarpia Autokinetodromos A24 number.svg A24 to Thessaloniki, Nea Moudania
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
22/K2 Diavata GR-EO-2.svg GR-2 European Road 86 number DE.svg E86 to Giannitsa, Edessa
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
21/K1 Kalochori GR-EO-1β.svg GR-1β
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
20 Sindos south
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
20A Chalastra
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
19 Axios Autokinetodromos A1 number.svg A1 European Road 75 number DE.svg E75 to the  Republic of North Macedonia
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
18 Nea Malgara
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90 European Road 75 number DE.svg E75
Imathia 17 Kleidi Autokinetodromos A1 number.svg A1 European Road 75 number DE.svg E75 to Athens
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
16 Alexandreia
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
15 Kouloura
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
Mesi to Naousa, Skydra
Planned
14 Veria
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
Kozani 13 Polymylos
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
12 Kozani Autokinetodromos A27 number.svg A27 European Road 65 number DE.svg E65 to the  Republic of North Macedonia
GR-EO-3.svg GR-3 European Road 65 number DE.svg E65 to Larissa
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
11 Kalamia GR-EO-20.svg GR-20
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
10 Siatista east
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
9A Siatista west Autokinetodromos A29 number.svg A29 to  Albania
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
Grevena 9 Grevena east GR-EO-15.svg GR-15
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
8B Grevena west GR-EO-15.svg GR-15
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
8A Venetikos
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
Kipoureio Autokinetodromos A3 number.svg A3
Planned
8 Agia Paraskevi
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
Ioannina 7 Metsovo GR-EO-6.svg GR-6 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90
6A PeristeriChrysovitsa
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92
6 ArachthosZagoria
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92
5A Pamvotida
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92
5 Ioannina GR-EO-5.svg GR-5 European Road 951 number DE.svg E951
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92
4A Pedini Autokinetodromos A5 number.svg A5 to Arta, Agrinio
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92
4 Dodoni GR-EO-17.svg GR-17
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92
Thesprotia 3 SelloiTyria
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92
2 NeochoriParamythia GR-EO-18.svg GR-18
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92
1B Vasilikos
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92
1A IgoumenitsaLadochori
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92
1 Igoumenitsa – Lykopodi GR-EO-102.svg GR-102 European Road 55 number DE.svg E55
European Road 90 number DE.svg E90 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92
Igoumenitsa port European Road 90 number DE.svg E90 European Road 92 number DE.svg E92 European Road 55 number DE.svg E55
ferry to Kerkyra,  Italy
Road-sign-p34.svg
western terminus of the A2

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Egnatia Odos. "The Construction of the Egnatia Motorway". www.egnatia.eu. Retrieved 18 August 2018.
  2. ^ Main Road Furniture, Main Tunnel Equipment
  3. ^ "Γεφύρι της Αρτας έγινε η Εγνατία οδός". TO BHMA.
  4. ^ "Το όνειρο της Εγνατίας έγινε πραγματικότητα". TO BHMA.
  5. ^ "Ολοκληρώθηκε και τυπικά η Εγνατία Οδός". ypodomes.com. Archived from the original on 2015-01-24.
  6. ^ "Aυτοκινητόδρομος (Aftokinitodromos) A2 – Eγνατια Oδóς (Egnatia Odos)". motorways-exitlists.com.

External links[edit]