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Egoism is excessive conceit in modern dominant usage,[1] or vanity and pride. It is related with egotism, narcissism and selfishness. Egoist is self-centered and pretentious person.


Latin word "ego" meaning I.


  • Ethical egoism, the doctrine that holds that individuals ought to do what is in their self-interest
  • Psychological egoism, the doctrine that holds that individuals are always motivated by self-interest
  • Rational egoism, the belief that it is rational to act in one's self-interest

The terms "egoism" and "egotism" may also refer to:

  • Egotism, an excessive or exaggerated sense of self-importance
  • Solipsism (sometimes called egoism), the belief that only one's self exists, or that only the experiences of one's self can be verified
  • Egoist anarchism, a form of anarchism, as most often represented by Max Stirner
  • Egocentrism, inability to "put oneself in other peoples' shoes"

Philosophers who developed philosophical systems of egoism[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Altruism, the selfless concern for the welfare of others
  • Selfishness, denoting the precedence given in thought or deed to the self, i.e., self-interest or self concern
  • Selfism, a pejorative term referring to any philosophy, doctrine, or tendency that upholds explicitly selfish principles as being desirable
  • Individualism, a focus on the individual as opposed to society
  • Individualist anarchism, anarchism that exalts the supremacy of the individual
  • Machiavellianism, a tendency to deceive and manipulate others for personal gain
  • Objectivism (Ayn Rand), a philosophical system based on the writings of Ayn Rand that advocates egoism
  • Post-egoism, a philosophy aiming beyond egoism
  • Suitheism, the belief in self as a deity
  • Enlightened self-interest, a philosophy in ethics which states that persons who act to further the interests of others (or the interests of the group or groups to which they belong), ultimately serve their own self-interest.