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Egotheism or Autotheism is the deification or worship of the self.[1][2] Critics of Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Ralph Waldo Emerson used the terms to label their idea of Transcendentalism.[3][4][5][6] Autolatry is another synonym with the same definition[7] which was also used to label the philosophies of Stirner[8][9][10] and Nietzsche.[11]

Ancient religions[edit]

Several Egyptian kings declared themselves gods during their reign.[12] Identification of the atman (self) with Brahman is a tenet of some sects of Hinduism. In Jainism, one who extinguishes all of their karmas becomes a tirthankara with godlike knowledge and powers.[13]

Modern religions[edit]

Contemporary individuals who have declared themselves to be deities include Father Divine and Jim Jones.[14] Mormonism is a religion that teaches self deification.[15]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Egotheism definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary".
  2. ^ "Definition of AUTOTHEISM".
  3. ^ Versluis, Arthur (September 16, 1993). American Transcendentalism and Asian Religions. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-536037-0 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ "The Contemporary Review". A. Strahan. October 2, 1868 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ Hurth, Elisabeth (August 30, 2007). Between Faith and Unbelief: American Transcendentalists and the Challenge of Atheism. BRILL. ISBN 9789047421269 – via Google Books.
  6. ^ Woodress, James Leslie (October 3, 2004). "American Literary Scholarship". Duke University Press – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "Autolatry definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary".
  8. ^ Murray, James Augustus Henry (1888). "A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles".
  9. ^ "Lippincott's Monthly Magazine". 1868.
  10. ^ Janet, Paul (October 5, 1866). "The Materialism of the Present Day: A Critique of Dr. Büchner's System". H. Baillière – via Google Books.
  11. ^ Lefsrud, Sigurd (December 30, 2019). Kenosis in Theosis: An Exploration of Balthasar's Theology of Deification. Wipf and Stock Publishers. ISBN 9781532693687 – via Google Books.
  12. ^ Sabbahy, Lisa K. (April 24, 2019). All Things Ancient Egypt: An Encyclopedia of the Ancient Egyptian World [2 volumes]. ABC-CLIO. ISBN 9781440855139 – via Google Books.
  13. ^ Orr, Norman (January 29, 2021). Embracing Biological Humanism: Abandoning the Idea of God. Archway Publishing. ISBN 9781480898684 – via Google Books.
  14. ^ "10 Real People Who Became Gods". September 2, 2016.
  15. ^ Hewitt, Hugh (March 12, 2007). A Mormon in the White House?: 10 Things Every Conservative Should Know About Mitt Romney. Simon and Schuster. ISBN 9781596980488 – via Google Books.
  • Peabody, Elizabeth Palmer. “Egotheism, the Atheism of To-Day” 1858, (reprinted in 1886 in her Last Evening with Allston)