Egypt national football team

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Egypt
Shirt badge/Association crest
Nickname(s) The Pharaohs
(Egyptian Arabic: الفراعنة‎ El Phara'ena)
Association Egyptian Football Association
Confederation CAF (Africa)
Sub-confederation UNAF (North Africa)
Head coach Javier Aguirre
Captain Ahmed El Mohamady
Most caps Ahmed Hassan (184)
Top scorer Hossam Hassan (69)
Home stadium Borg El Arab Stadium
FIFA code EGY
First colours
Second colours
FIFA ranking
Current 64 Increase 1 (20 September 2018)
Highest 9 (July – September 2010, December 2010)
Lowest 75 (March 2013)
Elo ranking
Current 65 Decrease 15 (29 July 2018)
Highest 14 (August 2010)
Lowest 62 (9 March 1986, 12 June 1997)
First international
 Italy 2–1 Egypt 
(Ghent, Belgium; 28 August 1920)
Biggest win
 Egypt 15–0 Laos 
(Jakarta, Indonesia; 15 November 1963)[1]
Biggest defeat
 Italy 11–3 Egypt 
(Amsterdam, Netherlands; 10 June 1928)
World Cup
Appearances 3 (first in 1934)
Best result 13th (1934)
Africa Cup of Nations
Appearances 23 (first in 1957)
Best result Champions (1957, 1959, 1986, 1998, 2006, 2008, 2010)
Confederations Cup
Appearances 2 (first in 1999)
Best result Group stage (1999, 2009)

The Egypt national football team (Egyptian Arabic: مُنتخب مَــصـر‎, Montakhab Masr), known colloquially as The Pharaohs, represents Egypt in men's International association football and is governed by the Egyptian Football Association (EFA) founded in 1921, the governing body for football in Egypt. The team's historical stadium is Cairo International Stadium but since 2012 the team has played most home games at Borg El Arab Stadium in Alexandria.

Egypt is the most successful national team in Africa, having won the Africa Cup of Nations a record seven times: the inaugural edition in 1957 and on home soil in 1959, as well as the 1986 edition, Burkina Faso in 1998, 2006, Ghana in 2008 and Angola in 2010 edition. Egypt has also been as high as ninth in the FIFA World Rankings, making the team one of only three African national teams to enter the world's top ten. Despite their respectable continental record, Egypt has so far made only three appearances in the World Cup (in 1934, 1990 and 2018), failing to win a game on all three occasions. The Egypt national team was the first African and Middle Eastern team to qualify for the World Cup.

Egypt qualified for the 2017 Africa Cup of Nations and eventually finished runners-up after losing to Cameroon in the final. The tournament helped Egypt rise from 60 in December 2016 to 19 in May 2017 in the FIFA World Rankings.

On 8 October 2017, Egypt qualified for the 2018 World Cup, their first appearance in 28 years and third appearance overall.

History[edit]

The first Egyptian national football team was constituted in 1920 to compete in the Summer Olympics in Belgium. The opening match of their campaign was a loss against the Italians. Egypt had appeared in three FIFA World Cups and they are the most successful team in the Africa Cup of Nations, winning the competition seven times, with the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations being the most recent one.

Africa Cup of Nations[edit]

Egypt first participated in the first Africa Cup of Nations tournament in 1957. In their first game, which was a semi-final, they faced Sudan, winning 2–1 with goals from Raafat Attia and Ad-Diba, enabling Egypt to play in their first final. In the final, they faced Ethiopia, in which Egypt won 4–0, with these goals being scored by Ad-Diba, thus making them champions for the first time in the Africa Cup of Nations. The top scorer of this tournament was Ad-Diba from Egypt with five goals.[2]

In their second participation in the Africa Cup of Nations in 1959, Egypt became champions again. There were only three teams in that tournament, being Ethiopia, Sudan, and Egypt itself. Egypt again was undefeated in this tournament, like in the previous tournament in 1957, defeating both Ethiopia and Sudan.[3]

Their third appearance, which was in the 1962 African Cup of Nations, hosted in Ethiopia, in which Egypt faced Uganda in the semi-finals, there were only four teams in this tournament, by a score of 2–1. Egypt then advanced to the finals, where they faced the hosts Ethiopia, but they lost 4–2 during extra time, thus losing their first final in the Africa Cup of Nations, along with Ethiopia becoming champions for the first time and also being the first nation to win it other than Egypt, who were champions twice.[4]

Their fourth appearance came in 1963 in Ghana. Egypt was placed in Group B with Sudan and Nigeria, winning Nigeria with a score of 6–3, but drawing 2–2 against Sudan. Despite being undefeated in the group stage, they were ranked second, behind Sudan by goal difference. Egypt, as runners-up in Group B, participated in the 3rd place match, playing against Ethiopia, winning Ethiopia 3–0.[5]

For the 1965 Africa Cup of Nations, Egypt did qualify for the tournament, but they withdrew because of their diplomatic relationship with Tunisia, who were hosts of the tournament.[6] Again, Egypt withdrew from the 1968 Africa Cup of Nations, against hosted in Ethiopia.[7]

In the 1970 Africa Cup of Nations, hosted again in Sudan, Egypt were in Group B along with Ghana, Guinea, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, known as Congo-Kinshasa back then. In their opening match, Egypt defeated Guinea by a score of 4–1, in which Ali Abo Greisha scored twice, Hassan El-Shazly scored once, and Taha Basry also scored once during that game. Egypt's next game was against Ghana, which ended as a 1–1 draw, with Ibrahim Sunday scoring for Ghana and Bazooka scoring for Egypt. In their third game in this tournament, they faced Congo-Kinshasa, in which Egypt won 1–0 by a goal from Abo Greisha. Egypt ended being in first place, thus advancing to the next round, where they faced Sudan. In the game against Sudan, Egypt lost their first game in the Africa Cup of Nations by a scored of 2–1, with El-Shazly scoring the equalizer that put Egypt to extra time, before being scored again by Sudan, thus eliminating them from playing the final. However, in the third place match, they won Ivory Coast by a score of 3–1, making Egypt become third place again in this tournament.[8]

For the 1972 Africa Cup of Nations, Egypt failed to qualify for the first time in this tournament after being eliminated by Morocco by an aggregate score of 5–3.[9]

However, Egypt returned for the 1974 African Cup of Nations, in which they were hosts for the first time. In the group stage, Egypt were in Group A with Zambia, Uganda, and the Ivory Coast. Egypt was successful, defeating Uganda 2–1, Zambia with a score of 3–1, and the Ivory Coast by a score of 2–0. They progressed to the semi-finals to play against Zaire. Egypt lost 2–3 against Zaire, so Egypt had to face Congo for third place. Egypt won Congo by a score of 4–0.[10]

In the 1976 African Cup of Nations, in Ethiopia, they were in Group A with the hosts Ethiopia, Guinea, and Uganda. Egypt defeated Uganda 2–1, but drew against Uganda 1–1 and Ethiopia, also 1–1. Despite this, Egypt advanced to the final round. In the final round, Egypt lost all their games. Egypt lost to Morocco 2–1, 4–2 against Guinea, and 3–2 against Nigeria. However, they scored in these three matches.[11] This is the first Africa Cup of Nations tournament that Egypt lost 3 consecutive games.

Egypt again failed to qualify for the 1978 African Cup of Nations in Ghana.[12]

Egypt reappeared for the 1980 African Cup of Nations in Nigeria. Egypt, Nigeria, the Ivory Coast, and Tanzania, were in Group A. They won in their first game against the Ivory Coast 2–1, defeated Tanzania 2–1 too, but lost to the host Nigeria by a score of 1–0, scored by Okey Isima. Egypt progressed to the next round which was the semi-finals, to face Algeria. Egypt lost this game 4–2 in penalties, after drawing 2–2 after extra time. For the third-place match, Egypt lost to Morocco, making Egypt being in the fourth place rank.[13]

Egypt withdrew during qualifying for the 1982 Africa Cup of Nations in Libya.[14]

For the 1984 Africa Cup of Nations, Egypt returned. Egypt, Cameroon, the Ivory Coast, and Togo, were drawn in Group A. Egypt won against Cameroon 1–0, the Ivory Coast 1–2, but drew with Togo 0–0. Egypt advanced to the next round, the semi-finals, to face Nigeria. Egypt lost to Nigeria in penalties, with the score in penalties being 7–8, after drawing 2–2. For the third place match, Egypt lost 3–1 to Algeria.[15]

Even though Egypt were in fourth place in the previous tournament, it changed. In the 1986 Africa Cup of Nations, Egypt became the host again. In their opening game, Egypt lost to Senegal 1–0. However, Egypt went on to win their two remaining games in the group stage, with scores of 2–0 against the Ivory Coast, and 2–0 against Mozambique. Egypt were in first place in Group A, and in the semi-finals, Egypt won against Morocco 1–0, advancing to the final since the 1962 edition, to play against Cameroon, who had Roger Milla. Egypt won the game 5–4 in penalties, after drawing 0–0, thus becoming champions for the third time since the tournament from 1959.[16]

In the 1988 Africa Cup of Nations in Morocco, Egypt were not as successful than in the 1986 edition. Egypt entered this championship as the current title holders. They were in Group B with Cameroon, Nigeria, and Kenya. In their game against Cameroon, they lost 1–0 by a goal from Roger Milla. However, they did not lose against Nigeria and Kenya, as Egypt drew 1–1 against Nigeria in Stade Moulay Abdellah in Rabat, and defeated Kenya 3–0, also in Stade Moulay Abdellah, with two goals from Gamal Abdelhamid and one goal from Ayman Younes. Despite, they were a point below from entering the next round, which was the semi-finals.[17]

In the 1990 Africa Cup of Nations in Algeria, it got worse. Egypt did qualify for this tournament, and they were put in Group A, along with Algeria, Nigeria, and the Ivory Coast. Egypt lost all their group stage games, thus making Egypt fail to obtain at least one point for the first time in the Africa Cup of Nations. The scores the 3–1 defeat to the Ivory Coast, the 1–0 defeat to Nigeria, and the 2–0 defeat to Algeria.[18]

In the 1992 Africa Cup of Nations, hosted in Senegal, Egypt entered by qualifying to this tournament. Egypt were placed in Group D with Ghana and Zambia. In their game against Zambia, Egypt lost 1–0. In their game against Nigeria, they lost again by a score of 1–0 too. Egypt again failed to obtain a least a point for the second time, being consecutive, along with losing all their games in the group stage.[18]

In the 1994 Africa Cup of Nations, in Tunisia, Egypt were in Group B with Nigeria and Gabon. In their first game, against Gabon, Egypt won 4–0 with goals from Ayman Mansour, Hamza El-Gamal, in which they scored once in that game, and Bashir Abdel Samad, who scored two. In their second game, they drew against Nigeria 0–0. Egypt were able to qualify to the next round, which were the quarter-finals, being first place in Group B by goal difference, to face Mali. In this game, Egypt lost 0–1 to Mali in Stade El Menzah in Tunis, thus knocking out Egypt from the tournament.[19]

In the 1996 edition, hosted in South Africa, Egypt participated in this tournament. Egypt were placed in Group A with the hosts South Africa, Cameroon, and Angola. In their first game, Egypt faced Angola, successful winning 2–1 with both goals scored from Ahmed El-Kass. In their second game, however, Egypt lost 2–1 against Cameroon. In their third game, against South Africa, Egypt defeated South Africa 0–1, with the goal from El-Kass. Egypt qualified to the quarter-finals, as runners-up of the group, being behind the hosts. In the quarter-finals, Egypt were to face Zambia. In this game, Egypt lost 3–1. This eliminated Egypt, with South Africa winning their first title, and as hosts.[20]

In the 1998 Africa Cup of Nations, in Burkina Faso, Egypt qualified for this tournament. Egypt were placed in Group D, with Mozambique, Zambia, and Morocco. In their first game, Egypt won Mozambique 2–0, with the two goals from Hossam Hassan. In the game against Zambia, Egypt again won 4–0, with the goals being a hat trick from Hassan and one from Radwan. In their third game however, Egypt lost against Morocco, 1–0, with the goal scored in the 90th minute from Mustapha Hadji. Despite this defeat, Egypt qualified to the quarter-finals, as runners-up of Group D, and they were to face against the Ivory Coast. In this game, Egypt won 5–4 in penalties, after a 0–0 draw. This made Egypt advance to the semi-finals since the 1986 tournament. In their semi-final, Egypt faced the hosts Burkina Faso, in which Egypt defeated Burkina Faso by a score of 2–0, with the goals scored from Hassan. This made Egypt go to the final since the 1986 tournament, the same tournament that was their last tournament as champions, to play against South Africa. In the final, Egypt were successful, winning 2–0, with a goal from Ahmed Hassan and a goal from Tarek Mostafa. Egypt won their fourth title since they won as hosts in the 1986 tournament.[21]

For the 2000 Africa Cup of Nations, Egypt entered as the defending champions. This tournament was in Ghana and Nigeria. They were in Group C with Senegal, Zambia, and Burkina Faso. In these three games, Egypt won the three of them. Their match against Zambia was a 2–0 victory, a 1–0 victory over Senegal, and a 4–2 win against Burkina Faso. With these three victories, Egypt were the group leaders and they advanced to the quarter-finals. In the quarter-finals, they lost to Tunisia 0–1, the goal was scored by a penalty kick. Egypt were eliminated from the tournament, in which Cameroon won their third title.[22]

In the 2002 African Cup of Nations, in Mali, Egypt qualified for this tournament. Egypt were placed in Group D with Senegal, Tunisia, and Zambia. In their opening match, Egypt lost 0–1 to Senegal. However, Egypt won their two remaining group stage games, with the scores of 1–0 against Tunisia and 2–1 against Zambia. Egypt advanced to the quarter-finals, as runners-up, with six points, to face Cameroon. In this game, being Cameroon vs. Egypt, in the quarter-finals, Egypt lost 1–0. This score eliminated Egypt. In this tournament, Cameroon won their fourth title, being the second title won consecutively.[23]

2004–2011: Shehata era[edit]

Egypt qualified to the 2004 Africa Cup of Nations, which was hosted in Tunisia. Egypt were placed in Group C with Algeria, Zimbabwe, and Cameroon. Egypt won 1–2 against Zimbabwe, lost 2–1 to Algeria, and drew 0–0 against Cameroon. Egypt failed to qualify for the quarter-finals due to that Algeria scored a goal more than Egypt, after leveling on points and goal difference. Tunisia, the hosts won their first title, beating Morocco in the final.[24]

Egypt starting line-up against Côte d'Ivoire at the 2006 Africa Cup of Nations Final, a match they won 4–2 on penalties after a goalless draw.

The 2006 Africa Cup of Nations was hosted in Egypt, making Egypt automatically qualified. They were in Group A with Libya, Morocco, and the Ivory Coast. In the opening match, Egypt defeated Libya 3–0. In the second game, Egypt drew 0–0 against Morocco. However, in the third game, Egypt won 3–1 against the Ivory Coast, thus making Egypt as the group leader and advancing to the next round, the quarter-finals. In the quarter-finals phase, Egypt faced DR Congo, in which Egypt won 4–1, thus making Egypt advance to the semi-finals. In the semi-finals, Egypt faced Senegal. In this game, Egypt won Senegal 2–1, thus making Egypt qualify for the final to face the Ivory Coast, after playing against each other in the group stage. In the final match, Egypt drew 0–0 with the Ivory Coast, sending them to extra time, and still, the score remained 0–0. After extra time, the game was taking to the penalty shoot-out phase. In the penalty shoot-out phase, Egypt were victorious, winning 4–2 against the Ivory Coast, and claiming their fifth title, being the third title won as hosts, the last time Egypt won the tournament before this was in 1998.[25]

In the 2008 African Nations Cup in Ghana, Egypt qualified for this tournament. In this tournament, Egypt were placed in Group C with Cameroon, Zambia, and Sudan. Egypt beat Cameroon 4–2, won against Libya by a score of 3–0, but drew 1–1 against Zambia. Egypt entered the quarter-finals as the group leader. In the quarter-final, Egypt faced and beat Angola 2–1. Then, Egypt advanced to the semi-finals to face the Ivory Coast. The last time they faced each other was in the 2006 final, in which Egypt won the game, claiming their fifth title. In the semi-finals, Egypt were victorious, beating Ivory Coast 1–4. Egypt advanced to the finals to face the Cameroonians. In this game, Egypt won 0–1 thanks to a goal from Mohamed Aboutrika, helping Egypt win their sixth title.[26] This also marked Egypt winning two consecutive Africa Cup of Nations.

In the 2010 Africa Cup of Nations, in Angola, Egypt qualified for the tournament. Egypt were in Group C with Nigeria, Benin, and Mozambique. Egypt won their three group stage games, thus advancing to the quarter-finals, to face Cameroon. In this match, Egypt won 3–1 after extra time, thus eliminating the Cameroonian team. In the semi-finals, they faced Algeria, in which Egypt won 4–0, making Egypt go to the final for the third consecutive time. In the final, Egypt faced Ghana. In this game, Egypt won 1–0 against Ghana, with the goal scorer being Gedo. This led Egypt to their seventh title, win their third consecutive cup, become the first nation to win three consecutive Africa Cup of Nations titles, becoming the most successful team in this tournament.[27]

However, for the 2012 Africa Cup of Nations in Gabon and Equatorial Guinea, even though Egypt were the defending champions, they failed to qualify. After the Port Said Stadium riot which caused the deaths of 74 people, the Egyptian government shut down the domestic league for two years, which affected the Egyptian national team,[28] resulting in their failure to qualify for the 2013 Africa Cup of Nations. For the third consecutive time, Egypt failed to qualify for the Africa Cup of Nations, this time in Equatorial Guinea in 2015.

For the 2017 Africa Cup of Nations, which was hosted in Gabon, Egypt had to qualify to enter. Egypt were seeded into Group G with Nigeria, Tanzania, and Chad. In their first game, against Tanzania, Egypt won 3–0. This made Egypt joint group leader by goal difference with Nigeria, with both nations having won their first game.[29] On 4 June 2016, in their qualifying away match against Tanzania, Egypt won 2–0 and managed to secure their berth in the 2017 edition of the championship. This marked Egypt's return to the competition after 7 years having missed out on the previous 3 editions.

In Gabon, Egypt registered a 0–0 draw against Mali in their first match in Group D.[30] Successive 1–0 wins against Uganda and Ghana saw the Pharaohs qualify to the quarter-finals as group winners.[31][32] Egypt faced Morocco at the quarter-final stage, and defeated their North Africa rivals for the first time in 31 years to set up a semi-final clash with Burkina Faso.[33] Mohamed Salah's goal against the Stallions was canceled out by an Aristide Bancé strike; however, veteran goalkeeper Essam El-Hadary saved two spot-kicks in the penalty shootout to earn a spot in the final for his team.[34] Egypt then faced for the third time at this stage Cameroon, hoping for history to repeat itself for an 8th title. Egypt opened the score before the break thanks to Arsenal's midfielder Elneny. However, Cameroon stepped up its game in the second half and Nicolas Nkoulou scored the equalizer before Vincent Aboubakar scored the second goal in the last minutes. For the second time in its history Egypt lost an AFCON final, and for the first time lost a final to their rival Cameroon.

FIFA World Cup[edit]

Egypt national team at the 2018 FIFA World Cup in Russia

Egypt has qualified for the FIFA World Cup three times: in 1934, in 1990 and for the 2018 editions. Egypt was the first African country to qualify for the World Cup. The time it took Egypt to qualify for two successive tournaments (56 years between 1934 and 1990) is a World Cup Record that is shared only with Norway (1938-1994).

After beating Mandatory Palestine, Egypt qualified for their first World Cup. It lost to Hungary 4–2 in their first and only match in 1934. In 1990, Egypt was drawn in Group F with Ireland, England and the Netherlands. Since the Egyptians favored defensive tactics, they scored only one goal in the 1990 World Cup, scored by Magdi Abdelghani through a penalty. This made Abdelgani the first African to score a penalty kick in the World Cup. A 1–1 draw with the Netherlands gave the Egyptians their first point in the World Cup. They then drew again, this time goalless, with Ireland. While the Egyptians needed just a draw to progress to the next round, they lost 1–0 to England. As of June 2018, Egypt had yet to win a game.

On 8 October 2017, Egypt qualified for the 2018 World Cup after a 2–1 win over Congo.[35] The two goals were scored by Mohamed Salah with the second one in a dramatic last-minute penalty. Salah has scored the most goals (tied with Préjuce Nakoulma) in the third round of the CAF 2018 World Cup qualification campaign with five goals.

In the 2018 World Cup, Egypt was drawn with Saudi Arabia, Uruguay and the hosts, Russia. They started their first game against Uruguay, without their talisman Salah, who was injured in the UEFA Champions League final with Liverpool against Real Madrid. Egypt's team built a strong defense with only a few counter attacks. The first half was a boring goalless draw. In the second half, things were looking good for Uruguay, who had more goal-scoring chances, however, El Shenawy made several key saves including a strong kick from Cavani. Near the end, Uruguay had gotten a free kick near the goal. But Cavani's shot hit the post. In the 89th minute, right when it seemed the two sides would draw, Jimenez scored a header from a free kick, ruining Egypt's dreams. Due to strong saves by Egypt's goalkeeper, he was voted man of the match but he refused the reward due to the sponsorship by Budweiser.[citation needed]

Against the hosts, Egypt was more optimistic due to Salah being called up as a starter. The first half was quiet strong for Egypt who had higher position of the ball and made several goal-scoring opportunities, but the first half was goalless. In the second half, Russia scored when El-Shenawy's punch went to Roman Zobnin, who kicked very weakly but Ahmed Fathy, who got the ball, panicked despite there being no Russians nearby, and scored an own goal right in the corner. This led to Egypt's morale going down, with two more goals coming. Mário Fernandes drove into the box before supplying a cut-back from the right for Denis Cheryshev to slot home Russia's second with his left foot. Artem Dzyuba made it 3–0 as he took a lofted ball into the box down on his chest, taking a touch to go past Ali Gabr and finish between El-Shenawy's legs with a low shot. Salah won a penalty after he was fouled by Zobnin – although it was only given after a consultation with the video assistant referee as the referee had initially said the offence took place outside the box. Salah scored from the spot to become only the third Egyptian player to score at a World Cup. This was Egypt's first goal in 28 years. Egypt could have been awarded a second penalty but it went unseen by the referee.

Egypt's third and final match in its 2018 campaign was the Red Sea Derby against Saudi Arabia. El Hadary was the starting Goalkeeper in expense of El Shenawy, and thus became the oldest player in the world cup with 45 years and 161 days. In the 22nd minute, Abdallah Said's pass to Salah saw a lob that would score a goal. This was the first non-penalty goal since 1934 and the first time that Egypt had led in a world cup match (excluding Fawzi's hat-trick which made the match against Hungary go 3-2 but was ruled offside by the referee.)

Five minutes before the interval Ahmed Fathy was adjudged to have deliberately handled Yasser Al-Shahrani's cross inside the area. El Hadatu produced a save to deny Fahad Al-Muwallad's kick but his celebrations were cut short when a second penalty was awarded for Ali Gabr's tug on Al-Muwallad's shirt. Salman Al-Faraj stepped up this time to fire past the goalkeeper and draw his side level. Egypt substitute Kahraba fired straight at Al-Mosailem late on. Salem Al-Dawsari finished a right-footed volley past El Hadary in the closing stages. The second penalty shot was the latest goal scored in the first half in a world cup match since 1966 at 50 minutes and 36 seconds. The second goal, while not a record, was scored at the 95th minute (despite there being 4 minutes of extra time) to which the referee ended the match right after.

Hector Cuper who was criticized due to his defensive strategies, was sacked.[36] The Egyptian Football Association was also criticized due to having its base in Chechnya, A Muslim Russian state that has no football history and is far from where Egypt's matches were played. It is believed the EFA did this due to politics.[37]

While the match with Uruguay had few spectators, the match against Russia had tons of Egyptians, to the point the Egyptians outnumbered the Russians (despite the match being hosted by Russia.) This was marred with controversies since a lot of Egyptian celebrities had attended for free, possibly as a deal with an Egyptian Telephone Company.[38]

The low attendance in the Egypt-Uruguay match was due to 'ghost victors,' people who bought tickets but didn't attend.[39] It is one of the least attended World Cup Matches in the Modern Age. The Egyptian Media and public heavily criticized EFA's management of the team.[40][41][42] The players also refused to hold post-match interviews, with many of them facing fines or bans by FIFA.[43][44][45]


Pos Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts Qualification
1  Uruguay 3 3 0 0 5 0 +5 9 Advance to knockout stage
2  Russia (H) 3 2 0 1 8 4 +4 6
3  Saudi Arabia 3 1 0 2 2 7 −5 3
4  Egypt 3 0 0 3 2 6 −4 0
Source: FIFA
Rules for classification: Group stage tiebreakers
(H) Host.

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

The following 25 players were called up for the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations qualification matches against eSwatini on 12 and 16 October 2018.[46][47]
Caps and goals as of 16 October 2018 consequent to the match against eSwatini.

No. Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club
1 1GK Mohamed El Shenawy (1988-12-18) 18 December 1988 (age 29) 8 0 Egypt Al Ahly
16 1GK Genesh (1987-05-25) 25 May 1987 (age 31) 0 0 Egypt Zamalek
23 1GK Mohamed Awad (1992-07-06) 6 July 1992 (age 26) 3 0 Saudi Arabia Al Wehda
25 1GK Mohamed Abou Gabal (1989-01-29) 29 January 1989 (age 29) 0 0 Egypt Smouha

2 2DF Ali Gabr (1989-01-10) 10 January 1989 (age 29) 26 1 Egypt Pyramids
3 2DF Ahmed El Mohamady (Captain) (1987-09-09) 9 September 1987 (age 31) 86 3 England Aston Villa
6 2DF Ahmed Hegazi (1991-01-25) 25 January 1991 (age 27) 50 2 England West Bromwich Albion
12 2DF Ayman Ashraf (1991-04-09) 9 April 1991 (age 27) 8 2 Egypt Al Ahly
13 2DF Mohamed Hamdy (1995-03-15) 15 March 1995 (age 23) 0 0 Egypt Pyramids
14 2DF Mohamed Hany (1996-01-25) 25 January 1996 (age 22) 2 0 Egypt Al Ahly
15 2DF El Winsh (1995-06-01) 1 June 1995 (age 23) 1 0 Egypt Zamalek
20 2DF Amro Tarek (1992-05-17) 17 May 1992 (age 26) 2 0 United States Orlando City
24 2DF Baher El Mohamady (1996-11-01) 1 November 1996 (age 21) 3 0 Egypt Ismaily

4 3MF Ali Ghazal (1992-02-01) 1 February 1992 (age 26) 7 0 Canada Vancouver Whitecaps
5 3MF Sam Morsy (1991-09-10) 10 September 1991 (age 27) 7 0 England Wigan Athletic
7 3MF Trézéguet (1994-10-01) 1 October 1994 (age 24) 32 3 Turkey Kasımpaşa
8 3MF Tarek Hamed (1988-10-24) 24 October 1988 (age 29) 30 0 Egypt Zamalek
11 3MF Hussein El Shahat (1991-09-06) 6 September 1991 (age 27) 3 0 United Arab Emirates Al Ain
17 3MF Mohamed El Neny (Vice-captain) (1992-07-11) 11 July 1992 (age 26) 69 6 England Arsenal
19 3MF Mohamed Sadek (1997-07-07) 7 July 1997 (age 21) 0 0 Egypt Ismaily
21 3MF Mohamed Mahmoud (1998-05-07) 7 May 1998 (age 20) 1 0 Egypt Wadi Degla
22 3MF Amr Warda (1993-09-17) 17 September 1993 (age 25) 23 1 Greece PAOK

9 4FW Marwan Mohsen (1989-02-26) 26 February 1989 (age 29) 28 6 Egypt Al Ahly
10 4FW Mohamed Salah (1992-06-15) 15 June 1992 (age 26) 61 38 England Liverpool
18 4FW Kouka (1993-03-05) 5 March 1993 (age 25) 18 5 Greece Olympiacos

Recent call-ups[edit]

The following players have been called up for the team in the last 12 months.

Pos. Player Date of birth (age) Caps Goals Club Latest call-up
GK Essam El Hadary RET (1973-01-15) 15 January 1973 (age 45) 159 0 Egypt Ismaily 2018 FIFA World Cup
GK Sherif Ekramy (1983-07-10) 10 July 1983 (age 35) 23 0 Egypt Al Ahly 2018 FIFA World Cup
GK Amer Mohamed (1987-02-14) 14 February 1987 (age 31) 0 0 Egypt El Entag El Harby 2018 FIFA World Cup PRE
GK Ahmed El Shenawy (1991-05-14) 14 May 1991 (age 27) 29 0 Egypt Pyramids v.  Greece, 27 March 2018

DF Ahmed Fathy (1984-11-10) 10 November 1984 (age 33) 131 3 Egypt Al Ahly 2018 FIFA World Cup
DF Mohamed Abdel Shafy (1985-07-01) 1 July 1985 (age 33) 55 1 Saudi Arabia Al Ahli 2018 FIFA World Cup
DF Omar Gaber (1992-01-30) 30 January 1992 (age 26) 23 0 Egypt Pyramids 2018 FIFA World Cup
DF Saad Samir (1989-04-01) 1 April 1989 (age 29) 10 0 Egypt Al Ahly 2018 FIFA World Cup
DF Karim Hafez (1996-03-12) 12 March 1996 (age 22) 6 0 Turkey İstanbul Başakşehir 2018 FIFA World Cup PRE
DF Hamada Tolba (1981-06-17) 17 June 1981 (age 37) 3 0 Egypt Pyramids 2018 FIFA World Cup PRE

MF Ramadan Sobhi INJ (1997-01-23) 23 January 1997 (age 21) 28 1 England Huddersfield Town v.  Niger, 8 September 2018
MF Abdallah Said (1985-07-13) 13 July 1985 (age 33) 41 6 Saudi Arabia Al Ahli 2018 FIFA World Cup
MF Shikabala (1986-03-05) 5 March 1986 (age 32) 32 2 Greece Apollon Smyrnis 2018 FIFA World Cup
MF Walid Soliman (1984-12-01) 1 December 1984 (age 33) 23 1 Egypt Al Ahly 2018 FIFA World Cup PRE
MF Hossam Ashour (1986-03-09) 9 March 1986 (age 32) 12 0 Egypt Al Ahly 2018 FIFA World Cup PRE
MF Moamen Zakaria (1988-04-12) 12 April 1988 (age 30) 11 0 Egypt Al Ahly 2018 FIFA World Cup PRE
MF Mahmoud Abdel Aziz (1990-07-27) 27 July 1990 (age 28) 2 0 Egypt Zamalek 2018 FIFA World Cup PRE
MF Mohamed Magdy (1996-01-01) 1 January 1996 (age 22) 1 0 Egypt Pyramids v.  Greece, 27 March 2018

FW Ahmed Ali INJ (1986-05-21) 21 May 1986 (age 32) 7 4 Egypt Al Mokawloon v.  eSwatini, 16 October 2018
FW Salah Mohsen INJ (1998-09-01) 1 September 1998 (age 20) 2 1 Egypt Al Ahly v.  eSwatini, 16 October 2018
FW Ahmed Gomaa (1988-08-16) 16 August 1988 (age 30) 2 0 Egypt Al Masry v.  Niger, 8 September 2018
FW Islam Gaber (1996-05-01) 1 May 1996 (age 22) 0 0 Egypt El Dakhleya v.  Niger, 8 September 2018
FW Hossam Hassan (1993-09-02) 2 September 1993 (age 25) 0 0 Egypt Smouha v.  Niger, 8 September 2018
FW Kahraba (1994-04-13) 13 April 1994 (age 24) 25 3 Egypt Zamalek 2018 FIFA World Cup
FW Amr Gamal (1991-08-03) 3 August 1991 (age 27) 18 3 Egypt Al Ahly 2018 FIFA World Cup PRE

INJ Player withdrew from the squad due to an injury.
PRE Preliminary squad / standby.
RET Retired from the national team.
SUS Player suspended.
WD Player withdrew from the squad for non-injury related reasons.

Coaching staff[edit]

Current staff[edit]

Javier Aguirre, the current manager of the Egypt national football team.
Position Name Notes
Head coach Mexico Javier Aguirre[48]
Assistant coach Egypt Hany Ramzy
1st Assistant coach Spain Míchel Salgado
Analyst and Assistant coach Mexico José Tito
Goalkeeping coach Egypt Ahmed Nagy
Team director Egypt Ehab Leheta
Physical trainer Mexico Paul Llorente
Assistant Physical trainer Mexico Javier Gorre
Team doctor Egypt Mahmoud Aboul Ela
Team administrator Egypt Mohamed Salah
Masseur Egypt Badr Hamed
Physiotherapist Egypt Hossam El Ibrashy
Kit manager Egypt Abdullah El Sayed
Media officer Egypt Mostafa Tantawi

Former managers[edit]

 

Source: Egyptian National Team Coaches

Kits and crests[edit]

The Egypt national football team's tradition color is red.

Kit suppliers[edit]

Kit supplier Period Notes
Germany Adidas 1990–1995
Egypt Venecia 1995–1998
Germany Puma 1999–2004
Germany Adidas 2004–2006
Germany Puma[50] 2006–2012
Germany Adidas[51] 2012–present

Recent results and forthcoming fixtures[edit]

Matches played in last 12 months, as well as any future scheduled matches.

2017[edit]

2018[edit]

2019[edit]

Records[edit]

As of 16 October 2018. Players in bold are still active at international level.

In February 2017, Egypt set a new record, not being defeated for 24 consecutive African Cup of Nations matches, since their last match at the 2004 African Cup of Nations. Egypt also won their 9th consecutive match in the ACN, beating Ghana in the 2010 African Cup of Nations final match, and becoming the first team to win three consecutive ACN titles.

Subsequent to leading Egypt to its third consecutive ACN victory under his tenure, Egypt coach Hassan Shehata was offered the role of coaching the Nigeria national football team in the 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa.[54] In February 2010, the EFA agreed to let Shehata take charge of Nigeria in 2010 World Cup only if official request was sent.[55] Ultimately, Shehata did not take the position.

Competitive records[edit]

FIFA World Cup[edit]

FIFA World Cup record FIFA World Cup Qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA Squad Pld W D L GF GA
Uruguay 1930 Did not enter
Italy 1934 First round 13th 1 0 0 1 2 4 Squad 2 2 0 0 11 2
France 1938 Withdrew
Brazil 1950 Did not enter
Switzerland 1954 Did not qualify 2 0 0 2 2 7
Sweden 1958 Withdrew
Chile 1962
England 1966
Mexico 1970 Did not enter
West Germany 1974 Did not qualify 2 1 0 1 2 3
Argentina 1978 10 6 2 2 15 11
Spain 1982 2 0 1 1 0 1
Mexico 1986 6 3 2 1 3 4
Italy 1990 Group stage 20th 3 0 2 1 1 2 Squad 8 4 3 1 7 2
United States 1994 Did not qualify 6 3 2 1 9 3
France 1998 6 3 1 2 15 5
South Korea Japan 2002 10 5 4 1 22 9
Germany 2006 10 5 2 3 26 15
South Africa 2010 13 9 1 3 22 7
Brazil 2014 8 7 0 1 19 14
Russia 2018 Group stage 31st 3 0 0 3 2 6 Squad 8 5 1 2 12 5
Total Group stage 3/21 7 0 2 5 5 12 89 51 18 20 161 85

Africa Cup of Nations[edit]

Africa Cup of Nations record Africa Cup of Nations qualification record
Year Round Position Pld W D* L GF GA Squad Pld W D L GF GA
Sudan 1957 Champions 1st 2 2 0 0 6 1 Squad No Qualification
United Arab Republic 1959 Champions 1st 2 2 0 0 6 1 Squad No Qualification
Ethiopia 1962 Runners-up 2nd 2 1 0 1 4 5 Squad Qualified as defending champions
Ghana 1963 Semi-final 3rd 3 2 1 0 11 5 Squad
Tunisia 1965 Withdrew After Qualifying
Ethiopia 1968 Withdrew 3 2 1 0 6 4
Sudan 1970 Semi-final 3rd 5 3 1 1 10 5 Squad 2 1 1 0 2 1
Cameroon 1972 Did Not Qualify 4 3 0 1 6 6
Egypt 1974 Semi-final 3rd 5 4 0 1 13 5 Squad Qualified as hosts
Ethiopia 1976 Semi-final 4th 6 1 2 3 9 12 Squad 4 3 1 0 11 3
Ghana 1978 Did Not Qualify 2 0 1 1 4 5
Nigeria 1980 Semi-final 4th 5 2 1 2 6 7 Squad 2 1 0 1 4 3
Libya 1982 Withdrew 2 2 0 0 7 3
Ivory Coast 1984 Semi-final 4th 5 2 2 1 6 6 Squad 4 2 1 1 3 2
Egypt 1986 Champions 1st 5 3 1 1 5 1 Squad Qualified as hosts
Morocco 1988 Group Stage 6th 3 1 1 1 3 1 Squad Qualified as defending champions
Algeria 1990 Group Stage 8th 3 0 0 3 1 6 Squad 4 2 1 1 8 2
Senegal 1992 Group Stage 11th 2 0 0 2 0 2 Squad 6 3 3 0 13 5
Tunisia 1994 Quarter-finals 5th 3 1 1 1 4 1 Squad 6 2 2 2 6 5
South Africa 1996 Quarter-finals 7th 4 2 0 2 5 6 Squad 10 6 3 1 24 5
Burkina Faso 1998 Champions 1st 6 4 1 1 10 1 Squad 6 2 3 1 12 4
Ghana Nigeria 2000 Quarter-finals 5th 4 3 0 1 7 3 Squad Qualified as defending champions
Mali 2002 Quarter-finals 6th 4 2 0 2 3 3 Squad 6 4 1 1 11 6
Tunisia 2004 Group Stage 9th 3 1 1 1 3 3 Squad 4 3 0 1 14 1
Egypt 2006 Champions 1st 6 4 2 0 12 3 Squad Qualified as hosts
Ghana 2008 Champions 1st 6 5 1 0 15 5 Squad 6 3 3 0 9 2
Angola 2010 Champions 1st 6 6 0 0 15 2 Squad 13 9 1 3 22 7
Equatorial Guinea Gabon 2012 Did Not Qualify 6 1 2 3 5 5
South Africa 2013 2 0 1 1 3 4
Equatorial Guinea 2015 6 2 0 4 5 6
Gabon 2017 Runners-up 2nd 6 3 2 1 5 3 Squad 4 3 1 0 7 1
Cameroon 2019 Qualified 2 1 0 1 6 1
Total 7 Titles 23/32 91 51 15 25 155 86 104 55 26 23 188 81

FIFA Confederations Cup[edit]

Egypt have appeared in two of the nine FIFA Confederations Cups contested, the team was eliminated on both times during the group stage. Egypt's first Confederations Cup appearance was in 1999 as a result of winning the Africa Cup of Nations in 1998. The second appearance was in 2009 as the Africa Cup of Nations winners in 2008. During the second appearance, the team achieved their first win over Italy 1–0 in the second round of the group stage.

FIFA Confederations Cup record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA Squad
Saudi Arabia 1992 Did Not Qualify
Saudi Arabia 1995
Saudi Arabia 1997
Mexico 1999 Group Stage 7th 3 0 2 1 5 9 Squad
South Korea Japan 2001 Did Not Qualify
France 2003
Germany 2005
South Africa 2009 Group Stage 6th 3 1 0 2 4 7 Squad
Brazil 2013 Did Not Qualify
Russia 2017
Total Group Stage 2/10 6 1 2 3 9 16

Arab Cup of Nations[edit]

Arab Cup of Nations record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA Squad
Lebanon 1963 Did Not Participate
Kuwait 1964
Iraq 1966
Saudi Arabia 1985
Jordan 1988 Semi-final 3rd 6 3 2 1 6 0 Squad
Egypt 1992 Champions 1st 4 3 1 0 5 3 Squad
Qatar 1998 Group Stage 10th 2 1 0 1 3 5 Squad
Kuwait 2002 Did Not Participate
Saudi Arabia 2012 Group Stage 7th 3 0 2 1 3 4 Squad
Total 1 Title 4/9 15 7 5 3 17 12

Olympic Games record[edit]

Football at the Summer Olympics has been an under-23 tournament since 1992.
Olympic Games
Appearances: 9
Year/Host Round Pld W D L GF GA Pld W D L GF GA
Greece Athens 1896 No football tournament
France Paris 1900 Did Not Participate
United States Saint Louis 1904
United Kingdom London 1908
Sweden Stockholm 1912
Belgium Antwerp 1920 First round 1 0 0 1 1 2 No Qualification
France Paris 1924 Quarter finals 2 1 0 1 3 5
Netherlands Amsterdam 1928 Fourth Place 4 2 0 2 12 19
United States Los Angeles 1932 No football tournament
Germany Berlin 1936 First Round 1 0 0 1 1 3 No Qualification
United Kingdom London 1948 First Round 1 0 0 1 1 3
Finland Helsinki 1952 First Round 2 1 0 1 6 7
Australia Melbourne 1956 Withdrew from Finals 2 2 0 0 9 3
Italy Roma 1960 First Round 3 0 1 2 4 11 4 3 0 1 11 5
Japan Tokyo 1964 Fourth Place 6 2 1 3 18 16 4 3 1 0 14 6
Mexico Mexico 1968 Withdrew from Qualifiers
Germany Munich 1972 Did Not Qualify 2 1 0 1 2 3
Canada Montreal 1976 2 0 1 1 1 2
Soviet Union Moscow 1980 Withdrew from Finals 4 1 3 0 7 4
United States Los Angeles 1984 Quarter Final 4 1 1 2 5 5 6 3 2 1 6 3
South Korea Seoul 1988 Did Not Qualify 4 2 1 1 7 2
Total 9/19 24 7 3 14 51 71 28 15 8 5 57 28

Pan Arab Games[edit]

Pan Arab Games record
Year Round Position Pld W D L GF GA
Egypt 1953
Champions 1st 3 3 0 0 22 3
Lebanon 1957
Did Not Participate
Morocco 1961
United Arab Republic 1965
Champions 1st 6 6 0 0 30 2
Syria 1976
Did Not Participate
Morocco 1985
Lebanon 1997
Jordan 1999
Egypt 2007
Champions 1st 4 3 1 0 10 1
Qatar 2011
Did Not Participate
Total
3 Titles 3/10
13
12
1
0
62
6

Mediterranean Games record[edit]

Football at the Mediterranean Games
Year Rank GP W D L GS GA
Egypt 1951 2 2 1 0 1 8 2
Spain 1955 1 3 2 1 0 10 3
Lebanon 1959 - 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italy 1963 5 4 2 1 1 10 8
Tunisia 1967 - 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkey 1971 4 3 0 2 1 1 2
Algeria1975 6 5 2 0 3 9 9
Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1979 8 3 0 1 2 2 7
Morocco 1983 3 4 1 2 1 2 2
Syria 1987 - 0 0 0 0 0 0
1991 – present See Egypt national under-20 team
Total 7/10 24 8 7 9 42 33

Palestine Cup of Nations[edit]

Palestine Cup of Nations

African Games[edit]

Football at the African Games has been an under-23 tournament since 1991.'
African Games Record
Year Result GP W D L GS GA
Republic of the Congo 1965 - 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nigeria 1973 - 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algeria 1978 - 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kenya 1987 - 0 0 0 0 0 0
1991–present See Egypt national under-23 football team
Total 4/4 0 0 0 0 0 0

Honours[edit]

African competitions[edit]

Winners: Gold medal africa.svg 1957, Gold medal africa.svg 1959, Gold medal africa.svg 1986, Gold medal africa.svg 1998, Gold medal africa.svg 2006, Gold medal africa.svg 2008, Gold medal africa.svg 2010 (Most successful team)
Runners-up: Silver medal africa.svg 1962, Silver medal africa.svg 2017
Third place: Bronze medal africa.svg 1963, Bronze medal africa.svg 1970, Bronze medal africa.svg 1974
Fourth place: 1976, 1980, 1984
Champions: 1st, gold medalist(s) 1987, 1st, gold medalist(s) 1995
Third place: 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 1973
Runners-up: 2nd, silver medalist(s) 1988, 2007

Arabic competitions[edit]

Champions: 1st, gold medalist(s) 1953, 1st, gold medalist(s) 1965, 1st, gold medalist(s) 1992*, 1st, gold medalist(s) 2007 (Most successful team)
Runners-up: 2nd, silver medalist(s) 1961
Champions: 1st, gold medalist(s) 1992*
Third Place: 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 1988
Champions: 1st, gold medalist(s) 1972, 1st, gold medalist(s) 1975 (Most successful team)

Note: * The 1992 edition organised as part of the Pan Arab Games, and also counted as Arab Nations Cup.

Other competitions[edit]

Mediterranean Games

Champions: 1st, gold medalist(s) 1955
Silver Medalist: 2nd, silver medalist(s) 1951
Bronze Medalist: 3rd, bronze medalist(s) 1983

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "157 appearances according to some sources, as FIFA, unlike the Egyptian Football Association, does not recognise two appearances El-Hadary made in a 2–0 friendly away win over Qatar in Doha on 28 December 2012, and in a 1–0 friendly home win over Kenya in Aswan on 30 August 2014.[53]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.superkoora.com/ar/match/55084/stats[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "African Nations Cup 1957". www.rsssf.com.
  3. ^ "African Nations Cup 1959". www.rsssf.com.
  4. ^ "African Nations Cup 1962". www.rsssf.com.
  5. ^ "African Nations Cup 1963". www.rsssf.com.
  6. ^ "African Nations Cup 1965". www.rsssf.com.
  7. ^ "African Nations Cup 1968". www.rsssf.com.
  8. ^ "African Nations Cup 1970". www.rsssf.com.
  9. ^ "African Nations Cup 1972". www.rsssf.com.
  10. ^ "African Nations Cup 1974". www.rsssf.com.
  11. ^ "African Nations Cup 1976". www.rsssf.com.
  12. ^ "African Nations Cup 1978". www.rsssf.com.
  13. ^ "African Nations Cup 1980". www.rsssf.com.
  14. ^ "African Nations Cup 1982". www.rsssf.com.
  15. ^ "African Nations Cup 1984". www.rsssf.com.
  16. ^ "African Nations Cup 1986". www.rsssf.com.
  17. ^ "African Nations Cup 1990". www.rsssf.com.
  18. ^ a b "African Nations Cup 1992". www.rsssf.com.
  19. ^ "African Nations Cup 1994". www.rsssf.com.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 17 January 2010. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 16 May 2009.
  22. ^ "African Nations Cup 2000 - Final Tournament Details". www.rsssf.com.
  23. ^ "African Nations Cup 2002 - Final Tournament Details". www.rsssf.com.
  24. ^ "African Nations Cup 2004". www.rsssf.com.
  25. ^ "African Nations Cup 2006". www.rsssf.com.
  26. ^ http://www.cafonline.com/?lng=1&module=accueil&cmpt=21&TNews=
  27. ^ http://www.cafonline.com/competition/african-cup-of-nations_2012/pastcomp/2010
  28. ^ Government ban 'threatens future of Egyptian football, 16 July 2012
  29. ^ http://www.cafonline.com/en-us/competitions/qcan2017/home
  30. ^ "El-Hadary made history as Mali held Egypt to goalless draw". 18 January 2017.
  31. ^ "Late Abdallah El-Said goal eliminates Uganda from AFCON". 21 January 2017.
  32. ^ "Egypt beat Ghana to reach quarter-finals as group winners". 25 January 2017.
  33. ^ "Kahraba strikes late as Egypt beat Morocco, reach AFCON semis". 29 January 2017.
  34. ^ "El-Hadary's heroics send Egypt to AFCON 2017 final". 2 February 2017.
  35. ^ "Mohamed Salah brace sends Egypt to Russia". AfricanFootball.com. 8 October 2017. Retrieved 10 October 2017.
  36. ^ "Egypt part ways with head coach Hector Cuper". Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  37. ^ Zidan, Karim. "The Egyptian Football Association Turned Mo Salah's World Cup Into An Embarrassing Disaster". Deadspin. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  38. ^ "Controversy in Egypt over celebrity cheering delegation's presence at World Cup". Ahram Online. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  39. ^ "Egypt 0-1 Uruguay: FIFA looking into more than 5,000 no-shows at Uruguay-Egypt game - MARCA in English". MARCA in English. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  40. ^ "Egypt to Investigate Egyptian Football Association's 'Failures' at World Cup | Egyptian Streets". Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  41. ^ "Op-ed review: Blaming EFA, bad management for Egypt's 'humiliating' World Cup defeat, exit - Daily News Egypt". Daily News Egypt. 2018-06-27. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  42. ^ Dorsey, James M. "Egyptian Soccer Focuses on Corruption Rather Than Performance". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  43. ^ "Egypt players facing fines, bans for unauthorised interviews during World Cup". www.msn.com. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  44. ^ "Egypt players face bans after unauthorised interviews". ESPN. Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  45. ^ "Egypt's Football Players May Face Bans Up To One Year | Egyptian Streets". Retrieved 2018-07-05.
  46. ^ "12 foreign-based players called for Egypt's game against Swaziland". KingFut. 20 September 2018. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  47. ^ "Aguirre names significantly unchanged squad for Swaziland encounter". KingFut. 1 October 2018. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  48. ^ "Egypt appoint Mexican Javier Aguirre as their new manager". BBC. 1 August 2018.
  49. ^ Book: "This is Yugoslavia: World Cup France 98" pag. 12
  50. ^ Puma Cancel Egypt Shirt Deal Football Shirts News
  51. ^ [1][permanent dead link]
  52. ^ a b Hazem Adel. "Egypt – Record International Players". RSSSF. Retrieved 13 September 2013.
  53. ^ Adel, Hazem (April 19, 2018). "Egypt - Record International Players". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved June 22, 2018.
  54. ^ Shehata Claims Nigeria Interest. FIFA website.
  55. ^ "Nigeria/Egypt: Egypt FA Allow Shehata-Nigeria Talks". 17 February 2010 – via AllAfrica.

External links[edit]