Egyptian Marxist Organisation
The Egyptian Marxist Organisation was a communist group in Egypt. Notably, in 1949 a faction of the group adopted a Maoist ideological interpretation, becoming the first faction in the Arab communist movement to do so. The group disbanded in 1965.[not in citation given]
Beginnings of Marxism in Egypt
In 1921, European educated intellectuals led by Joseph Rosenthal, an Egyptian of Italian descent, established the Egyptian socialist party, headquartered in Cairo. As Rosenthal was of European background, he did not sign the party manifesto for fear that his foreign name would be undesirable to the people. The manifesto was thus signed by Salama Musa, Ali el-Inani, Mohamed Abdulla Inan, and Mahmud Hosni al-Urabi, four Egyptian nationals that were involved in party leadership. The manifesto mainly revolved around anti-imperialism, its goal being the ultimate removal of British troops from Egypt. It also stressed a desire for improved labor conditions, a socialist allocation of natural resources, elimination of capitalist competition, and free education. Each goal stated in the manifesto was to be accomplished through political struggle, not violence or revolutionary upheaval.
- Ismael, Tareq Y., The Communist Movement in the Arab World. New York City: RoutledgeCurzon, 2005. p. 20.
- Ismael, Tareq Y., The Communist Movement in the Arab World. New York City: RoutledgeCurzon, 2005. p. 26.
- Abbas, Raouf (1973). "Labor Movement in Egypt: 1899-1952". The Developing Economies. 11: 64–65.
- Y., Ismael, Tareq (1990). The communist movement in Egypt, 1920-1988. Saʻīd, Rifʻat. (1st ed.). Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University Press. pp. 17–18. ISBN 0815624972. OCLC 21195303.
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