Great Sand Sea
|Great Sand Sea
بحر الرمال الأعظم
The dunes of the Great Sand Sea near Siwa, Egypt
Map of the topographic features of the Sahara
|Country||Egypt and Libya|
|• Total||72,000 km2 (28,000 sq mi)|
|Elevation||100 m (300 ft)|
The Great Sand Sea stretches for a length of about 650 km from north to south and a width of 300 km from east to west. On satellite images this desert shows a pattern of long sand ridges running in a roughly north-south direction. However, despite the apparent uniformity the Great Sand Sea has two large areas with different types of megadunes. The Egyptian sand sea lies parallel to the Calanshio Sand Sea of Libya, with which it is contiguous in the north. The dunes of the Great Sand Sea cover about 10% of the total area of the Egyptian Western Desert.
Although well-known to the Tuareg and traders who traveled with caravans across the Sahara, Friedrich Gerhard Rohlfs was the first European to document the Great Sand Sea. He began his Saharan expeditions in 1865, and named the great expanse of dunes the Große Sandmeer, but it was not until 1924 with the maps of Ahmed Hassanein that the full scope of the Great Sand Sea was appreciated by Europeans.
- Media related to Great Sand Sea at Wikimedia Commons
- Egypt Travel - The Great Sand Sea
- Desert Geomorphology
- The Great Sand Sea - Rough Guides
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