Egyptian influences in the Hebrew Bible

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

It is generally accepted that some of the texts of the Hebrew Bible have precedents in earlier (Bronze Age) Ancient Near Eastern religions and mythology, especially Mesopotamia (see Panbabylonianism), but to a lesser extent also Ancient Egyptian. For instance, material from the Book of Proverbs derives directly from the Instruction of Amenemope.[1]

The religion of the ancient kingdom of Judah was an amalgamation of local Canaanite traditions. Yahweh is believed to be by some modern scholars in origin a Canaanite deity, Jerusalem was in origin a Jebusite city with the tutelary deity Tsedek. These Canaanite traditions which gave rise to Israelite and ultimately ancient Jewish religion were in turn influenced by older Mesopotamian and possibly also Egyptian traditions.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Lichtheim, Miriam (2006). Ancient Egyptian Literature, Volume II: The New Kingdom. University of California Press. p. 147

Further reading[edit]

  • Assmann, Jan (1998). Moses the Egyptian: the memory of Egypt in western monotheism. ISBN 0-674-58739-1. 
  • Assmann, Jan (2008). Of God and gods: Egypt, Israel, and the rise of monotheism. ISBN 0-299-22554-2. 
  • Bryce, Glendon E. (1979). A Legacy of Wisdom: the Egyptian Contribution to the Wisdom of Israel. Bucknell University Press. ISBN 0-8387-1576-1. 
  • Guttmann, Julius (1995). The Guide for the Perplexed. ISBN 0-87220-324-7.  See The Guide for the Perplexed By Moses Maimonides, translated and introduction by Julius Guttmann, Daniel H. Frank
  • Höfele, Andreas (2005). Renaissance go-betweens: cultural exchange in early modern Europe. ISBN 3-11-018215-7.  edited by Andreas Höfele, Werner von Koppenfels
  • Marsham, John (1672). Canon Chronicus. 
  • Redford, D. B. (1993). Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times. ISBN 0-691-00086-7. 
  • Reinhold, K. L. (1778). Hebräischen Mysterien oder die älteste religiöse Freymaurerey.  (The Hebrew Mysteries or The Oldest Form of Freemasonry) under the pseudonym Decius
  • Spencer, John (1685). De Legibus Hebraeorum, Ritualibus et earum Rationibus libri tres. Cambridge. 
  • Sutcliffe, Adam (2005). Judaism and Enlightenment. ISBN 0-521-67232-5.