Ehrlichia Wisconsin HM543746

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Ehrlichia Wisconsin HM543746 is an unnamed tick bacteria that spread through Minnesota and Wisconsin in 2009 and is similar to Ehrlichia muris.[1]

Researchers took more than 4000 blood samples from people who appeared to have ehrlichiosis or anaplasmosis, and used 697 ticks from both states as test subjects[1] The researchers, working at the Mayo Clinic, used molecular methods, culturing, and serological testing.[2] The research was conducted after technologist Carol Werner noticed an unnatural Ehrlichia Polymerase chain reaction.[3] The investigation arrived at the discovery of the new bacteria because the research showed that 4 of the patients were infected by a new bacteria; their symptoms in 2009 including fevers, headaches, fatigue, nausea, and vomiting. All four of the patients survived by being treated with doxycycline.[2]

The results were published in The New England Journal of Medicine and brought up in a Health Alert Network public health announcement.[2] The lead researcher Bobbi Pritt said, "Before this report, human ehrlichiosis was thought to be very rare or absent in Minnesota and Wisconsin, therefore, physicians might not know to look for Ehrlichia infections at all." The entomologist Susan Paskewitz said that owing to the increase of deer ticks in Wisconsin, there may be further incidents of this bacteria infecting people.[3] Before the discovery, the tick bacteria Ehrlichia chaffeensis and Ehrlichia ewingii were believed to be the only causes of ehrlichiosis in the United States.[2]

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