Ei-ichi Negishi

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Ei-ichi Negishi
Nobel Prize 2010-Press Conference KVA-DSC 7397.jpg
Negishi in 2010
Native name 根岸英一
Born (1935-07-14) July 14, 1935 (age 81)
Hsinking, Manchukuo (now Changchun, China)
Residence United States
Nationality Japan
Fields Chemistry
Institutions Teijin
Purdue University
Syracuse University
Hokkaido University
Alma mater University of Tokyo
University of Pennsylvania
Doctoral advisor Allan R. Day
Known for Negishi coupling
Influences Herbert Charles Brown
Notable awards Sir Edward Frankland Prize Lectureship (2000)
Nobel Prize in Chemistry (2010)
Person of Cultural Merit (2010)
Order of Culture (2010)

Ei-ichi Negishi (根岸 英一 Negishi Eiichi?, born July 14, 1935[1]) is a Japanese chemist who has spent most of his career at Purdue University in the United States. He is best known for his discovery of the Negishi coupling.[2] He was awarded the 2010 Nobel Prize in Chemistry "for palladium catalyzed cross couplings in organic synthesis" jointly with Richard F. Heck and Akira Suzuki.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Negishi was born in Hsinking, the capital of Manchukuo (now Changchun, China), and raised in Seoul of Korea under Japanese rule.

Negishi graduated from the University of Tokyo in 1958[clarification needed] and did his internship at Teijin. He went on to study in the United States and obtained his PhD from University of Pennsylvania in 1963 under the supervision of professor Allan R. Day.

Career[edit]

In 1966, Negishi became a postdoctoral researcher at Purdue University, and became assistant professor in 1968, working with Nobel laureate Herbert C. Brown. In 1972, he went on to become associate professor at Syracuse University where, in 1979, he was promoted to professor. In the same year, he went back to Purdue University.

Negishi coupling[edit]

Main article: Negishi coupling

Honours and awards[edit]

In 2011, he was awarded the honorary doctor of science degree from the University of Pennsylvania.[4]

  • 1960-61 – Fulbright-Smith-Mund Fellowship
  • 1962-63 – Harrison Fellowship at University of Pennsylvania
  • 1987 – Guggenheim Fellowship, 1987
  • 1996 – A. R. Day Award (ACS Philadelphia Section award)
  • 1997 – Chemical Society of Japan Award
  • 1998 – Herbert N. McCoy Award
  • 1998 – American Chemical Society Award for Organometallic Chemistry
  • 1998-2000 – Alexander von Humboldt Senior Researcher Award
  • 2000 – Sir Edward Frankland Prize Lectureship[5]
  • 2003 – Sigma Xi Award, Purdue University
  • 2007 – Yamada-Koga Prize
  • 2007 – Gold Medal of Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
  • 2009 – Invited Lectureship, 4th Mitsui International Catalysis Symposium (MICS-4), Kisarazu, Japan
  • 2010 – Nobel Prize in Chemistry
  • 2010 – The Order of Culture
  • 2010 – Person of Cultural Merit
  • 2010 – ACS Award for Creative Work in Synthetic Organic Chemistry
  • 2011 – Sagamore of the Wabash
  • 2011 – Order of the Griffin
  • 2011 – Fellow, American Academy of Arts & Sciences
  • 2014 – Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Negishi's CV on its lab's website
  2. ^ Anthony O. King, Nobuhisa Okukado and Ei-ichi Negishi (1977). "Highly general stereo-, regio-, and chemo-selective synthesis of terminal and internal conjugated enynes by the Pd-catalysed reaction of alkynylzinc reagents with alkenyl halides". Journal of the Chemical Society Chemical Communications (19): 683. doi:10.1039/C39770000683. 
  3. ^ "Press release 6 October 2010". Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 6 October 2010 .
  4. ^ Penn's 2011 Honorary Degree Recipients
  5. ^ "Professor Ei-ichi Negishi". J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 1. Royal Society of Chemistry (9): 9–xii. 2001. doi:10.1039/b009326m. 

External links[edit]