Eid, Norway

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Eid kommune
Municipality
View of the Eidsfjorden
View of the Eidsfjorden
Coat of arms of Eid kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Eid kommune
Sogn og Fjordane within
Norway
Eid within Sogn og Fjordane
Eid within Sogn og Fjordane
Coordinates: 61°54′41″N 06°02′14″E / 61.91139°N 6.03722°E / 61.91139; 6.03722Coordinates: 61°54′41″N 06°02′14″E / 61.91139°N 6.03722°E / 61.91139; 6.03722
Country Norway
County Sogn og Fjordane
District Nordfjord
Administrative centre Nordfjordeid
Government
 • Mayor (2011) Alfred Bjørlo (V)
Area
 • Total 469.22 km2 (181.17 sq mi)
 • Land 420.20 km2 (162.24 sq mi)
 • Water 49.02 km2 (18.93 sq mi)
Area rank #215 in Norway
Population (2017)
 • Total 6,064
 • Rank #171 in Norway
 • Density 14.4/km2 (37/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 3.7%
Demonym(s) Eidar
Eider[1]
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 code NO-1443
Official language form Nynorsk
Website www.eid.kommune.no

Eid is a municipality in the county of Sogn og Fjordane, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Nordfjord. The village of Nordfjordeid is the administrative center of the municipality. Other larger villages in Eid include Mogrenda, Stårheim, Haugen, Kjølsdalen, Heggjabygda, and Lote

The 469-square-kilometre (181 sq mi) municipality is the 215th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Eid is the 171st most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 6,064. The municipality's population density is 14.4 inhabitants per square kilometre (37/sq mi) and its population has increased by 3.7% over the last decade.[2]

Eid is known for its opera, fjord horses, shopping, and hiking opportunities. As in the rest of the region, agriculture is very important here, but trade and industry are also important. Frislid Konfeksjon (textiles) and the Hellesøy Nordfjord shipyard among others are located in Eid.

Nordfjordeid has much to offer in the way of education. Its schools include the folk high school, which offers courses linked to Fjord horses and provides the only circus education in Norway. There is also the Norwegian Fjord Horse Centre (Norsk Fjordhestsenter) in Eid. Its focus is in boosting the breed's standing in Norway and elsewhere.[3]

General information[edit]

Map of the municipality
Stårheim Church

Eid was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The original municipality was identical to the Eid parish (prestegjeld) with the sub-parishes (sokn) of Hornindal, Eid, and Stårheim.[4] On 1 January 1867, the eastern district of Hornindal was separated from Eid to form its own municipality. This split left the two remaining sub-parishes of the municipality of Eid with a population of 2,918.[5]

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1965, the neighboring municipalities of Davik and Hornindal were dissolved and split up among their neighbors. Eid municipality gained all of Davik that was north of the Nordfjorden and east of and including the village of Lefdal. (Population in that area was 654.[5]) All of Hornindal municipality west of and including the villages of Navelsaker and Holmøyvik (population: 310) was also merged into Eid. After this merger, Eid's total population was 4,532.[5] At this point, Eid gained a third sub-parish from the former municipality of Davik: Kjølsdalen. Then on 1 January 1992, the village of Lote and its surrounding area (population: 152) was transferred from Gloppen Municipality to Eid.[5]

On 1 January 2020, the municipalities of Eid and Selje will merge to form the new municipality of Stad.[6] It is possible that the Bryggja area of Vågsøy Municipality will also be part of Stad municipality, but those discussions are ongoing with the Vågsøy council saying no, but the residents of that area saying yes.[7][8]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Øygir; this was originally the name of a fjord (now called the Eidsfjorden). The name of the fjord is probably derived from a river name Aug, and this again is derived from the word öfugr which means "backwards". The actual river (now called Eidselva) meanders back and forth and from certain points it can seem to run backwards.

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms were granted on 26 April 1986. The arms show the golden head of a fjord horse on a red background. The region is well known for its own race of horses, called the Fjording, that are very common and popular in the area. The Fjording is characterised by its white and black mane.[9]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Eid. It is part of the Nordfjord deanery in the Diocese of Bjørgvin. [4][10]

Churches in Eid
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Eid Eid Church Nordfjordeid 1849
Heggjabygda Church Heggjabygda 1936
Kjølsdalen Kjølsdalen Church Kjølsdalen 1940
Stårheim Stårheim Church Stårheim 1864

Government[edit]

View of the fjord from Storehornet

All municipalities in Norway, including Eid, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Eid is made up of 29 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[11]

Eid Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet4
 Progress PartyFramstegspartiet1
 Conservative PartyHøgre4
 Christian Democratic PartyKristelig Folkeparti1
 Centre PartySenterpartiet9
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti1
 Liberal PartyVenstre9
Total number of members:29

Mayor[edit]

The mayor (ordførar) of a municipality in Norway is a representative of the majority party of the municipal council who is elected to lead the council. Alfred Bjørlo of the Liberal Party was elected mayor for the 2011-2015 term and was re-elected for the 2015-2019 term.[12]

Geography[edit]

Hundvikfjord seen from Anda
Isefjord, between Eid and Bremanger

The municipality of Eid is located in the northernmost part of Sogn og Fjordane county. It is located along the northern shores of the Nordfjorden and it surrounds the Eidsfjorden branch off of the main Nordfjorden. Eid is bordered to the west by the municipality of Vågsøy, to the south by the municipalities of Bremanger and Gloppen, to the east by the municipalities of Stryn and Hornindal, and to the north by the municipalities of Volda and Vanylven in Møre og Romsdal county. Hornindalsvatnet, the deepest lake in Europe, is partially located in Eid municipalithy.

Famous people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2017). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-21. 
  3. ^ "Eid". Nordfjord.info. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2 August 2008. 
  4. ^ a b Natvik, Oddvar (9 February 2005). "Some historical data on the 26 Kommunes". Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d Juvkam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 
  6. ^ "Stad 2020: Eid og Selje i ny kommune" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-21. 
  7. ^ Wuttudal, Anna (2017-10-20). "Vågsøy vil ikkje gje slepp". Fjordabladet (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-21. 
  8. ^ Gytri, Anna; Blaalid Oldeide, Erlend (2017-09-23). "Vil la folk på Bryggja skifte kommune". NRK Sogn og Fjordane (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-21. 
  9. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2 August 2008. 
  10. ^ "Eid kirkelige fellesråd" (in Norwegian). Den Norske Kirke. 
  11. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. 
  12. ^ Eid Kommune. "Ordføraren" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 16 February 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2008. 

External links[edit]