Eid, Norway

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Eid kommune
View of the Eidsfjorden
View of the Eidsfjorden
Coat of arms of Eid kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Eid kommune
Sogn og Fjordane within
Norway
Eid within Sogn og Fjordane
Eid within Sogn og Fjordane
Coordinates: 61°54′41″N 06°02′14″E / 61.91139°N 6.03722°E / 61.91139; 6.03722Coordinates: 61°54′41″N 06°02′14″E / 61.91139°N 6.03722°E / 61.91139; 6.03722
CountryNorway
CountySogn og Fjordane
DistrictNordfjord
Established1 Jan 1838
Disestablished1 Jan 2020
Administrative centreNordfjordeid
Government
 • Mayor (2011-2019)Alfred Bjørlo (V)
Area
 • Total469.24 km2 (181.17 sq mi)
 • Land420.22 km2 (162.25 sq mi)
 • Water49.02 km2 (18.93 sq mi)  10.4%
Area rank215 in Norway
 *Area at municipal dissolution.
Population
 (2018)
 • Total6,157
 • Rank168 in Norway
 • Density14.7/km2 (38/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
5.2%
Demonym(s)Eidar
Eider[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1443
Official language formNynorsk[2]
Created asFormannskapsdistrikt in 1838
Succeeded byStad in 2020
Websiteeid.kommune.no

Eid is a former municipality in the county of Sogn og Fjordane, Norway. It was located in the traditional district of Nordfjord. The village of Nordfjordeid was the administrative center of the municipality. Other larger villages in Eid included Mogrenda, Stårheim, Haugen, Kjølsdalen, Heggjabygda, and Lote.

At the time of its dissolution in 2020, the 469-square-kilometre (181 sq mi) municipality is the 215th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Eid is the 168th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 6,157. The municipality's population density is 14.7 inhabitants per square kilometre (38/sq mi) and its population has increased by 5.2% over the last decade.[3][4]

Eid was known for its opera, fjord horses, shopping, and hiking opportunities. As in the rest of the region, agriculture was very important here, but trade and industry were also important. Frislid Konfeksjon (textiles) and the Hellesøy Nordfjord shipyard among others are located in Eid.

Nordfjordeid's schools include the folk high school, which offers courses linked to Fjord horses and provides the only circus education in Norway. There is also the Norwegian Fjord Horse Centre (Norsk Fjordhestsenter) in Eid. Its focus is in boosting the breed's standing in Norway and elsewhere.[5]

General information[edit]

Stårheim Church
View of the fjord from Storehornet

Eid was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt law). The original municipality was identical to the Eid parish (prestegjeld) with the sub-parishes (sokn) of Hornindal, Eid, and Stårheim.[6] On 1 January 1867, the eastern district of Hornindal was separated from Eid to form its own municipality. This split left the two remaining sub-parishes of the municipality of Eid with a population of 2,918.[7]

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1965, the neighboring municipalities of Davik and Hornindal were dissolved and split up among their neighbors. Eid municipality gained all of Davik that was north of the Nordfjorden and east of and including the village of Lefdal. (Population in that area was 654.[7]) All of Hornindal municipality west of and including the villages of Navelsaker and Holmøyvik (population: 310) was also merged into Eid. After this merger, Eid's total population was 4,532.[7] At this point, Eid gained a third sub-parish from the former municipality of Davik: Kjølsdalen. Then on 1 January 1992, the village of Lote and its surrounding area (population: 152) was transferred from Gloppen Municipality to Eid.[7]

On 1 January 2020, Eid Municipality ceased to exist when it was merged with the neighboring Selje Municipality and the Bryggja-Totland area of Vågsøy Municipality to form the new Stad Municipality.[8][9]

Name[edit]

The Old Norse form of the name was Øygir; this was originally the name of a fjord (now called the Eidsfjorden). The name of the fjord is probably derived from a river name Aug, and this again is derived from the word öfugr which means "backwards". The actual river (now called Eidselva) meanders back and forth and from certain points it can seem to run backwards.

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat of arms were granted on 26 April 1986. The arms show the golden head of a fjord horse on a red background. The region is well known for its own race of horses, called the Fjording, that are very common and popular in the area. The Fjording is characterised by its white and black mane.[10]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway had three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Eid. It is part of the Nordfjord prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Bjørgvin.[6][11]

Churches in Eid
Parish (sokn) Church name Location of the church Year built
Eid Eid Church Nordfjordeid 1849
Heggjabygda Church Heggjabygda 1936
Kjølsdalen Kjølsdalen Church Kjølsdalen 1940
Stårheim Stårheim Church Stårheim 1864

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Eid, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[12] The municipality falls under the Sogn og Fjordane District Court and the Gulating Court of Appeal.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Eid was made up of 29 representatives that were elected to four year terms. The party breakdown of the final municipal council was as follows:

Eid Kommunestyre 2016–2019 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)9
Total number of members:29
Eid Kommunestyre 2012–2015 [14]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)2
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)1
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)6
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)13
Total number of members:29
Eid Kommunestyre 2008–2011 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)6
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)3
Total number of members:29
Eid Kommunestyre 2004–2007 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)4
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)8
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
Total number of members:29
Eid Kommunestyre 2000–2003 [13]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)2
 Conservative Party (Høgre)10
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:33
Eid Kommunestyre 1996–1999 [15]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)9
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)11
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:33
Eid Kommunestyre 1992–1995 [16]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)5
 Progress Party (Framstegspartiet)1
 Conservative Party (Høgre)7
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)11
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)2
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
Total number of members:33
Eid Kommunestyre 1988–1991 [17]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høgre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Socialist Left Party (Sosialistisk Venstreparti)1
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:33
Eid Kommunestyre 1984–1987 [18]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)8
 Conservative Party (Høgre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)9
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
Total number of members:33
Eid Kommunestyre 1980–1983 [19]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)8
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Liberal Party (Venstre)4
 Non-party list (Upolitisk liste)1
Total number of members:33
Eid Kommunestyre 1976–1979 [20]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)3
 Conservative Party (Høgre)5
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)4
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)14
 Liberal Party (Venstre)2
 Non-party list (Upolitisk Liste)1
Total number of members:29
Eid Kommunestyre 1972–1975 [21]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)13
 Liberal Party (Venstre)7
Total number of members:29
Eid Kommunestyre 1968–1971 [22]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
Total number of members:29
Eid Kommunestyre 1964–1967 [23]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Conservative Party (Høgre)3
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)10
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
Total number of members:29
Eid Heradsstyre 1960–1963 [24]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)3
 Centre Party (Senterpartiet)7
 Liberal Party (Venstre)6
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)5
Total number of members:29
Eid Heradsstyre 1956–1959 [25]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Conservative Party (Høgre)2
 Christian Democratic Party (Kristeleg Folkeparti)2
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)7
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)12
Total number of members:29
Eid Heradsstyre 1952–1955 [26]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)6
 Liberal Party (Venstre)7
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)4
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)11
Total number of members:28
Eid Heradsstyre 1948–1951 [27]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Joint List(s) of Non-Socialist Parties (Borgarlege Felleslister)9
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)15
Total number of members:28
Eid Heradsstyre 1945–1947 [28]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)7
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)21
Total number of members:28
Eid Heradsstyre 1938–1941* [29]  
Party Name (in Nynorsk) Number of
representatives
 Labour Party (Arbeidarpartiet)4
 Farmers' Party (Bondepartiet)3
 Liberal Party (Venstre)5
 Local List(s) (Lokale lister)8
Total number of members:28

Mayor[edit]

The mayor (ordførar) of a municipality in Norway is a representative of the majority party of the municipal council who is elected to lead the council. Alfred Bjørlo of the Liberal Party was elected mayor for the 2011–2015 term and was re-elected for the 2015–2019 term.[30]

Geography[edit]

Hundvikfjord seen from Anda
Isefjord, between Eid and Bremanger

The municipality of Eid is located in the northernmost part of Sogn og Fjordane county. It is located along the northern shores of the Nordfjorden and it surrounds the Eidsfjorden branch off of the main Nordfjorden. Eid is bordered to the west by the municipality of Vågsøy, to the south by the municipalities of Bremanger and Gloppen, to the east by the municipalities of Stryn and Hornindal, and to the north by the municipalities of Volda and Vanylven in Møre og Romsdal county. Hornindalsvatnet, the deepest lake in Europe, is partially located in Eid municipality.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  2. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-10-05.
  4. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2019-10-05.
  5. ^ "Eid". Nordfjord.info. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2 August 2008.
  6. ^ a b Natvik, Oddvar (9 February 2005). "Some historical data on the 26 Kommunes". Archived from the original on 24 July 2011.
  7. ^ a b c d Juvkam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  8. ^ "Stad 2020: Eid og Selje i ny kommune" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2017-10-21.
  9. ^ "Bryggja inn i Stad kommune" (in Norwegian). Nye Stad kommune. Retrieved 2019-10-05.
  10. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2019-10-05.
  11. ^ "Eid kirkelige fellesråd" (in Norwegian). Den Norske Kirke.
  12. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
  13. ^ a b c d "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.
  14. ^ "Tall for Norge: Kommunestyrevalg 2011 - Sogn og Fjordane" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. Retrieved 2019-10-19.
  15. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1995" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1996. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  16. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1991" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1993. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  17. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1987" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1988. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  18. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1983" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo-Kongsvinger: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1984. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  19. ^ "Kommunestyrevalget 1979" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1979. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  20. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1975" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1977. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  21. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1972" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1973. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  22. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1967" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1967. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  23. ^ "Kommunevalgene 1963" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1964. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  24. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1959" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1960. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  25. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1955" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1957. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  26. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1951" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1952. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  27. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1947" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1948. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  28. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1945" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1947. Retrieved 2020-05-10.
  29. ^ "Kommunevalgene og Ordførervalgene 1937" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Oslo: Statistisk sentralbyrå. 1938. Retrieved 2020-05-11.
  30. ^ Eid Kommune. "Ordføraren" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 16 February 2012. Retrieved 2 August 2008.

External links[edit]