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Eid prayers, also known as Salat al-Eid (Arabic: صلاة العيد) and Salat al-Eidain (Arabic: صلاة العيدين), is the special prayer offered to commemorate two Islamic festivals. Both the Eids are collectively known as Eidain (عيدين) in the Arabic language. The two Islamic festivals are:
- Eid al-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر), which is celebrated on the 1st day of Shawwal, the 10th month of the Islamic calendar (the first day after Ramadan).
- Eid al-Adha (Arabic: عيد الأضحى), which is celebrated on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the 12th month of the Islamic calendar.
|Arab World||Arabic||صلاة العيد (Ṣalāh al-'Eid)|
|Pakistan, North India||Urdu||نماز عيد (Eid namaaz)|
|Turkey, Azerbaijan||Turkish, Azeri||Bayram namazı|
|Bangladesh, East India, North-east India||Bengali||ঈদের নামাজ (Eider namaz)|
|Indonesia||Bahasa Indonesia, Basa Jawa||Salat Id|
|Malaysia||Bahasa Melayu||Solat Sunat Hari Raya|
|Iraqi Kurdistan||Kurdish Sorani||نوێژی جێژن|
Different scholars interpret the importance of this salat (prayer) differently. Salat al-Eid is Wajib (necessary/mandatory) according to Hanafi scholars, Sunnah al-Mu'kkadah according to Maliki and Shaf'i jurisprudence, and Fard according to Hanbali scholars. Some scholars say it is fard al-ayn and some say it is fard al-kifaya.
The time of Salat al-Eid begins when the sun reaches approximately two meters above the horizon until it reaches its meridian before Zuhr.[clarification needed] Adhering to the Sunnah, the time for Eid al-Fitr prayer is delayed and Eid al-Adha prayer is hastened, so as to facilitate distribution of Fitrah before the Eid al-Fitr prayer and offer sacrifice after the Eid al-Adha prayer. This has been a proved Sunnah and has been well recorded in Hadith books.
- "Ruling on Eid prayers". Islam Question and Answer.