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The Eidophusikon (Greek: Ειδωφυσικον) was a piece of art, no longer extant, thought up by French painter David Garrick and created by 18th-century English painter Philip James de Loutherbourg. It opened in Leicester Square in February 1781.
Described by the media of his day as "Moving Pictures, representing Phenomena of Nature", the Eidophusikon can be considered an early form of movie making. The effect was achieved by mirrors and pulleys.
A small exhibition centered on his Eidophusikon can currently be seen at The Huntington Library.
The Eidophusikon consisted of a large-scale miniature theatre that let experiment the try of creating the perfect illusion of the moving nature: sunrise scenes, sunsets, moonlight images, storms, and volcanoes from all over the world with sound and music effects. The sound and light effects of the Eidophusikon, compared with the shows seen until that time, were specially inventive by their realism.
- Sensibility and the Cult of Special Effects (dead link)
- Modern recreation of an Eidophusikon (dead link)
- An Eighteenth-Century Movie Show. Centre for Cross-Cultural Research, Australian National University, Canberra, 2006. 3D digital recreation of a eidophusikon demonstration  and 
- Active German Eidophusikon in Dortmund, Germany (June--October 2014) (German text)
- Video of German active Eidophusikon in Dortmund, Germany
- Robert Poulter's New Model Theatre