Eidsberg within Østfold
|• Mayor (2003)||Knut Jørgen Herland (Sp)|
|• Total||236 km2 (91 sq mi)|
|• Land||229 km2 (88 sq mi)|
|Area rank||311 in Norway|
|• Rank||100 in Norway|
|• Density||44/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||10.5 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-0125|
|Official language form||Bokmål|
Eidsberg is a municipality in Østfold county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Mysen. Neighboring municipalities are Rakkestad, Askim, Skiptvet, Trøgstad, and Marker in Østfold, and Aurskog-Høland in Akershus.
Eidsberg was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The town of Mysen was separated from Eidsberg to form a municipality of its own on 1 July 1920, but it was merged back into the municipality of Eidsberg on 1 January 1961.
The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Eidsberg farm (Old Norse: Eiðsberg), since the first church was built here. The first element is the genitive case of eið which means "path around a waterfall" and the last element is berg which means "mountain". Prior to 1847, the name was spelled "Edsberg".
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 16 March 1962. The arms show a bear, which is taken as a symbol for Arnbjørn Jonsson, who lived in Eidsberg. The bear is canting for Bjørn (Norwegian: bear). He was a well known warrior in during the civil war era under King Håkon Håkonsson, until his death in 1240.
Twin towns — Sister cities
- - Brønderslev, Region Nordjylland, Denmark
- - Kasese, Kasese District, Uganda
- - Nässjö, Jönköping County, Sweden
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-12-13.
- "Vennskapskommuner" (in Norwegian). Eidsberg kommune. Retrieved 2008-12-16.
- "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Retrieved 29 June 2015.