Eight-circuit model of consciousness

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The Eight-Circuit Model of Consciousness is a proposal by Timothy Leary, and later expanded on by Robert Anton Wilson and Antero Alli, that "suggests eight periods[circuits] of neurological evolution"[1], or eight "brains" as referred by other authors, which operate within the human mind, each corresponding to its own imprint and direct experience of reality.[2] Leary called his book "science faction" or "psi-phy" and noted he had written it "in various prisons to which the author had been sentenced for dangerous ideology and violations of Newtonian and religious laws".[3]

According to the idea, as one grows from infancy the circuits are activated in turn, with only the first four activated universally. The first four circuits deal with life on earth, and survival of the species. The last four circuits are post terrestrial, and deal with the evolution of the species, altered states of consciousness, enlightenment, mystical experiences, psychedelic states of mind, and psychic abilities. The proposal is that these altered states of consciousness are recently realized, but not widely utilized. Leary describes the first four as "larval circuits", necessary for surviving and functioning in a terrestrial human society, and proposed that the post terrestrial circuits will be useful for future humans who, through a predetermined script, continue to act on their urge to migrate to outer space and live extraterrestrially. Leary, Wilson, and Alli have written about the the idea in depth, and have explored and attempted to define how each circuit operates, both in the lives of individual people and in societies and civilization.

The term "circuits" came from people inspired by aspects of Eastern philosophy who were also involved in cybernetics research and development in the United States in the 1970s.

Leary used the eight circuits to explain both personal "evolution" of an individual as well as his view of the biological evolution of all life.

The Eight Circuits[edit]

Each circuit listed has each name from Leary's book "Exo-Psychology" after the preface,[4][5] and Wilson's book "Quantum Psychology" pgs.196-201.[6] Note:In other books from Leary, Wilson, and Alli, the eight circuits have different names due to different interpretations and findings of each author. Please reference bibliography section for other works on labeling of each circuit.

1. (Leary)The vegetative-invertebrate circuit (Wilson)The oral bio-survival circuit[7][8][9][edit]

This circuit is concerned with nourishment, physical safety, comfort and survival, suckling, cuddling, etc. It begins with one spatial dimension, forward/back.

This circuit is imprinted early in infancy. The imprint will normally last for life unless it is re-imprinted by a powerful experience. Depending on the nature of the imprint, the organism will tend towards one of two basic attitudes:

  • A positive imprint sets up a basic attitude of trust. The organism generally considers the environment benign and accepts and approaches. This is equivalent to a default life position of "you're ok" in the 'life positions' model of Transactional analysis.
  • A negative imprint sets up a basic attitude of suspicion. The organism generally regards the environment as hostile and flees and avoids. This is equivalent to a default life position of "you're not ok" in the 'life positions' model of Transactional analysis.

This circuit is said to have appeared in the earliest evolution of the invertebrate brain and corresponds to the reptilian brain of triune brain theory. This circuit operates in essentially the same way across mammals, reptiles, fish, primates and humans.[citation needed]

Robert Anton Wilson equated this circuit with the oral stage in the Freudian theory of psychosexual development, and proposed that this circuit is activated in adults by strong opioids.[10]

2. (Leary)The emotional-locomotion circuit (Wilson)The anal territorial circuit[11][12][edit]

The emotional-territorial circuit is imprinted in the toddler stage. It is concerned with domination and submission, territoriality, etc.

The imprint on this circuit will trigger one of two states:

This circuit is activated by depressant drugs such as alcohol, barbiturates, and benzodiazepines. This circuit appeared first in territorial vertebrate animals and is preserved across all mammals. It corresponds to the mammalian brain of triune brain theory. Robert Anton Wilson equated this circuit with the anal stage in the Freudian theory of psycho-sexual development. This circuit introduces a 2nd spatial dimension; up/down.

The first and second circuits both imprint in a binary fashion: trust/suspicion and dominance/submission.[14] Thus there are four possible ways of imprinting the first two circuits:

3. (Leary)The laryngeal-manual symbolic circuit (Wilson)The semantic time-binding circuit[17][18][edit]

This circuit is imprinted by human symbol systems. It is concerned with language, handling the environment, invention, calculation, prediction, building a mental "map" of the universe, physical dexterity, etc.

This circuit is activated by stimulant drugs such as amphetamines, cathinones, cocaine, and caffeine. This circuit supposedly appeared first when hominids started differentiating from the rest of the primates.

Robert Anton Wilson, being heavily influenced by General Semantics, writes of this circuit as the 'time-binding circuit'. This means that this circuit's contents – including human know-how, technology, science etc. - are preserved memetically and passed on from generation to generation, constantly mutating and increasing in sophistication.

4. (Leary)The socio-sexual domestication circuit (Wilson)The socio-sexual circuit[19][20][edit]

This fourth circuit is imprinted by the first orgasm-mating experiences and tribal "morals". It is concerned with sexual pleasure (instead of sexual reproduction), local definitions of "moral" and "immoral", reproduction, rearing of the young, etc. The fourth circuit concerns itself with cultural values and operating within social networks. This circuit is said to have first appeared with the development of tribes. Leary never associated a drug with it, but some have pointed out that entactogens such as MDMA seem to meet some of the requirements needed to activate this circuit.

5. (Leary and Wilson)The neurosomatic circuit[21][22][edit]

This is concerned with neurological-somatic feedbacks, feeling high and blissful, somatic reprogramming, etc. It may be called the rapture circuit.[23]

When this circuit is activated, a non-conceptual feeling of well-being arises. This has a beneficial effect on the health of the physical body.[24]

The fifth circuit is consciousness of the body. There is a marked shift from linear visual space to an all-encompassing aesthetic sensory space. Perceptions are judged not so much for their meaning and utility, but for their aesthetic qualities.[25] Experience of this circuit often accompanies an hedonistic turn-on, a rapturous amusement, a detachment from the previously compulsive mechanism of the first four circuits.

This circuit is activated by ecstatic experiences via physiological effects of cannabis, Hatha Yoga, tantra and Zen meditation. Robert Anton Wilson writes, "Tantra yoga is concerned with shifting consciousness entirely into this circuit"[26] and that "Prolonged sexual play without orgasm always triggers some Circuit V consciousness".[27]

Leary describes that this circuit first appeared in the upper classes, with the development of leisure-class civilizations around 2000 BC.

6. (Leary)The neuro-electric circuit (Wilson)The metaprogramming circuit[28][29][edit]

Note: Timothy Leary lists this circuit as the sixth, and the neurogenetic circuit as the seventh.[30] in "Prometheus Rising", Robert Anton Wilson reversed the order of these two circuits,[31] describing the neurogenetic circuit as the sixth circuit, and the metaprogramming circuit as the seventh. In the subsequently published "Quantum Psychology", he reverted this back to the order proposed by Leary.

This circuit is concerned with re-imprinting and re-programming all earlier circuits and the relativity of “realities” perceived. The sixth circuit consists of the nervous system becoming aware of itself. Leary says this circuit enables telepathic communication and is activated by low-to-moderate doses of LSD (50-150 µg), moderate doses of peyote, psilocybin mushrooms and meditation/chanting especially when used in a group or ritual setting. This circuit is traced by Leary back to 500 BC.

7. (Leary)The neurogenetic circuit (Wilson)The morphogenetic circuit[32][33][edit]

This circuit is the connection of the individual's mind to the whole sweep of evolution and life as a whole. It is the part of consciousness that echoes the experiences of the previous generations that have brought the individual's brain-mind to its present level.

It deals with ancestral, societal and scientific DNA-RNA-brain feedbacks. Those who achieve this mutation may speak of past lives, reincarnation, immortality etc.[34] It corresponds to the collective unconscious in the models of Carl Jung[35] where archetypes reside.

Activation of this circuit may be equated with consciousness of the Great God Pan in his aspect as Life as a whole, or with consciousness of Gaia, the biosphere considered as a single organism.[36]

This circuit is activated by moderate doses of LSD (200-500 µg), higher doses of peyote, higher doses of psilocybin mushrooms, yoga and meditation.

The circuit first appeared among the Hindus in the early first millennium and later reappeared among the Sufi sects.

8. (Leary)The neuro-atomic metaphysiological (Wilson)The non-local quantum circuit[37][38][edit]

The eighth circuit is concerned with quantum consciousness, non-local awareness (information from beyond ordinary space-time awareness which is limited by the speed of light), illumination. Some of the ways this circuit can get activated are: the awakening of kundalini, shock, a near-death experience, etc. This circuit has even been compared to the Buddhist concept of Indra's net from the Avatamsaka Sutra.

If previously activated in a powerful experience that remains imprinted in an individual's memories, this circuit can retain the activity that allows for an awareness beyond that of the lower 4 circuits without the need for drugs.

Leary's contribution[edit]

Although Leary propounded the basic premise of eight "brains" or brain circuits, he was inspired by sources such as the Hindu chakra system.

An under-utilized “lower” circuit hinders the complete expression of a “higher” circuit. It would thus become necessary for a person to fully experience, integrate, and embody the survival circuits, in order to withstand the shock that accompanies the activation of the post-survival circuits.

One observation based on this model is about perceived “entities” such as angels, extraterrestrials, deities, etc. These may be archetypal and appear subject to interpretation.

Leary claimed that among other things this model explained the social conflict in the 1960s, where the mainstream was said to be those with four circuits active and characterized by Leary as tribal moralists and clashed with the counter-culturists, who were then said to be those with five or more circuits active and characterized as individualists and hedonists.

Leary's first book on the subject, Neurologic, only included seven circuits when it was published in 1973. Exo-Psychology, published in 1977, expanded the number of circuits to eight and clarified the subject. In it, he puts forward the theory that the later four circuits are "post terrestrial;" intended to develop as we migrate off this planet and colonize others.[39] Once we begin space migration, according to Leary, we will have more ready access to these higher circuits. Exo-Pyschology was re-published as revised by Timothy Leary with additional material in 1989 under the title Info-Psychology (New Falcon Publishing).

Other authors on the eight circuits[edit]

Leary's ideas heavily influenced the work of Robert Anton Wilson. Wilson's book Prometheus Rising is an in-depth work documenting Leary's eight-circuit model of consciousness. Wilson's published screenplay Reality Is What You Can Get Away With uses and explains the model. Wilson, like Leary, wrote about the distinction between terrestrial and post-terrestrial life.

Angel Tech by Antero Alli, is structured around the Eight-circuit model of consciousness. Alli defines the word angel as "a being of light" and tech from the word "techne" meaning "art". The title is defined as "the art of being light".[40] It includes suggested activities such as meditations and construction of tarot-card collages associated with each circuit and imprint.

In chaos magic the eight circuits are related to the eight rays of the symbol of chaos

The model is fairly prominent in chaos magic. This concept has been detailed in "Chaotopia!" by Dave Lee, a leading member of the magic society Illuminates of Thanateros. Leary and Wilson were also members of the society.[citation needed]

Rolf Von Eckartsberg also appears to have been influenced by the model.[41][42]

Bruce Scofield has written about the correlations of the mode with astrology. Resonances between planetary cycles and the birthday are suggested to be triggers that open temporary windows of imprint vulnerability. The Moon is correlated with the biosurvival period, Mars with the emotional-territorial stage, Mercury with the rational mind and Venus with the socio-sexual stage. These are initiated respectively at birth, at the second birthday, at age 3.5 and age 8 at which times the Moon, Mars, Mercury and Venus return to their birth positions, or are in phase with it. The other four circuits are considered octaves of the first four.[43]

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Alli, Antero. Angel Tech: A Modern Shaman's Guide to Reality Selection, The Original Falcon Press; (Reprint - 2008). ISBN 978-1-935150-95-4.
  • Alli, Antero. The Eight-Circuit Brain: Navigational Strategies for the Energetic Body, Vertical Pool Publishing; (2009). ISBN 978-0-9657341-3-4.
  • Leary, Timothy. The Politics of Ecstasy, 1970
  • Leary, Timothy. Neurologic, 1973, with Joanna Leary.
  • Leary, Timothy. Exo-Psychology, 1977.
  • Leary, Timothy. Info-Psychology, New Falcon Publications, 1987, ISBN 1-56184-105-6.
  • Leary, Timothy. What Does WoMan Want?, 1976, 88 books.
  • Lee, Dave. Chaotopia!, Mandrake of Oxford. ISBN 1-869928-88-1.
  • "Leary's 8 Calibre Brain", Psychic magazine, April 1976.
  • Valle, R. & von Eckarsberg, R. The metaphors of consciousness. New York: Plenum Press.
  • Wilson, Robert Anton. Prometheus Rising, 1983, New Falcon Publications (Reprint - 1992). ISBN 1-56184-056-4.
  • Wilson, Robert Anton. Quantum Psychology, 1990.
  • Wilson, Robert Anton. Reality Is What You Can Get Away With, 1992, new introduction added 1996.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leary, T. (1987). Info-Psychology. New Falcon Press, Los Angeles. Page xii
  2. ^ Leary, Wilson, Alli, et al. (1977-95)
  3. ^ Info-Psychology, p7.
  4. ^ Leary, T. (1977). Exo-Psychology. Starseed/Peace Press, Los Angeles. Pg. 14 not numbered
  5. ^ https://archive.org/stream/exopsychologyman00learrich#page/n15/mode/2up
  6. ^ Wilson, R.A. (1990). Quantum Psychology. New Falcon Press, Tempe, AZ. Page 196-201
  7. ^ Leary, T. (1977). Exo-Psychology. Starseed/Peace Press, Los Angeles. Pg. 14 not numbered
  8. ^ https://archive.org/stream/exopsychologyman00learrich#page/n15/mode/2up
  9. ^ Wilson, R.A. (1990). Quantum Psychology. New Falcon Press, Tempe, AZ. Page 196-201
  10. ^ Prometheus Rising, pg. 47
  11. ^ Exo-Psychology, table of contents
  12. ^ Quantum Psychology, pgs. 196-201
  13. ^ Wilson, R.A. "Prometheus Rising" (1983). New Falcon Publications, Tempe. Page 79.
  14. ^ http://deoxy.org/raw1.htm
  15. ^ Wilson, R.A. "Prometheus Rising" (1983). New Falcon Publications, Tempe. Page 73.
  16. ^ Wilson, R.A. "Prometheus Rising" (1983). New Falcon Publications, Tempe. Page 73.
  17. ^ Exo-Psychology, table of contents
  18. ^ Quantum Psychology, pgs. 196-201
  19. ^ Exo-Psychology, table of contents
  20. ^ Quantum Psychology, pgs. 196-201
  21. ^ Exo-Psychology, table of contents
  22. ^ Quantum Psychology, pgs. 196-201
  23. ^ Leary, T., "Neurologic" (1973). Starseed Publications, San Francisco.
  24. ^ Wilson, R.A., "Quantum Psychology" (1990). New Falcon Publications, Tempe. Page 198
  25. ^ Leary, T., "Neurologic" (1973). Starseed Publications, San Francisco. Page V-1.
  26. ^ Wilson, R.A. "Prometheus Rising" (1983). New Falcon Publications, Tempe. Page 41.
  27. ^ Wilson, R.A. "Prometheus Rising" (1983). New Falcon Publications, Tempe. Page 184.
  28. ^ Exo-Psychology, table of contents
  29. ^ Quantum Psychology, pgs. 196-201
  30. ^ Leary, T. (1977). "Neuropolitics". Starseed Peace Press, Los Angeles.
  31. ^ Wilson, R.A. "Prometheus Rising" (1983). New Falcon Publications, Tempe.
  32. ^ Exo-Psychology, table of contents
  33. ^ Quantum Psychology, pgs. 196-201
  34. ^ http://deoxy.org/cc-chap4.htm
  35. ^ Wilson, R.A. "Prometheus Rising" (1983). New Falcon Publications, Tempe. Page 41.
  36. ^ http://deoxy.org/cc-chap4.htm
  37. ^ Exo-Psychology, table of contents
  38. ^ Quantum Psychology, pgs. 196-201
  39. ^ Leary, Timothy (1977). Exo-Psychology. Los Angeles: Starseed/Peace Press Inc. p. 103. ISBN 0-915238-16-0. 
  40. ^ Alli, Antero. (1985) "Angel Tech: A Modern Shaman's Guide to Reality Selection" New Falcon Publications, Tempe.
  41. ^ Von Eckartsberg, R. (1981a). "Maps of the mind". In Valle, R. & von Eckarsberg, R. The metaphors of consciousness. New York: Plenum Press.
  42. ^ http://www.earthportals.com/Portal_Messenger/bohm2.html
  43. ^ Scofield, Bruce (2001). The Circuitry of the Self. Amherst, MA: One Reed Publications. p. 190. ISBN 0-9628031-7-0. 

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