Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou
Eight Eccentrics of Yangzhou (simplified Chinese: 扬州八怪; traditional Chinese: 揚州八怪; pinyin: Yángzhoū Bā Guài) is the name for a group of eight Chinese painters active in the eighteenth-century, who were known in the Qing Dynasty for rejecting the orthodox ideas about painting in favor of a style deemed expressive and individualist.
The term was also used because they each had strong personalities at variance with the conventions of their own time. Most of them were from impoverished or troubled backgrounds. Still the term is, generally, more a statement about their artistic style than any social eccentricities.
The eight had an influence and association with painters like Gao Fenghan, as well as several others.
The generally accepted list is:
- Wāng ShìShèn (汪士慎) (1686–1759)
- Huáng Shèn (黄慎) (1687–1768)
- Lĭ Shàn (李鱓/李鳝) (1686?–1756)
- Jīn Nóng (金农) (1687–1764)
- Luō Pìn (罗聘) (1733–1799)
- Gāo Xiáng (高翔) (1688–1753)
- Zhèng Xiè (郑燮), also known as Zhèng BănQiáo (郑板桥) (1693–1765)
- Lĭ FāngYīng (李方膺) (1696–1755)
Alternate lists include:
- Huang Shen, Li Shan, Jin Nong, Zheng Xie, Li Fangying, Gao Fenghan, Bian Shoumin, Yang Fa
- Wang Shishen, Huang Shen, Li Shan, Jin Nong, Luo Pin, Zheng Xie, Min Zhen, Gao Fenghan
- Cihai: Page 668.
- Cihai: Page 668. Based on Li Yufen's (李玉棻) book 《瓯钵罗室书画目过考》
- Cihai: Page 668. Based on Wang Yun's (汪鋆) book 《扬州画苑录》
- Ci hai bian ji wei yuan hui (辞海编辑委员会). Ci hai (辞海). Shanghai: Shanghai ci shu chu ban she (上海辞书出版社), 1979.
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